Critical Behavior in Research

In: Business and Management

Submitted By MsAmeera25
Words 778
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Critical Behavior In Research

Princess Gunthrope

University of Phoenix

In research it is very important to adhere to ethical norms, these values ensure the proper and initial aim of research is carried out. The law of ethics in research prohibit researchers from falsifying information or misrepresenting information to participants. Often times “research involves a great deal of cooperation and coordination among many different people in different disciplines and institutions, ethical standards promote the values that are essential to collaborative work, such as trust, accountability, mutual respect, and fairness”(Sent, 2003). The critical behavior in research analysis will analyze an ethical issue raised in the article, The Causal Generalization Paradox: The Case of Treatment Outcome Research, written by Graham L. Staines. The article by Staines discusses the causal generalization paradox. The ethical issue at the heart of the article is the use of improper sampling procedures. With the vast amount of research taking place and random assignment techniques, less of a priority is being placed upon random sampling. According to Staines,2008 experimental research typically selects units, in part or in whole, at the convenience of the researcher. The researcher then makes no attempt, or often times only a limited attempt, to ensure that this sample is an accurate representation of some larger group or population. This form of convenience sampling is an ethical issue simply because experimental data based upon the use of “convenience samples rather than probability based samples, there is almost never a formal justification, or set of rigorous guidelines, for generalizing the study’s findings to other populations” (Staines, 2008).

The generalization paradox and improper sampling procedures may often cause…...

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