Do Work

In: Other Topics

Submitted By patrickscott
Words 3764
Pages 16
Portfolio of Child Observations | 1

The Brief: Observation report instructions: carry out three observations of the same child, one must be timed, one written and the other your own choice. In all the observations you must look at the child's physical, language, and social skills and ultimately their overall cognitive development. The report must be written up in the format: abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion and analysis. In the discussion and analysis you must tie together what you have observed with the theory of what would be expected of a child of the appropriate age. The report must contain the following: Abstract: where you outline briefly what you did and why, what you found and the recommendations, Introduction: include information about the child observed, discuss the reasons for observing, assessing young children, ethical considerations, the use of norms, cultural bias etc. Methods: where you explain the methods used, reasons for choice, limitations, strengths and weaknesses. Results: evaluate the child's holistic development, list the three areas of development, physical, social and language, discuss the links between these areas,

refer to the stages of development and child development theory in making your judgments. Discussion: summarize your findings, make recommendations for the child's learning and development. Bibliography Overall: mention why is it important to observe young children, what might the information be used for? What rights does the child have when being observed.

Abstract
Observation is a popular research tool that is used to study the behaviour of children; renowned theorists such as Vygotsky, Piaget, and many more child physiologists have used this tool for their research, allowing them to come up with significant insights, resulting in theories that continue to influence psychology and education today.…...

Similar Documents

Do Human Energy Affects the Work Performance of an Employee?

...Summary of the Issue This article describes how human energy affects the work performance of an employee and how individuals sustain their energy during work. Common strategies used and related to increasing vitality and reducing fatigue were also discussed in the article. With low ability to sustain their energy over a long period of time, it might leads to consistent low-level of performance from the employee, which is not the interest of any organizations. This article brought up what organization can do to aid their employees to achieve full capacity in term of replenishing energy and removing hindering factors. In addition, it states that it is more common for individuals to use work-related strategies as compared to micro-breaks to be efficient in managing their energy. Hence, we will discuss in the report the reliability of the studies conducted. Theoretical Perspectives The effort-recovery model (Drenth, Thierry & De Wolff, 2001) states that human energy can be restored if an individual has attained the correct factors that help in recovery which includes disengaging from the activities that are straining. This brings about the perspectives that the employees might be facing difficulties in attaining full recovery from fatigue during work as they face working long hours and bringing work related stuff in their leisure time. Based on the five level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs (Maslow, 1970), the most fundamental level of the pyramid consists of the basic......

Words: 1077 - Pages: 5

Why Do Poverty Reduction Programmes Tend Not to Work Out as Intended?

...Why do Poverty Reduction Programmes tend not to work out as intended? Discuss in relation to either i) states or ii) civil society organisations (NGOs or social movements or both). Introduction Mass poverty is the single most important economic and social issue on our planet today (Downer, 1997). ‘Poverty’ is a multidimensional concept involving the inability of people to meet their economic, social and other standards of well-being (OECD, 2001). Over the years a number of institutional approaches have been used to ensure the eradication of poverty from the society (Sarker and Rahman, 2006). One of these efforts is through a poverty reduction strategy. According to Barder (2009) ‘Poverty reduction’ is often described as the promotion of economic growth that will permanently lift as many people as possible over the poverty line. This line is defined as ‘the income levels below which people are defined as poor’ (World Banks, 2004). However, making poverty reduction strategies work has proven a much bigger challenge regardless of the fact that many efforts have been made towards alleviating it. Downer (1997) argues that the provision of opportunity for people to meet their basic needs has become the greatest challenge to most countries. Why then do poverty reduction programmes tend not to work out as intended? Pellissery (2005) points out that in developing economies, public authorities who are responsible for designing and implementing anti-poverty interventions are not......

Words: 3393 - Pages: 14

How Do Referendums Work in the Uk

...or ‘no’ answer by marking a box on a ballot paper. Referendum on the alternative vote On 5 May 2011, voters in the UK were asked to take part in a referendum to decide whether they wanted to change the way we vote in general elections. They had a choice between the first past the post system, which was already in use, and the alternative vote. You can find out how both of these systems work by visiting our interactive whiteboard on elections and voting, and selecting 'Compare the vote' from the main menu. The Liberal Democrats and Conservatives agreed to hold this referendum as part of the coalition agreement – their decision to form a government together. 68% of the voters who took part in the referendum chose to keep using the first past the post system and 32% wanted to change to the alternative vote. As a result, first past the post will continue to be used in UK general elections.   Other referendums in the UK Before the alternative vote referendum, only one nationwide referendum had taken place in the UK. This was in 1975 when the British Prime Minister Harold Wilson asked voters ‘Do you think the UK should stay in the European Community (Common Market)?’ (The Common Market has since grown into the European Union.) 67% of voters answered ‘yes’ and the UK is still part of the European Union today. Several referendums have also been held in particular regions of the UK such as Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. For example, in 1997, voters in Scotland were asked......

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

How Do Brain Work?

...Nama : Made Adeline Saraswati Kirana NIM : 03420100084 CARA KERJA OTAK DAN BAGAIMANA MENJADI PINTAR Pernahkan anda bertanya bagaimana cara kerja otak? Bagaimana otak menyesuaikan dengan keadaan sekitar? Bagaimana para atlit melakukan gerakan akrobatik? Dan bagaimana seorang anak pemalas meningkatkan tingkat konsentrasinya terhadap buku dan pelajaran? Kita akan belajar bagaimana otak bekerja dan cara menggunakannya. Pertama mari kita lihat seorang ibu rumah tangga yang bernama Allison. Dia menikah pada umur 20 tahun dan dikaruniai tiga anak. Menurutnya saat paling berkesan dalam hidupnya adalah saat melahirkan. Oleh karena itu, di usianya yang 40 tahun, dia kembali ke bangku kuliah dan belajar menjadi bidan. Ia pun berhasil karena keinginannya menjadi bagian dari saat terpenting tiap wanita yaitu melahirkan. Saat kita belajar hal baru, otak kita akan mengirim sinyal yang harus melompati sebuah celah yang disebut celah sinaps. Pertama kali sinyal otak melakukan lompatan, akan terasa sangat sulit. Tetapi yang kedua kalinya akan lebih mudah dari yang pertama, dan begitu seterusnya. Perumpamaanya seperti saat kita menyeberang jurang. Inilah yang dilakukan Allison, dia terus mecoba dan berlatih menjadi bidan yang baik. Elliot adalah seorang anak yang tidak memiliki ketertarikan terhadap pelajaran dan tingkat konsentrasinya rendah. Dia lebih memilih menonton tv seharian dan tidak pernah belajar. Kemudian Elliot terpilih dalam uji coba riset yang dilakukan oleh......

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Why Do People Do Volunteer Work

... HRPYC81 PROJECT 4809 Assignment 2 What motivates people to do volunteer work? MJ SCRIVEN TABLE OF CONTENTS LITERATURE REVIEW There are almost as many reasons for getting involved in volunteer work as there are volunteers. Once people get started, they find that their deepest rewards are ones they didn't expect when they first came looking for a volunteer assignment. Participants entered the volunteer world through ads in the paper, articles in the media and invitations by friends. They wanted to get involved in a new community, they overheard someone talking about a need or they just wanted to be active. Some wanted to repay a perceived debt to society and others took up volunteer work as part of a major reassessment of their lives and priorities. They came looking for a better balance in their lives, a learning experience, something to do with their time after retirement or something to add to their skills and their resumes. A good number had a stake in the organization where they were helping. This might be a friend or relative with a disability or a disease or the expectation that they themselves might someday need the service. “The idea that an individual would make significant personal sacrifices for another person, particularly when that person is a stranger, has long fascinated students of social behaviour” (Clary et al. 1998: 1516). “Volunteerism may be defined as contributing one's time or talents for charitable, educational, social,......

Words: 5911 - Pages: 24

Why Fad Diets Do Not Work

...Why Fad Diets Do Not Work Prewriting What is your narrowed topic? Be detailed in your answer. You can use any of the versions you’ve developed for prior assignments. When I was overweight, lost, and had no one to turn to-I chose to fad diet that millions of people swear by…right? Fad diets are nothing more than cash grab until it burns out and another one takes its place in the limelight. There are a ton of uneducated people out there that see these fad diets on television and are convinced that they will work wonders to improve their weight. These people are so focused on losing the weight that they do not care if it jeopardizes their health. Yes, you read it correctly-fad diets can be harmful to your health! I hope to help take a stand against fad dieting and hopefully open the eyes of many people who choose to look the other way when it comes to this type of dieting. Who is your primary audience or reader? Why? Be detailed in your answer about your audience. My primary audience is those who want to be educated and stop wasting money on things that do not work. My secondary audience is my Professor and classmates, some whom may have experienced failure with a fad diet. Finally, my last audience would be one that shares my opinions and values and will likely be on my side. In a sentence or short paragraph, what is your thesis statement, including your angle? Write what will appear in your essay. My point is that Fad diets do not work because of the dynamic that...

Words: 2152 - Pages: 9

Is It More Important to Do Work That One Finds Fulfilling or Work That Pays Well?

...Is it more important to do work that one finds fulfilling or work that pays well? People have different thoughts about what work they would want to choose, and two of the many categories which affect the choice are the money they can earn and how much they fulfill by working for the job. But, it is more important to do work that one finds fulfilling than doing work that pays well.            Firstly, working for something that someone finds fulfilling will give the person to have less stress from work than working for something that pays well. For an example, if a person does works at a place he does not want to work at, but is working for it to get large amounts of money, he is going to get stressed out because he will not know why he is really working for the job apart from the fact that he is going to get more money. On the other hand, if a person works for something that he finds fulfilling, he knows why he is working for it, and will feel more content and happy about it.            Secondly, working for something that someone finds fulfilling gives more chances to the person compared to a person who works for something that pays well. For example, if a person likes doing something, he will get excited about it, which will boost up his capabilities and skills, and help him succeed in getting a higher position, or get more things out from the job. But, if a person works for something just to get more money, he will dislike the things he is doing compared to the person...

Words: 429 - Pages: 2

Do Your Own Work!!!!!

...responsibility you will be entrusted with and the further you will go in your career. As instructors, we have all been told by students that, “I can do this and listen at the same time!” or “I already know this, so I’m bored,” or “I don’t need to know this for my future career, so I don’t need to pay attention.” The bottom line is not listening is not fair to everyone, including yourself, and here’s why: 1. As teachers, we need to know if you’re really listening. The only way we can do that is if we can see your face and your reaction to what we’re saying. 2. While you may believe you can “multi task” and do something else during a lecture, the truth is many students do not do it well and they miss hearing something important. Also, they often wind up being a distraction to those around them. 3. You show a lack of respect for your instructor and your classmates. The time an instructor must spend getting your attention back, as well as refocusing everyone’s attention on the class is time wasted by the instructor as it means less teaching and learning for everyone. It is stealing time and education, which you are all paying for! 4. If people are not fully listening, more repetition is necessary. This not only causes the instructor to work harder and take longer to finish what s/he has to say, but it is rude to those who are listening and have already heard what was said. The more an......

Words: 858 - Pages: 4

Contracts, What Are They? How Do They Work?

...How Do They Work? BUS311 Business Law I 12/17/2012 Abstract In this paper, I will reflect on the operation of contracts. Business law shows how contracts may be classified in several ways depending on the manner in which they are created, expressed, or performed. I have learned a lot from this course and I will use that to help write this paper. In the following paper I will discuss the oral or written contracts; I will discuss express or implied contracts, and will discuss formal or simple contracts. I will also discuss the impact of the contracts in a business and show the true propose of contracts. I will show what is needed in a contract to be legally enforceable. I will discuss how a contract must contain the following six elements: an offer and acceptances, a mutual agreement, a consideration, a competent parties, and legality of purpose, and proper form. All of this will be discussed in depth in the following paper. Contracts Within Business Even though the operation of contracts, business law show how contracts may be classified in several ways depending on the manner in which they are created, expressed, or performed. These includes: either oral or written; it may be express or implied; and it may be formal or simple. A contract is a legally enforceable agreement that is created when two or more people agree to perform or to avoid performing certain acts that they have a legal right to do and...

Words: 2537 - Pages: 11

Why Do People Do Volunteer Work-Research Proposal

...currently an honours student in Psychology at the University of South Africa (UNISA) and as such I have a special interest in the factors which motivate the behaviour of different individuals. As part of my honours course work I am required to complete a research project, which is to be submitted to my peers for review. My research topic for my course work is “Why do people do volunteer work?” Since this research topic could potentially aid the ministry in better understanding how to attract and retain volunteers it seems appropriate to propose and request permission to complete this research project on behalf of the ministry. I therefore herewith include my research proposal. I hope to hear from you soon. Kind regards, Candice Keen 5 Disa Street Morningside Ext 2 2196 Page 2 Sandton Why volunteer? The experiences and motivations of church volunteers. Research Project Overview and Purpose Volunteers are a vital part of how a church or ministry meets the needs of the community in which it operates. The local pastor is unlikely to have all the skills necessary to run the church effectively and efficiently. Nor is he/she likely to have the funds available to employ someone with the requisite skills level. A great deal of what churches do requires human resources. These resources usually come from those in the congregation who are willing to give of their time and skills without compensation. In other words, this gap is filled......

Words: 2061 - Pages: 9

They Want to Do Their Best Work

...as Brazil, Russia, India, and China, or to outsource work to these countries. Global population growth differs greatly between developed and developing countries. In the developed countries, USA, EU, and Japan, the current annual rate of growth is less than 0.3 per cent, while in the rest of the world the population is increasing almost six times as fast. According to McKinsey Global Institute, there are approximately 33 million potential professionals in emerging markets and they are growing very quickly. The stock of suitable, young professional talent in emerging markets is growing at 5.5 per cent annually, while the number in developed countries is growing at just 1 per cent annually (McKinsey Global Institute, 2005 - II). The total number of university-educated workers in low-wage countries far exceeds the number for higher wage countries. Currently, India produces as many young engineers as the United States, and China produces more than twice as many. Russia produces 10 times as many finance and accounting professionals as Germany. According to the International Organization for Migration, there were an estimated 214 million international migrants in the world in 2010, and fifty-seven per cent of all migrants live in high-income countries (World Migration Report, 2010). The number of migrants is likely to grow exponentially in the coming years. Furthermore, the migration of workers and outsourcing of work would not be limited to unidirectional flow......

Words: 4640 - Pages: 19

Why Do People Work

...Why do people work? That’s the single most important question in the field of management. How you answer it can tell volumes about your management style. The most common answer is: “Because they have to.” If you believe that, you are likely to favor tactics like punch clocks, close supervision and constant nagging, minimizing any opportunity for your workers to shun their work. Another common answer is: “For the money.” That one leads you to intricate financial arrangements, attempting to tie each worker’s pay to his or her output, and providing an array of monetary incentives for extra effort. But the truth is, we all know people who pour themselves into work that they don’t have to do. And we’re all familiar with the volunteer who works harder than the paid staff, or the “dollar-a-year” executive who seldom goes home to sleep. For most of us, even a modest amount of self-examination will reveal that “because we have to” or “for the money” are, at best, only partial answers to the very complex question of why we work. Gaining a better understanding of what motivates people will make you a better manager. It will help you get the most out of those who work for you. The classic text on this subject is “The Human Side of Enterprise,” published in 1960 by Douglas McGregor, a founding faculty member of MIT’s Sloan School of Management. Mr. McGregor’s book argued that behind the decisions and actions of every manager are a series of assumptions about human behavior. Most......

Words: 1119 - Pages: 5

Do Prisons Work

...Do Prisons Work? Can Individuals be Reformed or Rehabilitated through Incarceration and Treatment Programs. Critically examine the Current Treatment Programs offered and Subsequent Impact on Recidivism upon Individuals being released globally and WA specifically. This study will examine the effectiveness of current prison treatment programs in Australia, New Zealand, South East Asia, United States of America in rehabilitating or reforming an individual and coinciding recidivism rates upon a prisoners release. Prison based treatment programs for sex offenders in Western Australia, New South Wales and New Zealand are examined and recidivism rates compared. Treatment programs for offenders with drug and alcohol issues and the various strategies within the criminal justice system such as diversion, education and drug court programs are examined and differences explained. Rehabilitation programs such as education, life skills, employment and cognitive behavioural treatment are explained and research discussed. Conclusions will be drawn outlining programs with the highest level of recidivism both in Western Australia and globally. The “nothing works” mantra (Martinson) 1974, is seen to be refuted and treatment is seen to be successful when it is matched to the criminogenic needs of the offender (MacKenzie, 2006). Future recommendations are made in regards to the need for correctional staff to assess each offender as an individual with different needs, and to......

Words: 2879 - Pages: 12

How Do Employers Monitor Internet Usage at Work

...#1 HOW DO EMPLOYERS MONITOR INTERNET USAGE AT WORK? This article informs us the readers on how and what forms an employer can monitor our internet usage while at work. The main reason that we see this at work is due to our advance technology at the work place. Almost all companies have access to the internet at work which entices the workers to go to websites that are not work related. This article does not debate whether it is legal or illegal. It provides information on the two basic types that employers use to monitor, internet and desktop surveillance. This article explains that they use spyware like hackers do to monitor an employee’s internet usage, website visits, emails sent, information on emails, and streaming videos. This information provides specific work or unrelated work this employee is conducting to include the time spent. While conducting desktop surveillance it does all of the aforementioned to include offline activity. All systems are connected to the administrator’s computer and he can actually connect via remote and monitor while you are in front without knowing. I believe this article was mediocre in all. It did provide information that I was not aware like the two basic ways employers monitor. I feel they could have gone more in depth in this area. I know this article was not mean to debate whether it was legal or illegal but does cover the basic legal rights the employer and employee have. REFERENCE J. Bean (2010).WiseGEEK; How do......

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

How Airline Markets Work...or Do They? Regulatory Reform in the Airline Industry

...Chapter 2: How Airline Markets Work...Or Do They? Regulatory Reform in the Airline Industry Severin Borenstein and Nancy L. Rose October 2008 Severin Borenstein is E.T. Grether Professor of Business Administration and Public Policy at the Haas School of Business, U.C. Berkeley (www.haas.berkeley.edu), Director of the University of California Energy Institute (www.ucei.org), and a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (www.nber.org). Address: Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1900. Email: borenste@haas.berkeley.edu. Nancy Rose is Professor of Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (econwww.mit.edu) and a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Address: MIT Department of Economics, E52-280b, 50 Memorial Drive, Cambridge MA 02142-1347. Email: nrose@mit.edu. Nancy Rose gratefully acknowledges fellowship support from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation and MIT. We thank Andrea Martens, Jen-Jen L’ao, Yao Lu and Michael Bryant for research assistance on this project. For helpful comments and discussions, we thank Jim Dana, Joe Farrell, Michael Levine, Steven Berry, participants in the NBER conference on regulatory reform, September 2005, and seminars at University of Toronto, Northwestern University, University of Michigan, UC Berkeley, and UC Davis. This paper is forthcoming as Chapter 2 of Economic Regulation and Its Reform: What Have We Learned?, N.L....

Words: 29903 - Pages: 120