Dual Diagnosis

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By blessedmomx3
Words 1340
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Dual Diagnosis
Jana Hall
Liberty University

Abstract There is so much yet to be learned by researchers in regards to understanding the intertwining connections between mental illness and substance use disorders. This essay is barely scratching the surface in describing the complexity of the two. In order to know how to treat an individual who exhibits symptoms of both a substance use disorder and a mental illness, it must first be determined which came first, the mental illness that lead to the substance use disorder or the SUD which exacerbated the underlying mental illness. I’m sure you have heard the saying, ‘Which came first, the chicken or the egg?’ Well, this seems to be the dilemma for the experts in their respective fields of study in determining the most effective form of treatment for those who have been given a dual diagnosis. Unfortunately, individuals who have this diagnosis have become the norm in today’s day, rather than the exception.

Dual Diagnosis It was widely believed at one time that substance use disorders and mental illness were seldom found in an individual. Since that time, it has been discovered, through epidemiological studies done on individuals who struggle with both mental illness and substance use disorder, that this is not true. A majority of those diagnosed with a mental illness also concurrently have a substance use disorder (Doweiko, 2015). ). Some of the mental illnesses that are challenging mental health professionals today are Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Bipolar Affective Disorders, Schizophrenia, and Depression. Treating an individual with both a mental illness and a substance use disorder is very complicated. The reason for this complexity is due to the fact that symptoms of a mental illness can be replicated by substance abuse, thus making the process…...

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