Employment Relationship

In: Business and Management

Submitted By shani
Words 813
Pages 4
Changing work patterns
Introduction
Australian work communities are experiencing change. The labour force and industrial relations system is changing. The nature of work and the patterns of Australians' working lives are changing. Many say globalisation is the reason. Some say it is to boost productivity and provide flexibility for workers, employers, and businesses that make up our new economy. These issues are clearly seen when we look at our changing work patterns. See image 1
Structural changes to our work
'Structural change' is an economic explanation for our changing work patterns. It refers to key work and labour force changes in Australia, such as the reduction in full-time work and the increasing economic hardship of lower income workers compared to the increased affluence of higher socioeconomic groups. There has been a decline in full time work from 89 per cent to 69 per cent and rapid growth in services to over 80 per cent. There has been an increase in part-time and casual work; around one in four workers are part-time (due to more flexible workplaces, increased subcontractors, extended trading hours, work and family considerations).
The workforce participation of women has increased from 37 to 55 per cent and the number of employed people with a bachelor's degree or higher has increased from 3 to 19 per cent. The proportion of 15 to 24 year olds remaining in our education system has increased from 35 to 54 per cent, partly due to the changing needs of our workplaces and the increased competition for jobs and further education. There has also been a significant increase in 'own account workers', known familiarly as 'independent contractors' (for example, professionals working from home or tradespeople running their own businesses). See animation 1
Structural change also refers to industrial change, corporate deregulation/downsizing and changing…...

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