Criminal Identification Procedures in the 21st Century

In: Other Topics

Submitted By yuskoro
Words 1407
Pages 6
Criminal Identification Procedures in the 21st Century
Within the criminal justice system many technological advances exist to assist law enforcement officials in identifying a criminal suspect. The technological advances that continue to assist the criminal justice system in these identifications are Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) analysis, biometric identification, Intra-agency databases for DNA, fingerprinting and palm printing, and camera and wiretap surveillance. Each aspect serves a specific purpose in making certain that the right person is properly identified for the crimes that they commit. Each technological aspect makes certain that the criminal justice system can prove without a doubt that the person under arrest is the person responsible for committing the crime.
Criminal Identification Procedures
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) analysis is an examination method that allows any organism to be identified, by its genetic sequences. DNA analysis is highly accurate, important, and used all across the world for important reasons. The main purpose for DNA analysis is identifying individuals who are suspects in criminal cases, identifying victims or their remains when other means of identity is not possible. The advantages of DNA analysis are reliable, accurate results, and helps solving old and new cases. The disadvantage of DNA analysis is it reveals information on physical state, this information is sensitive and must be guarded.
Biometric Identification is a system based around the main physical characteristics of the human body such as finger print identification, hand geometry, palm vein authentication, retina scan, iris scan, face recognition, signature, and voice analysis. The advantage is unique the information for each individual can be identified in spite of length of time. The disadvantage is the biometric information can be stolen if it is stored…...

Similar Documents

Montessori for the 21st Century

...Montessori: Evolving Toward a Public Secondary School in the 21st Century Nadia Bryden November 7, 2012 Abstract The educational community has long been familiar with the Montessori method for its international ability to remediate or engage children who are, for any number of reasons, not suited to traditional public schooling. This paper examines the basis of the need for alternative schooling, outlines the development and evolution of the Montessori method and philosophy, and validates the methodology in research, providing a side-by-side comparison for examination of relative strengths and weaknesses of the program. For 21st century school reformists seeking alternative methods of education or an individualized, child-centered curriculum, Montessori presents itself as an adaptive, hands-on, future-friendly option for the democratic community as it evolves toward offering a full preschool to secondary public program. Keywords: Montessori, constructivism, independence, Dewey, progressive, alternative education Montessori: Evolving Toward a Public Secondary School in the 21st Century Since the time of early philosophers such as Socrates, Aristotle and Plato, to whom we can trace the traditional subjects of the common core curriculum, there have been heated political and social debates surrounding the field of education. Rather than being discouraged by their recurrent nature, academic planners and developers must examine these questions anew to refresh our......

Words: 8960 - Pages: 36

Forensic Science in the 21st Century

...the 21st Century Gertrude West Forensic Science and Psychological Profiling /CJA590 May 30, 2011 Edward Baker Forensic Science in the 21st Century Forensic science has various influences on crime, investigation and the people that are involved. Forensic science has a connection with the courts to ensure crimes are getting solved and justice is being served to those that commit crimes. With the help of forensic science, crimes are being solved from a human and technological aspect. This paper highlights numerous discussions on how forensic science plays a role in criminal justices system, security, media and the law. Forensic science is a separate entity from the police; although a large portion of the work is obtains through law enforcement. Forensic science is a recognizable component of policing during criminal investigation. The successful resolution from a crime scene involves preventing the site from being contaminated. This helps assures a great deal of gathering and interpreting evidence that could lead to an accurate interpretation of the event. The advances in technology are being applied to forensic science; a field in which technical is achieved by many factors such as including training, experience, continued education, and scientific methodology (NYSP, 2007). Forensic Science continues to develop in the 21st Century. It blends science and technology that has been useful for law enforcement to solve crimes and prosecute criminals.......

Words: 1454 - Pages: 6

Criminal Procedure

...Criminal procedure policy paper CJA/364 DEC/19/2012 Susan Strick Criminal procedure policy paper Criminal procedure is broken down into two models and was designed by a professor who studied law at Stand Ford University his name was Herbert Packer. The first model is due process, this process believes in the rights of the individual this will be known as politically liberal. The second model is crime control this supports to regulate the conduct and behavior of individuals. This is considered politically conservative. These models are intended to embody the sets of different values that run the criminal justice system. In this paper both of the criminal procedure will be discussed and compared to show the similarities and differences. This will also be a way of figuring how the effects of policies in the criminal procedure this will be done by looking at the amendments made in the constitution of the United States looking at the fourth, fifth and sixth amendment and also the fourteenth. The fourteenth amendment including the bill of rights will be a critical aspect of achieving the goal of this paper. The procedure that is most used in the criminal proceedings is the due process model. As an individual a person will try to preserve the standard of holding their right to life, property, and liberty. As an individual a person will not let go of the rights without undergoing the right due process promised to them that is stated in the bill of rights. An officer even......

Words: 1132 - Pages: 5

21st Century

...Privacy in the 21st Century Sandra Bland ENG 122 Jason Romero March 25, 2013 How do you feel walking around knowing that you are being monitored at all times by cameras? Somebody is watching every step you take. Doesn’t that creep you out a little? You post something on Facebook and decide to delete it later on; did you know it will always be there no matter how many times you have deleted it. You may not see it, but others can. In today’s society, privacy rarely exists anymore. There are certain tools and gadgets people use when trying to invade somebody’s privacy including hidden cameras and satellites. Privacy no longer exists in my eyes because of all the new technologies and programs allowing the invasion. What is privacy? Do people today really understand what privacy is? Or have they really got to experience some privacy? The definition of privacy is allowing and individual or group to “seclude them or information about themselves and thereby reveal them selectively.” When something is private, it is usually something personal or valuable to someone. Everyone likes privacy, but it is no longer “available.” Everything people hope is private is no longer private. An example is, before data bases were even created a patient’s information was recorded and put into files in a filing cabinet. There were no security precautions preventing another doctor from exploring somebody’s files. A doctor could do anything with the files without anybody knowing because there......

Words: 1807 - Pages: 8

Criminal Identification Procedures in the 21 Century

...Criminal Identification procedures in the 21 Century CJA 364 Everything in life evolves and takes another form. Crime is no exception it does the same thing as well. Crime is changing in the modern world we live in today and criminals are more sophisticated and intelligent then before. The computer world has brought many technological advancements and even the criminal justice system has benefit from it. One of the most useful gifts that was given to the system was fingerprint and palm print. This advancement brought with it advantages and disadvantages. The effects of these advances on the constitution can be surprising. The advances also effect the efficiency of the criminal justice system from the perspective of crime control. These crucial findings can lead to recommendations concerning the use and reliance on these advances.  The act makes it a federal offense to knowingly transfer or use, without lawful authority, a means of identification of another person with the intent to commit, or to aid or abet, any unlawful activity that constitutes a violation of federal law or that constitutes a felony under any applicable state or local law. (Schmalleger, 2010, ch. 9). Advantages and Disadvantages “Fingerprint-based criminal checks can be a......

Words: 1933 - Pages: 8

Privacy in the 21st Century

...Privacy in the 21st Century Bradley Harding Eng 122 Mrs. Samaniego 20 May, 2013 Outline I. Introduction: In today’s world with the identity theft and fraudulent accounts being created on a daily basis, a person might ask there self if privacy in the 21st century might be possible. People put their privacy in jeopardy without even realizing it by using social networking websites. Social networking is a good tool as long as you use it responsibly by protecting yourself and maintaining security. II. Identity theft defined Ways that thieves steal identity a. Dumpster diving b. Phishing c. ATM Skimmers II. Dangers of social networking a. Stalking/cyber stalking b. Impersonation c. cyber bullying III. Ways to prevent identity theft and maintain security a. Monitor credit report with fraud alert b. Do not share personal information c. Shop on websites with secure seal d. Use privacy settings on social network cites IIII Conclusion In today’s world with the identity theft and fraudulent accounts being created on...

Words: 650 - Pages: 3

Criminal Identification

...Criminal Identification Procedures in the Twenty-first Century Criminal Procedure CJA/350 Abstract In modern society we are faced with the difficulty of ensuring that we are not locking up innocent people. We as a society want to fight crime at any means necessary but at what cost are we willing to pay for this so called justice? In this paper I will discuss the ways that we use criminal identification. Some of these methods are very simple as well as those, which are quite complex. These are eyewitness identification, DNA fingerprinting, latent prints found on bodies, brain fingerprinting, and thru vision. Identification of a person means knowing positively who a given person is and it may be necessary to identify living as well as dead individuals in a variety of situations. In our day-to-day life, we do not face many problems with identification, and it might seem surprising at first glance that such a mundane thing as identification ever needed the help of science. We may meet a long forgotten friend, and may not be able to identify him in the beginning, but recollection of some events would help us recall who the person is. In fact, in daily life, many take the identity of a person for granted. (Forensic Identification) Criminal identification procedures in the 21st century is an ever-changing and remarkable endeavor that has become something that law enforcement has been leaning towards for some time now. The criminal identification process is a long,......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Criminal Identification Process

...Criminal Identification Procedures Fingerprint and palm print, Camera and wiretap surveillance Everything in life evolves and takes another form. Crime is no exception it does the same thing as well. Crime is changing in the modern world we live in today and criminals are more sophisticated and intelligent then before. The computer world has brought many technological advancements and even the criminal justice system have benefit from it. One of the most useful gifts that was given to the system was fingerprint and palm print. This advancement brought with it advantages and disadvantages. The effects of these advances on the constitution can be surprising. The advances also effect the efficiency of the criminal justice system from the perspective of crime control. These crucial findings can lead to recommendations concerning the use and reliance on these advances.  Fingerprints From the womb to death, one thing that never changes is a person’s fingerprints. Fingerprinting identification in the criminal justice system has been in existence for more than 100 years. Its first use in the United States was in 1902. Because of everyone’s unique fingerprint map or features, no two individuals are alike. On the other hand, a person’s physical characteristics are subject to change over time. ......

Words: 1683 - Pages: 7

Race and Racism in the 21st Century

...other social disadvantages suffered by black minority communities in British society’ (Solomos 1989:2). Equality of opportunity in this sense is associated to the concept of racial equality, which can simply refer to ‘social equality for peoples of all races’ (Crenshaw 1988). In spite of this however, there remain deeply entrenched processes of discrimination resistant to legal and political interventions throughout society (Solomos 1993). This essay will discuss the claim ‘there ain’t no Black in the Union Jack’ in relation to these processes of discrimination which have encouraged the mis representation and exclusion of Black people within British society. The first part of the essay will outline the meaning of race and racism in the 21st century. It will then go on to discuss processes of exclusion, which are reinforced by the media and politicians representation of black migrants and the existence of so called ‘White spaces’. These exclusions of black people can be seen to prevent them from identifying as British thus excluding them from being part of ‘the Union Jack’. Whilst the concept of racism has been restricted by the notion of ‘colour’ as it has concealed the full range of ways in which racism has operated in Britain, including against Jews, Gypsies and the Irish (Jewesbury 2008), throughout this essay the term will only be discussed in the political sense to ‘denote people who self- identify, originate or have ancestry from global majority populations (i.e.......

Words: 1843 - Pages: 8

Criminal Procedure

...Criminal Procedure Policy Sesanee Lewis CJA/364 January 20, 2014 Walsh, Timothy Criminal Procedure Policy Due process and crime control model shapes the procedures of polices regarding criminals and law enforcement. Due process gives citizens the right to be treated as innocent until proven guilty which is the opposite to the crime control model; you are guilty until proven innocent. Two different approaches, one is a process in which citizens is ensured law enforcement conduct themselves within legal procedures during arrest and the collection of evidence; the other process relying on the integrity of law enforcement by not questioning probable cause nor the collection of evidence to show the guilt of an offender. Due Process gives citizens of America the right to not be deprived of life, liberty, or property without law enforcement going obtaining a warrant by a judge. The rights of citizens by way of due process guarantee a fair process within the criminal justice system. The due process model system of values revolves around the concept of primarily of the individual rights and the complementary concept of limitation of official power of the government. Power is always subject to abuse (Griffiths, 1970). Due process limits this power by give law enforcement rules and regulations as to what they can and cannot do to arrest a citizen and obtain evidence for an arrest. The criminal procedure of due process begins at law enforcement legally......

Words: 1150 - Pages: 5

21st Century

...Patricia EDU 210 Students in the 21st Century I chose to observe children for a three-hour block at my three daughter’s dance studio. These children were a variety of different ages, from three to ten. The format was both structured (during the classes) and unstructured ( in between). Girls are very giggly. Their communication style was very dramatic. During their unstructured time, girls of all ages were running around, giggling, happy and being overly expressive. All the girls smiled and were generally happy. Some of the girls communicated with more body language than the others. This was evident by them using their hands while talking or by touching each other while speaking. I witnessed many girls grab hands, arms, or hug in a loving manner to display affection as they were speaking or as part of a greeting. The girls talked about upcoming events like Christmas, gifts that they wanted and excitement over the upcoming Christmas dance recital. The older girls talked about school, upcoming tests, and the fast approaching Christmas break. There was some discussion of boys, but very little. Phrases I heard over and over were “Oh My God” and “ That’s adorbs” . As a mother of three girls, these are phrases I am very familiar with. The attitudes displayed were generally very happy. The girls were all bubbly, happy to see and greet one another. All of the girls seemed to want to be there and excited to go into their dance classes. Because we were at a dance......

Words: 545 - Pages: 3

Hrm in 21st Century

...Human Resource Management Functions, Applications, Skill Development Robert N. Lussier Springfield College John R. Hendon University of Arkansas at Little Rock USAGE Los Angeles | London | New Delhi Singapore | Washington DC Detailed Contents About the Authors Preface xxiv xxv PART I. 21ST-CENTURY HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIC PLANNING AND LEGAL ISSUES 1 Chapter 1 The New Human Resource Management Process 2 SHRM 3 Why Study Human Resource Management? 4 HRM Past and Present 6 Past View of HRM 6 Present View of HRM 6 21st-century HRIi 8 HRM Challenges 8 The HRM Strategic View 9/ Technology and Knowledge 10 Labor Demographics 11 Productivity and Competitiveness Through HRM HRM Skills 12 Technical Skills 12 Human Relations Skills 13 Conceptual and Design Skills Business Skills 14 12 13 Line Managers' HRM Responsibilities 15 Line Versus Staff Management 15 Major HR Responsibilities of Line Management 15 HR Managers' Resonsibiiities: Disciplines Within HRW? 16 The Legal Environment: EEO and Diversity Management 17 Staffing 17 Training and Development 20 Employee Relations 20 Labor and Industrial Relations 20 Compensation and Benefits 20 Safety and Security 21 Ethics and Sustainability 21 HRM Careers 23 The Society for Human Resource Management Other HR Organizations 24 Professional liabiliy 24 23 The Practitioner's Model for HRM The Model 24 Sections of the Model......

Words: 2783 - Pages: 12

Criminal Procedure

...Criminal Procedure-Probable Cause Article Summary David L. Clay CJA/315 February 8, 2016 Scott Horwath Criminal Procedure-Probable Cause Article Summary Manuel Celis-Acosta is accused to be the ring leader of the Fast and Furious Operation who helped organize the transfer and purchase of about 2,000 weapons to the Sinaloa Castel. He is also accused of providing the weapons used in the kill of border patrol agents Brian Terry. In April 2, 2010 Manuel was stopped by Phoenix Police and booked to jail for cocaine possession and two handguns were confiscated by police at that stop. Manuel Acosta followed by ATF agents for 18 months for the Fast and Furious Operation was previously arrested twice in 2010 violation related to drugs and guns but he was released. After 2 am in the morning Police detected a blue Chevy pick-up truck without its headlights. Police activated their lights and sirens after watching the truck and reports say that handguns were thrown out the windows by Acosta and two associates. At the stop police officer also found other weapons hidden in the backseat and between the front seats as well as numerous of scattered casings in the floor. All three individuals were arrested and booked into jail under different charges. Acosta for narcotics possession, Hector Carlon for aggravated DUI and drug possession and Julio Carrillo for misconduct with a weapon. Prosecutors received the case but it was never file. The case was send back to police for further......

Words: 1105 - Pages: 5

Forensic Science in the 21st Century

...Forensic Science in the 21st Century By: Crystal Lyle AJS/584 - FORENSIC SCIENCE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILING STEVEN HOENIG 2-29-16 This paper will examine my perception and concept of forensic science in the 21st century. It will also examine the importance of forensic science to policing criminal investigation court process, and the efforts of various levels in security. In addition to analyzing the importance of forensic science, I will give a historical approach. I will discuss the accuracy of the media representation of forensic science and how issues. Lastly, I will discuss the influence the CSI effect have on the judicial process. Forensic Science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws that are enforced by law enforcement agencies in a criminal justice system. Another definition of forensic science is principles and techniques to matters of criminal justice, especially as it relates to the collection, examination, and analysis of physical evidence. In 1929, a Los Angeles police department establish the first American forensic lab. Forensic science has been around over 300 years or more and it continues to improve and emerge today as science and technical knowledge find more improved and accurate techniques. Forensic science has come to be a critical instrument in allowing guilt or demonstrating innocence in the system of criminal justice. In the late 80’s (DNA), society was accepting of (DNA) and forensic science continues to develop and......

Words: 1265 - Pages: 6

Criminal Procedure

...Criminal Procedure Policy Order and liberty are two areas within criminal procedure that have tension among one another (book). Order is a stronger approach toward the criminal justice system than liberty. Liberty concerns an individual’s rights to due process, which means everybody deserves the same rights when arrested regardless of the circumstances such as poor person versus a rich person. The two models that were developed by Herbert Packer were the crime control model and the due process model (book). Both models have similarities as well as differences and not one is “good” and the other “bad” according to Packer. The two primary goals within the criminal justice system are the need to enforce law and maintain social order and the need to protect people from injustice (defenseinvestigator). The fourth, fifth, sixth, and fourteenth amendments play a signifigant role when analyzing both the due process model and the crime control model. This paper will further explore both models as well as how the models view the fourth, fifth, and sixth amendments and how the fourteenth amendment gives the same rights on a state level as well as federal. Crime Control Model The crime control model is a stern approach to the criminal justice system. As described by Hubert Packer, “the crime control model is like a conveyer belt, moving cases starting from arrest to conviction in a swift and fast process (Book).” Fact finding is what defines this model. If an officer makes......

Words: 1348 - Pages: 6