Differences and Similarities in Islamic and Conventional Banking

In: Business and Management

Submitted By hilfi
Words 7423
Pages 30
International Journal of Business and Social Science

Vol. 2 No. 2; February 2011

Differences and Similarities in Islamic and Conventional Banking
Muhammad Hanif Assistant Professor, National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences, Islamabad PhD-Finance Scholar at International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan E-mail: muhammad.hanif@nu.edu.pk Abstract
Islamic Banking is growing at a rapid speed and has showed unprecedented growth and expansion in last two decades in spite of mismatching of existing financial framework and business practices. By the end of 2008 volume of Islamic banking has reached to US $ 951 Billion with operation in more than 50 countries. Middle East is the centre of Islamic banking with contribution of approximately 80% while 20% share is contributed by rest of the world. In Pakistan Islamic banking is at infant stage although last 6 years growth is marvelous. Islamic banking has grown at an average annual rate of 76% in the last six and half years (12/03 - 06/10) in Pakistan. Although Islamic banking faces multi challenges however three of them are very vital for its existence. First is Sharia compliance in its operations in an environment which is dominated by interest based practices even in Muslim societies. Second is perception of financial industry practitioners about its performance whether the system is able to serve the total needs of trade and industry. Third is the perception of a large majority of Muslims whether existing practice of Islamic banking is Sharia compliant or mere copy of conventional practices under the banner of Sharia.This study is an attempt to address the perceptional issues by identifying the similarities and differences in Islamic and conventional banking. Evidences suggest Islamic banking is very much practiced like modern conventional banking with certain restrictions imposed by Sharia and…...

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