Ecosystems: Tropical Rainforests

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ECOSYSTEMS: TROPICAL RAINFORESTS
Kyle Faulkner
AIU Online
Environmental Science
Laura Stepp
March 25, 2012

Abstract
This article focuses on the rainforest’s and its structure, both biotic and abiotic and the the cycles that gives us the ability to live on this Earth.

There are a several different types of biomes that cover the vast surface of our planet, but one in particular is very important. The Tropical Rainforest can be described as a forest of tall trees that is located in areas that receive year-round warmth. 50 to 250 inches of rain fall on these areas on average and almost all Rain Forest are located in the equator region. Tropical Rainforest are extremely important because of the oxygen that they provide to our planet, about 40% and the types of plants that have cured diseases and have helped fight ailments. Sadly, only about 6% remains of the world’s tropical forest due to deforestation (Rainforestsos.org, 2012) Scientists estimate that over half of the world’s species inhabit the Rain Forest and this is why it is so import that this biome remains intact and preserved. The Amazon Rain Forest and the Rainforests in Costa Rica are examples of the biome that shelter thousands of plan t and animals species that have just as much of a right to be on Earth as we do.
The structure of the Tropical Rainforest has many layer that shelter both biotic and abiotic forms. The emergent layer is at the very top, even above the canopy and is home to birds, insects, snakes and monkeys. The next layer is the canopy where the trees leaves at the tops are tightly bound together and compete for sunlight. Here they take in carbon dioxide from the air and turn it into food through the process of photosynthesis. It’s estimated that 70-90% of rainforest life lives in the canopy. The understory layer is place that receives very little sunlight and is home to smaller…...

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