Effect Rain Has on Baseball

In: English and Literature

Submitted By galexander7
Words 1095
Pages 5
English 1010
11 April 2015
The Effect Rain Has on Baseball There is no place in the world I would rather be than on a baseball field. Nothing is more exciting to me than when baseball season rolls around. With a new season of baseball comes a new season of weather, and with a new season of weather, comes rain. Rain can put a damper on baseball in many different ways. There is nothing more disheartening to a baseball player, coach, team, or even groundskeeper than rain. Peter Morris writes, “A groundskeeper always works with one eye to the heavens, knowing that rain could erase every trace of that day’s efforts and that flooding could obliterate the work of many weeks and months” (53). With this in mind, let us take a look at the effect rain has on Major League Baseball during baseball season. Rain has always had an effect on baseball, even as far back as 1845 when baseball began in the United States. Peter Morris writes that baseball teams, back then, were nearly bankrupt before they ever took the field. If rain set in, they were immediately plunged into debt (53). Team owners were profoundly aware of rain and would do anything feasible to steer clear of losing a game to rain. Peter Morris stated:
The ever-present threat of flooding made club owners extremely reluctant to invest money in ballparks. So the burden fell on groundskeepers to create a ballpark that satisfied the demands of ballplayers, club owners, and spectators. At the same time, they were given only the most minimal resources with which to work. With the financial stakes so high, by the late nineteenth century baseball groundskeepers were increasingly focusing their attentions on preventing flooding. (54)
Groundskeepers were completely in charge of building baseball fields. Known as a baseball diamond, the layout was set in stone with an infield and outfield as we know it today.…...

Similar Documents

Cause of American Poverty and the Effects It Has on Children

...Running head: CAUSE OF AMERICAN POVERTY AND THE EFFECTS IT HAS ON CHILDREN 1 Cause of American Poverty and the Effects It Has on Children Daphney Pratcher Strayer University English 115 Cause of American Poverty and the Effects It Has on Children 2 Poverty is the lack of basic human need, such as fresh water, nutrient, health care, education, clothing, and shelter, because of the inability to afford them. Is there Poverty in America? One of the richest countries in the world? Yes, poverty is a reality in America; the causes of poverty involve issues related to economics and education coupled with abuses in governance and lack of opportunity. Poverty in American has grown tragically. It is a spreading national scourge among all races and even more so in center cities, rural areas, and on Indian reservations. There are several causes for American poverty and this affects our children. One of the most common misconceptions is the assumption that if someone is hungry, that means they do not have a job and are living on the streets. What most people don’t understand is that anyone can experience hunger. It is a silent epidemic that affects millions of Americans. Many jobs have laid people off and this has caused poverty to rise. Millions more are surviving only because of expanded unemployment insurance and other assistance. One way embattled Americans have gotten by is sharing homes with......

Words: 744 - Pages: 3

E-Wom Has Effect on Purchase Intention

...5 1.1 INTRODUCTION 5 1.2 TOPIC OF INTEREST 6 1.3 RATIONALE OF STUDY 7 1.4 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 7 1.5 PURPOSE OF STUDY 8 1.6 METHODOLOGY 8 1.7 RESEARCH DESIGN AND DATA ANALYSIS 8 1.8 LIMITATION 9 1.9 SCOPE OF RESEARCH 9 CHAPTER 2 10 LITERATURE REVIEW 10 2.1 INTRODUCTION 10 2.2 THEORIES 10 2.2.1 Effects of Electronic Word-of-Mouth 10 2.2.2 Observation Learning 11 2.2.3 Influence of Trust on Purchase Intention 13 2.2.4 Source of Information 14 CHAPTER 3 15 THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK 15 3.1 THEORETICAL BACKGROUND 15 3.2 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK 21 3.2.1 Explanation of Conceptual Framework 22 3.3 HYPOTHESES 24 CHAPTER 4 26 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 26 4.1 RESEARCH METHODS 26 4.2 POPULATION OF STUDY 26 4.3 SAMPLING UNIT 27 4.4 SAMPLE SIZE 27 4.5 RESEARCH INSTRUMENT 27 CHAPTER 5 28 DATA ANALYSIS 28 5.1 INTRODUCTION 28 5.2 INTERPRETATION OF DATA 28 5.2.1 Descriptive Analysis 28 5.2.2 Hypothesis Testing 37 CHAPTER 6 43 CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATION 43 Future Studies 45 REFERENCES 46 Questionnaire 48 ABSTRACT This report is a part of an individual research project which has been conducted in terms of finding some results. The report is a detailed presentation of the entire research including all elements, from beginning to the end. The principle for this research is collection of statistical data, and the research should be a marketing research. Particularly for this......

Words: 9242 - Pages: 37

Drugs and the Effects It Has on Others

...Drugs & The Effects It Has On Others Almost everyone has experienced drugs in his or her life, be it a friend, a family member, or the individual. Drugs can be damaging to a person’s character and cause many problems. For me, I experienced drugs through my parents; they started at a young age and experienced the disease of addiction. The consequences of their disease hindered themselves as well as their family members. For my father, it was death and luckily for my mom, things turned out better being that she is now 23 years clean and is able to be a great parent/ role model for me. Some effects caused by drug use are physical consequences, the effect on others, and the withdrawing process. Drug abuse can be detrimental to not only the user, but also the people around them; drug abuse is a disease and it can lead to serious consequences in a person’s life. The physical consequences of drug are destructive! The use of drugs messes up our body as a whole and causes negative effects such as body odor, tooth decay, weight loss, weight gain, and even high blood pressure. An analysis of data from the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse between 1979-2002 (now the National Survey on Drug Use and Health) estimated that 590,000 young adults aged 18–29 had ever injected drugs. (Aids.gov, 2013) Because addicts are not mindful of the risks being that they are in their disease, they are careless of the precautions that should be taken when sharing / passing around......

Words: 1395 - Pages: 6

Zero Tolerance and the Effect It Has on Criminal Domestic Violence

...DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 1 Zero Tolerance and the Effect it has on Criminal Domestic Violence Veronica Johnson Criminal Procedures CJ-340 Limestone College Zero Tolerance for Criminal Domestic Violence 2 Criminal Domestic Violence is defined as causing physical harm or injury to a person’s own household member, or offering or attempting to cause physical harm or injury to a person’s household member with apparent present ability under circumstance reasonably creating fear or imminent peril. Household member is defined as a spouse, a former spouse, parent, persons who have a child in common, or a male and female who lives with you or lived with you (snell, 2011). There is crime of criminal domestic violence of a high and aggravated nature, which carries enhanced penalties for cases with severe injury. Attorney General Henry McMaster has named criminal domestic violence (CDV) as the number one crime problem in South Carolina. The attorney general website now states that there are 36,000 domestic violence incidents reported each year, and that in the past eight years, an average of 38 women have been killed each year as a result of violence in South Carolina. The legislature has increased the penalties for CDV in past years. First offense, no prior CDV conviction in 10 years It’s a misdemeanor, up to 30......

Words: 1621 - Pages: 7

Deserts and the Effects It Has on Society

...Food Deserts-The Impact Food Deserts Have on Today’s Society Abstract Food Deserts is defined as large and isolated geographic areas in which mainstream grocery stores are absent or distant. The research has demonstrated the statistical link between Food Deserts and worse diet-related health outcomes, after controlling other key factors. The actual term ‘food deserts’ is quoted, by S. CUMMINS (British Medical Journal, 2002, Vol.325, p.436), as having been originally used by a resident of a public sector housing scheme in the west of Scotland in the early 1990s. There are several ways to look at food deserts. 1). low- Income Project 2). The independent. 3). The observer 4). The guardian. This research paper will elaborate on the ways foods deserts are defined and what affect it has on the health and well being of cultural families and communities. Table of Contents Page Abstract …………………………………………………………………………………………...2 Table of Contents ………………………………………………………………………………....3 Chapter One Context of the Problem ……………………………………………………………………......5-10 Statement of the Problem ……………………………………………………………………10-16 Research Questions ……………………………………………………………………………...16 Significance of the Study ……………………………………………………………………16-19 Objective of Study …………………………………………………………………………...19-20 Research Design and Methodology ……………………………………………………………..20 Materials ………………………………………………………………………………………...20 Organization of the Study………………………………………………………………………..21 Limitation......

Words: 14390 - Pages: 58

Internet Has No Globalisation Effect

...Position: Internet has no globalisation effect Argument 1 • The difference between well developed and less developed countries • Developed countries offer the most information and develop the internet, where is a gap to developing countries gets wider • Developed countries need to invest to be on a competitive basis to attend the internet revolution and therefore an cultural and economic change • Internet use is restricted to urban elites http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2008/06/images/picture3.gif http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2008/06/images/picture3.gif Argument 2 • The internet is just virtual and not corresponding to real world counterparts (cf. Hafez 2007) • The internet has failed to “…fundamentally open and democratized media systems across the world”. (Hafez 2007) http://c479107.ssl.cf2.rackcdn.com/files/13117/area14mp/9jmd4bq8-1342613644.jpg Argument 3 • No authenticy for knowledge on the internet http://25.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_mbibrtTCvz1qlpjkuo1_500.jpg http://andreasjungherr.net/wpcontent/uploads/2010/12/Abbildung-1-Anteile-derBundestagsparteien-und-der-Piratenpartei-an-denStimmen-und-Twitternennungen.png http://stats.wikimedia.org/GeoTaggedArticles.jpg Argument 4 • English as universal language is decreasing, web content gets increasingly multilingual http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Er5gCBHESRE/UZPwCVuCvEI/AAAAAAAAI4k/0pCuA60RDYE/s1600/tumblr_mmqvy6CVA91s6bw99o1_1280.png http://i.livescience.c...

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

The Effect Climate Change Has on a Species

...Bio-100-131 17 July 2013 The Effect Climate Change has on a Species As Earth’s climate cycles between warm and cool periods, species often must move to stay within suitable conditions. Scientists have now mapped how fast species have had to migrate in the past to keep up with changing climate. They found that small-ranged species – which constitute much of Earth’s biodiversity – are concentrated in regions where little migration has been required (Science daily). With people activities and habits, are changing their climates at an extremely fast past. What happens if a species cannot migrate as fast as it must to keep up with the velocity of climate change? Its range may shrink and, in some cases, the species may go extinct (Science daily). This research provides the first evidence that past regional climate shifts interact with local topography and species dispersal abilities with long-lasting important consequences for the global distribution of biodiversity (Science daily). Earth’s climate 21,000 years ago was much colder than it is today, this caused many of the species that are still found today to occupy different areas than they do now. In northern Europe, for example, many of the species found today are relatively recent arrivals from their refuges in southern Europe (Science daily). Many regions to include most of Africa and parts of the Amazon are going some of the leading places that are going through the most increased climate-change. These areas are......

Words: 452 - Pages: 2

Gestational Diabetes and the Effects It Has on Mothers and Neonates

...Case study – Gestational Diabetes and the effects it has on mothers and neonates As midwifery becomes more complicated and the numbers of women becoming pregnant, who present with or develop medical conditions which can impact on the health of themselves and their babies increases; it is important midwives are knowledgeable in order to recognise and help manage the risks and complications that may arise as a result of these conditions. Furthermore able to discuss these risks with expectant mothers and their families, to ensure women are able to make informed decisions about care which they receive, even if choices available to them are restricted as a result of the condition which they are suffering from. For this case study I have decided to explore diabetes and the affects it has on care mothers and their babies require antenatally, during the intrapartum period and postnatally. As 87.5% of pregnancies affected by diabetes are due to the development of gestational diabetes (NICE,2008) and therefore the most common type, I have decided to focus on gestational diabetes, although many of the guidelines put in place are similar when caring for women who have diabetes prior to becoming pregnant. With no previous medical experience prior to embarking on my midwifery degree, I had limited knowledge of gestational diabetes and the impact it can have on women physically and emotionally; especially if left undiagnosed or the care they receive is lacking. I wanted to gain a......

Words: 1973 - Pages: 8

The Effect Child Abuse Has on Families

...The Effect Child Abuse has on Families Penelope Murray Concordia University Human Development Dr Adkins Professional working in a family agency who has been assigned a family which consist of husband, wife and three children. The family obtains guardianship of a 5 year’s old little boy who has been physically abused, and living in the home where drug and alcohol were present. As the professional I would introduce myself to the family, and ask the parents to briefly explain the reason for their visit. Explain to the guardians that the parents still have legal rights, and could ask for legal contact with the child. Inform them that guardianship could be ended by the court if parents become able to take care of the child. I would have the parents sign a consent stating I, (we), __________________________________________________________, agree to participate in the family assessment. I/We understand that the family assessment is designed to determine the resources, priorities and concerns of my/our family related to the enhancement of my/our child’s health and development. I/We understand that all information obtained during the family assessment will remain confidential and will only be shared with appropriate Family Agency staff for the purpose of referrals. The DSS worker would be the person to set up resources such as therapy for the child, money to take care of the child, Guardian at Litem who is the voice for the child. ......

Words: 957 - Pages: 4

Effects Facebook Has on Relationships

...The Affects Facebook Has on Romantic Relationships Over the last decade social media has exploded in our society. Almost everyone has been affected in some way by smart phones, Internet, streaming videos, and social networking sites. Facebook.com is the top visited site in the United States, Europe, and Asia. There are just under 1 billion users subscribed to Facebook (Pring, 2010). This research paper will look into how Facebook affects romantic relationships. We as a society have incorporated so much of our daily lives to correspond with Facebook. For the people that use Facebook daily, it is inevitable that Facebook will have a negative affect on their romantic relationships. There are many reasons why people would use Facebook daily. Many people use it as a way to keep in contact with family and friends around the world, for sharing interests and keeping up to date with their surroundings or events going on around them. Many people in some way are interested in someone on their friends list or may be friends with someone that they would like to impress (i.e. an ex partner, family members, coworkers or “the one that got away”). Because there is that ‘audience’ through Facebook, almost everyone who uses Facebook puts his or her “best foot forward” so to speak. People don’t want to air out their dirty laundry in front of family and friends so people are sure to post the best of themselves from their quirks to exciting pictures. It’s in human nature to want to present...

Words: 2109 - Pages: 9

The Effect Tv Has on Its Users

...The Effect TV Has On Its Viewers In Dana Stevens’ article, “Thinking Outside the Idiot Box,” she summarizes Steven Johnson’s argument that “Watching TV Makes You Smarter.” Johnson argues that understanding the complexity of today’s TV shows makes viewers smarter. Stevens disagrees with Johnson’s statement saying, “watching TV teaches you to watch more TV”(296). Both authors discuss the issue of television and its impact on viewers’ intelligence; they share a common topic but utilize very different literary elements. Stevens and Johnson both employ different tones, themes, and dialogue to prove their arguments on the effect that TV has on its viewers. While both authors discuss a similar topic, they utilize different themes. These themes are made clear through the examples that both authors incorporate. In Johnson’s article he uses examples from popular TV shows such as 24, The West Wing, and E.R. He uses 24 as an example of how we use our brain in order to navigate through the intricate information and grasp the important concepts in order to make sense of an episode. Another example that Johnson shows us is the dialogue between characters on shows like E.R and The West Wing that do not talk down to its audience. “ The characters talk faster in these shows”(287) and use much more scientifically language which most viewers do not understand. This complex language requires the viewer to pay closer attention to the context in order to make sense of the words being spoken....

Words: 1083 - Pages: 5

Effect Personal Selling Has on Our Offering

...EFFECT PERSONAL SELLING HAS ON OUR OFFERING Name Instructor Institution Date Initial Budget Plan Covenant House just like any other charity organization continually wrestle with improving and maintaining their operations of ensuring that homeless youths are housed, fed, educated and socially protected from harm. Since Covenant House is a non-profit organization, the sources of revenue are purely from grants and donations. This calls for proper management of these funds as the expenditure tends to exceed revenue. Therefore, the organization constantly strives for sustainability in ensuring that the homeless youths are safe. The major expenditures for this organization is on costs of educating the youths, providing food and shelter to them, community participation and the general administration costs. This is why there is need to have a well-planned budget that focuses on the major roles, objectives and key goals of the organization. According to Covenant House plan, funds to run the organization will be received from the sale of the organization’s logo items, contribution from the general public, grants and donations from sponsors and well-wishers. The funds will account for payment of organization’s programs and missions across the United States and Central America. The initial budget planning for Covenant House involves the selection of a budget committee from volunteers. The volunteers have to be members of the organization and be familiar with the......

Words: 1639 - Pages: 7

The Integration of Baseball and Its Effect on Social Movements

...The Integration of Baseball & its Effect on Social Movements The integration of baseball during 1947-1959 was a time period where barriers were broken resulting in positive social changes that would alleviate class conflicts. Social changes through integration of baseball helped the Civil Rights movements although its major impacts weren’t made until the late 1960s. Baseball players were praised within the sport of baseball; however, their social status still remained the same. What was the impact of the integration of baseball on the Civil Rights movement and the social status of African Americans? These players did great things to help change the game of baseball, but were not respected by majority of their peers. The challenges that did players had to face were ridiculous. Recognized as superstars on the field, baseball players like Jackie Robinson were looked down upon by society because of their skin color. Therefore, the effects of baseball integration on society was crucial for the Civils Rights movement, but its impact was limited at best for individual baseball players and for the collective African American society since their social status as a whole remained the same. This would lead to residual class conflicts. Even the process of baseball integration was not smooth as some teams embraced integration for various reasons such as competitive advantage or box office potential, but others such as the American League’s old guard faced public pressure to limit the......

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

Effects That Music Has on the Body

...How we hear and the Effects that Music has on the Body, Mind and Emotions. By Ryan Determan Introduction A. Music is the most universal language do to the sounds and beats that can be created and passed on to different people and cultures. B. These sounds and beats that we call music has a substantial influence on our minds and bodies. C. Different kinds of music effect people differently like some kinds of music are calming to the body and mind; while other kinds, excite the body and mind. D. Not only are we affected by the beats and melodies of the music but also the lyrics that are sung. E. In order for me to explain the effects of music on both the mind and body I will use examples of cause and effect and viewpoints of people conducted on surveys including different perspectives. Body, mind and why How we interpret or hear sounds 1. In order for us to understand what music is we have to find out what is music and how we hear it. 2. When we hear something, it starts in the form of an air presser wave. a. Then it hits the outer ear where its funneled into the ear canal where it reaches and vibrates the ear drum; from there the presser wave energy is transformed into mechanical energy into the middle of the ear where it vibrates three very small bones simultaneously these bones are called the Ossicles. "These bones create different unique movements that embodies the frequencies that embodies the frequencies...

Words: 1333 - Pages: 6

Prison Overcrowding: the Effect It Has on Prison Inmates

...overcrowding and the negative effects it has on inmates. Prison overcrowding causes the inmates to become more aggressive, results in lack of resources, and lastly, it creates an unsanitary environment for staff and inmates. The inmates are idle for extensive periods of time and being confined to tight living quarters, all this restrained energy may lead to an increase in violence on the staff and other inmates.   Prison Overcrowding: The Effect It Has On Prison Inmates According to the 2009 Bureau of Justice Statistics, they were 7,225,800 offenders under correctional supervision at the end of 2009. Correctional supervision refers to adults supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prisons and local jails (Glaze, 2010). Prison overcrowding has become a major concern in recent years and is considered one of the biggest problems faced by the American prison system. It causes harmful effects and consequences for the inmates and prison staff and it is an unpleasant and uncomfortable situation for everyone and is considered a current crisis in America. Overcrowding does not only affect the inmates and the prison staff, but it also affects our economy, the American people, and our lives. Prison overcrowding has several major effects on the daily environment of inmates such as an increase, in violence, lack of resources, and health and sanitary issues. Increase in Violence The first major effect of prison overcrowding......

Words: 1445 - Pages: 6