Effect of Food Adulteration

In: Science

Submitted By 7asoon
Words 446
Pages 2
Eating habits have been changing rapidly in modern India.

While traditionally, Indian families used to cook food at home with healthy ingredients and knew what went into the meal, in modern times, with rising incomes and affluence, more and more people are moving away to readymade fast foods and eating regularly at restaurants. The food in many of these outlets is cooked with poor quality ingredients to attract and satisfy the palate rather than provide a wholesome nutritional meal. We now have a lot more varieties and the choices are many. Though, some of us may not be aware of the fact that the food we consume may be adulterated, 25 to 30 per cent of the food items in India are intentionally adulterated.

Impure, unsafe
Food adulteration is the addition or removal of any substances to or from food, so that the natural composition and quality is affected. Adulterated food is impure, unsafe and not wholesome. Food can be adulterated intentionally and accidentally. Unintentional adulteration is a result of ignorance or the lack of facilities to maintain food quality. This may be caused by spill over effect from pesticides and fertilisers. Inappropriate food handling and packaging methods can also result in adulteration.

Intentional food adulteration is usually done for financial gain. The most common form of intentional adulteration is colour adulteration. Some examples of intentional adulteration are addition of water to liquid milk, extraneous matter to ground spices, or the removal or substitution of milk solids from the natural product. Natural adulteration occurs due to the presence of certain chemicals, organic compounds or radicals naturally occurring in foods which are injurious to health and are not added to the foods intentionally or unintentionally. Some of the examples are toxic varieties of pulses, mushrooms, green and other vegetables, fish and…...

Similar Documents

Market Failure: Food Adulteration in Bangladesh

...Failure * Adulteration in Food Industry Submitted to: Mr. Sheikh Morshed Jahan Associate Professor Course Instructor - Bangladesh Studies Submitted by: Samia Khan (RQ 16) Adel Mostaque Ahmed (ZR 22) Ahnaf Zabee (ZR 35) Rituraj Baidya (ZR 56) Institute of Business Administration University of Dhaka April 9, 2012 Table of Contents Market failure 3 Food adulteration in Bangladesh 3 Mouthwatering looks: 4 Endurance: 4 Examples of food adulteration 5 The consequences: 6 The awareness issue: 6 Penalties 7 The Solution 8 Conclusion 8 Market failure Market failure is a concept within economic theory describing when the allocation of goods and services by a free market is not efficient. That is, there exists another conceivable outcome where a market participant may be made better off without making someone else worse-off. Market failures can be viewed as scenarios where individuals' pursuit of pure self-interest leads to results that are not efficient – that can be improved upon from the societal point-of-view. Food adulteration in Bangladesh Food adulteration is the process of adding chemical substances with foods, which should not be contained within food and beverages. Chemical substances or simply adulterants may be added to substances to reduce manufacturing costs, or for some deceptive or malicious purpose. When profit in business is more important than morality, then it is possible to add the poisoning contents to the......

Words: 2319 - Pages: 10

Effect of Food Adulteration on Community Health

...Effect of Food Adulteration on Community Health Health is wealth. People need to be cautious to keep their health well. We are required to take balanced diet and take regular exercise. We also have to maintain the standard of food. Now-a-days foods are being adulterated by mixing inferior but toxic and poisonous chemicals in it. It may also be done by removing some valuable substances from it. Food adulteration is done to degrade the quality and to increase the quantity for maximizing the profit. Every day we watch in the TV news how the unhygienic and spurious foods are entering into our houses. Adulteration of foods has many effects on individuals as well as on the community health. Food adulteration can cause immediate effect on human health. Diarrhea, dysentery, vomiting are such type of effects. Tamarind and date seed powder mixed with coffee powder can cause diarrhea. Adulteration on bakery items and dairy products may have tremendous effects on a child’s health. Such as cream-filled foods, cereal, cream sauces causes increased salivation, abdominal cramp, vomiting, prostration etc. Improperly processed milk and canned meat may cause food poisoning and abdominal pain. Vegetables and fish mixed with formalin and other type of chemicals which are used to keep the food fresh are injurious to health. Unhygienic meat and meat products can cause food infection usually with fever and chills. These are the immediate effect of food adulteration on public health. There are......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Junk Food Cause and Effect

...English Composition November 10th, 2013 Eating junk food can have a major negative impact on one's health. Though many people enjoy eating junk food and think it tastes great, the health risk and consequences can be very effective, and can range from everything to low energy levels to weight gain and illness. The term "junk food" encompasses a fairly broad category of food, but it typically refers to foods that are relatively high in caloric content, but low in nutritional value. Junk food is often high in sugar, salt, and fat, particularly saturated fat. It is often heavily processed and prepackaged, making it easy to prepare and eat. A few examples of foods often considered to be junk food include fast food, sweets such as ice cream, candy, debbie cakes, donuts, pre packaged treats, soda, and potato chips, among many others. Most people have no trouble pinpointing junk food; it is when they want to stop eating junk food that the trouble starts. The first effect of eating junk food is its impact on energy levels. The junk food causes energy levels to shoot up, which people like, but then energy levels will quickly crash, sending one back into the kitchen for another quick snack. In addition, junk food can cause moodiness, and make it difficult to get enough sleep at night, so energy levels are never restored to normal. Which means yes you will find yourself repeatedly looking for quick snacks throughout that night. Junk food doesn't contain the nutrients your body......

Words: 647 - Pages: 3

Food Adulteration

...Food Adulteration Food is the basic necessity of life. It should be pure, nutritious and free from any type of adulteration for proper maintenance of human health. One works hard and earns to satisfy one’s hunger. But at the end of the day, we are not sure of what we are eating. We might be eating a dangerous dye, sawdust, industrial starch or other contaminated foods which are a major source of diseases. And thus,we invite diseases rather than good health. Food adulteration is basically lowering the quality of food for sale either by the admixture or by the substitution of inferior substances or by the removal of some valuable nutritious ingredient. Yesterday, i was watching news channel and horrified to see the adulteration going on in our country just for a few bugs. People donot bother for others’ lives and health. . Since every consumer wants to get maximum quantity of a commodity at lower prices, the traders make use of this fact and quality of the product lowers through the addition of toxic or harmful substances or removal of the nutritional one. Thus we ourselves create situations for the traders to make our health unfit. Such type of food is extremely dangerous as it may be toxic and can affect health and it may deprive nutrients essential for proper growth and development. What i saw was actually shocking, cucumber was injected with the oxytocin given to pregnant ladies during their labour pains just to increase its size. Taking that may lead to heart problem,......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Effects of Junk Food on Health

...The phrase "junk food" itself speaks of endangerment to health. Junk foods are deemed to be trash foods as they are high in fat and sugar components regardless of how they are labeled by manufacturers. The apparent effect of junk food on health administers when there is excess in intake. Teenagers comprise the higher bulk of junk food fanatics and they seem to be unhealthy with such a lifestyle of munching in chips, fries, crackers and other snack foods in front of the television. Majority of junk food choices do not deliver beneficial nutritional values, but you could actually integrate a few junk foods in your diet with an assurance that it is of moderate amount. Regardless of age, the effect of junk food on health settles as bad as it could be especially when you eat too much of some. You will end up easily getting exhausted by being a junk food fanatic. Because it doesn't balance the appropriate levels of energy you ought to consume, you have tendencies of craving for more food when you eat junk foods. Also, you can be less focused with anything you undertake at work and home because what you are acquiring from junk foods are mere fats, not healthy ingredients. Also, you will experience lack of important oxygen that eventually result to poor brain functioning. In the long run, your heart cannot function as it should because of too much cholesterol absorbed in the body as an effect of junk food on health. If there's too much plaque in the arteries, your heart has to......

Words: 465 - Pages: 2

Causes and Effects of Junk Food

...Causes and Effects: Junk Food Most of the people nowadays, especially youngsters, prefer to have their meals outside at fast-food restaurants or cafeterias instead of having home-made food. According to a research, 70% of the young children eat fast food frequently in the California, USA (Driscoll, 2013). That type of food is called ‘Junk Food’, which contains high amount of calories and less essential nutrients that are necessary for our body (Anonymous, 2014). Pizzas, hamburgers, soft-drinks, chips, candies etc. are some of the examples of the junk food. Excessiveness in anything is bad, and so is the in-take of junk food. This essay will be discussing about several causes and effects of eating too much junk food on our lives. To start with, junk food’s appealing price and delivery services are causes that motivate people to eat junk food a lot. Junk food prices are comparatively less than that of a healthy food. In a study it is shown that junk food costs $1.50 less per day than healthy food or approximately $550 per year (Polis, 2013). Another leading cause is it is ubiquitous that means it is almost available everywhere. Places like shopping centres where chocolates and candies are placed near the counter or the soda coolers at every exit point of the stores or even fast-food stores within the petrol stations make junk food easily accessible to us (Yum, 2012). Moreover, the junk food is mainly targeting the areas where low-income people live. In a research, it was......

Words: 1018 - Pages: 5

Fast Food Effects

...perspective statesthat there are three correlating factors that contributes to the rising trend in obesity which are:socio economic, geographical and individual attitude or perception on feeding. FAST FOOD RESTAURANT The fast food in the world today is a growing business, Bender and Bender (1995) defined fastfood as a general term which is used for limited food menu that are used in the production linetechniques where suppliers specialize in products such as Ham-burgers, sandwiches, pizzas orchickens.Fast food critics have revealed that fast food frequent visitors are less active and lazier inhandling home chores while the other individual that eat home cooked meals is more energetic, proactive and handle chores better. They also pointed out several reasons why fast food may beless healthy than other type of restaurant food; these include capital, time, costs and signatorydishes (Spurlock, 2004 and Schlosser, 2002). But in the actual context, this may not be so for allfast food restaurants as more restaurants are going into more healthy meals for their customersand the public in general. In fact; evidence linking fast food and obesity is not strong enough andmuch of it is based on studies in small sets of data. 2 ted from parents. Consumers have conflicting reports on how much fatthe body needs and burns and all about metabolism are still not clear to some consumers. Thereis need for adequate and concise information to get to the consumer from a source they have noreason...

Words: 420 - Pages: 2

Adulteration

...An adulterant is a substance found within other substances (e.g. food, beverages, fuels), although not allowed for legal or other reasons. The addition of adulterants is called adulteration. An adulterant is distinct from, for example, permitted food additives. There can be a fine line between adulterant and additive; chicory may be added to coffee to reduce the cost—this is adulteration if not declared, but may be stated on the label. The term "contamination" is usually used for the inclusion of unwanted substances due to accident or negligence rather than intent. Adulterants added to reduce the amount of expensive product in illicit drugs are called cutting agents. Deliberate addition of toxic adulterants to food or other products for human consumption is poisoning. In food and beverages[edit] Past and present examples of adulteration, some dangerous, include: Roasted chicory roots used as an adulterant for coffee Diethylene glycol, used dangerously by some winemakers in sweet wines Apple jellies (jams), as substitutes for more expensive fruit jellies, with added colorant and sometimes even specks of wood that simulate raspberry or strawberry seeds Water, for diluting milk and alcoholic beverages Cutting agents used to adulterate (or "cut") illicit drugs—for example, shoe polish in hashish, amphetamines in ecstasy, lactose in cocaine Urea, melamine and other nonprotein nitrogen sources, added to protein products to inflate crude protein content measurements[1] ...

Words: 1306 - Pages: 6

Food Adulteration

...Introduction: Food adulteration is a growing problem in Bangladesh as large numbers of consumers have become victims of consuming adulterated foods. This problem is becoming acute day by day. It is becoming essential to find out the reasons of food adulteration and how to solve this problem. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has estimated that 45 million people in Bangladesh suffer from food poisoning or some kind of food-borne diseases round the year. Adulteration of food with toxic chemicals harmful to health has reached an epidemic proportion in Bangladesh. The newspapers have out and out conferred it, as the ‘silent killer’. It is now very difficult to find a sector of food industry which is free of adulteration. Experts believe that 76% of foods of our country are adulterated. Alarming increase of adulteration of food commodities create a strong public opinion for combating the ferocity of the offence. The study first identifies what is food adulteration and types of food adulteration. Secondly, the study aims to provide some suggestion for removing this problem. II. What is food Adulteration? Food Adulteration is the act of adding or mixing something harmful, useless and unnecessary substance to food. In other words, any food item may be considered as adulterated if its nature and quality are not up to the standard. As a result of adulteration, food or drink becomes impure and unfit for human consumption. Unscrupulous traders normally adulterate food. In......

Words: 1758 - Pages: 8

The Effects of Food Deprivation

...Effects of Sleep Deprivation in Aviation All living beings possess a built-in, biological alarm clock. This clock is responsible for innumerable bodily functions that are performed during various stages of a day/week/month/year. Examples include bowel movement, digestion, hormone production, menstrual cycle and migration (among birds/animals), to name a few. All these functions follow a particular cyclical pattern. When this process recurs annually, it is known as a circannual rhythm. Similarly, when this process recurs on a daily basis, it is known as a circadian rhythm. The word circadian comes from the Latin words ‘circa diem’, meaning about a day. Circadian rhythms are controlled by a biological clock within our brain. This section of brain is called the 'suprachiasmatic nucleus' (SCN). Signals produced by the SCN travel to different sections of the brain, thus stimulating various functions, such as body temperature, hormone secretion, changes in blood pressure, etc. There are numerous external factors as well, that regulate a circadian rhythm among human beings. These external factors are called zeitgebers (Hawkins & Orlady, 1993). Most common zeitgebers are light and temperature. Others include meal times, various social and physical activities. The most common circadian rhythm known to mankind is the sleep cycle. Sleep is an extremely important physiological phenomenon, during which our body heals and recuperates. Let us begin with understanding what......

Words: 293 - Pages: 2

Effects of Food

...Shaunta Eskridge Word count: 496 What effects does fast food have on personal health and our social psyche? Fast food just the thought of it cringes my soul. I’ve worked in this industry for about five or six years off and on. There is absolutely nothing healthy about the way they store and prepare this food. Some items are boiled in a plastic bag then transferred into a metal pan. Meat patties are charbroiled and stored in sturdy plastic containers and are supposed to be tossed out in fifteen minutes or less, if not used. However from experience I can honestly say some employers demand that you restart that clock and don’t waste their food. By all means this is a lucrative business and they need to profit there is no room for loss profit or food shortages. That’s just a glimpse inside of what went on at my work place. It is at its most just convenience food. The fact that in some homes both parents work or that there are single parent homes; whereas the parent works and doesn’t have the time or patience to prep a home cooked meal and that fast food so to speak is easier to come by. It teaches us impatience we need our food now and it better look just as enticing as the picture. We as a society wonder why our kids love to binge eat on convenience food because we as parents are teaching them this learned behavior. We are so much in a rush that in our minds we just don’t have time to sit and ensure that our children’s health and ours are in jeopardy. We teach our......

Words: 500 - Pages: 2

Effect of Food Adulteration on Human Health

...diet and take regular exercise. We also have to maintain the standard of food. Now-a-days foods are being adulterated by mixing inferior but toxic and poisonous chemicals in it. It may also be done by removing some valuable substances from it. Food adulteration is done to degrade the quality and to increase the quantity for maximizing the profit. Every day we watch in the TV news how the unhygienic and spurious foods are entering into our houses. Adulteration of foods has many effects on individuals as well as on the community health. Description: Food adulteration can cause immediate effect on human health. Diarrhea, dysentery, vomiting are such type of effects. Tamarind and date seed powder mixed with coffee powder can cause diarrhea. Adulteration on bakery items and dairy products may have tremendous effects on a child’s health. Unhygienic meat and meat products can cause food infection usually with fever and chills. These are the immediate effect of food adulteration on public health. Food can be declared adulterated if: a) a substance is added which is injurious to health b) cheaper or inferior quality item added to food c) any valuable constituent is extracted from main food article d) quality of food is below the standards e) any substance has been added to increase bulk or weight f) to make it appear more valuable Adulterated food is dangerous as: a) it may be toxic and effect health; b) it could deprive nutrients required to maintain ......

Words: 501 - Pages: 3

Effects of Fast Food

...The Effects of Fast Food Gaining weight, high cholesterol, increased heart risks, headaches and depression are only a couple of the many effects of eating McDonalds for a month. This is exactly what Morgan Spurlock went through in his documentary, “SuperSize Me”, when he challenged himself to eat nothing but McDonalds for breakfast lunch and dinner while also supersizing his meal whenever asked. The harm done to his body in just one month was shocking. How fatigued he always felt, the vomiting and especially the drastic weight gain were obvious. This just goes to show that fast food is something that Americans do not know enough about when consuming it. Fast food restaurants have become nothing but a negative influence on our lives socially and physically. It has become too available and convenient to a point where Americans would rather eat out and eat for cheap at a fast food chain near them. It is impossible to go somewhere without seeing a fast food place often, that is why people eat it so much. There are currently over 200,000 fast food restaurants in America alone, have we let this go too far? I believe that fast food is the reason for America’s obesity issue because of its availability, cheap prices, and quick service which make people choose the easy way out rather than cook a healthy meal. Some people may argue that, fast food places offer healthier choices like salads and water and people make their own choice to supersize their meal. They say that fast food is......

Words: 2291 - Pages: 10

Food Packaging & Envrronmental Effect

...JFS R: Concise Reviews/Hypotheses in Food Science Food Packaging—Roles, Materials, and Environmental Issues KENNETH MARSH, PH.D., AND BETTY BUGUSU, PH.D. The Institute of Food Technologists has issued this Scientific Status Summary to update readers on food packaging and its impact on the environment. Keywords: food packaging, food processing dvances in food processing and food packaging play a primary role in keeping the U.S. food supply among the safest in the world. Simply stated, packaging maintains the benefits of food processing after the process is complete, enabling foods to travel safely for long distances from their point of origin and still be wholesome at the time of consumption. However, packaging technology must balance food protection with other issues, including energy and material costs, heightened social and environmental consciousness, and strict regulations on pollutants and disposal of municipal solid waste. Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of items commonly thrown away, including packages, food scraps, yard trimmings, and durable items such as refrigerators and computers. Legislative and regulatory efforts to control packaging are based on the mistaken perception that packaging is the major burden of MSW. Instead, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found that approximately only 31% of the MSW generated in 2005 was from packaging-related materials, including glass, metal, plastic, paper, and paperboard—a percentage that has......

Words: 17081 - Pages: 69

Food Adulteration

...Effect of food adulteration on the health of people Abstract of the report: Introduction to Food Adulteration: Adulteration – is a term legally used to define any kind of food product that does not meet the standards set by the centre or the state. The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act states that any substance that may be used for adulteration can be called as an adulterant. • Adulteration could mean any of the below: • Substitution with a cheaper or inferior quality substance – in part or whole • Articles being packaged and kept under conditions that are classified as insanitary • Any food article infested with insects, or consisting of decomposed , rotten or filthy stuff • Substance being obtained from an animal affected from disease • Articles containing poisonous materials • Articles that contain coloring substance that has not been prescribes for use or contains a prescribed coloring substance beyond the prescribed limits • The above point is true for preservatives as well • Quality of an article is not up to the prescribed standards As a part of this report, we intend to explore the effects that food adulteration has on the health and lives of the victims, look at some of the most common forms of food adulteration that takes place in our country as well as around the globe. We will also briefly look at the laws that are in place to protect us from food adulteration and their implications on controlling food adulteration. Another major focus......

Words: 263 - Pages: 2