Crime and the Criminal Justice System

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Submitted By vcmunoz
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Crime and the Criminal Justice System
Victoria Munoz
Introduction to criminal justice CJS/201
April 6, 2015
Brenda Barney

A society needs law to uphold fairness and to prevent the victimization of innocents. The definition of crime is any conduct in violation of the criminal law of the state, the federal government or local jurisdiction for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse. How law in relations to crime, is there is no crime unless a law is written, then broken to become a crime. The most common model of how socialite determines which acts are criminal is Due process and Crime control. Due process is one person’s Miranda rights, crime control arrest as many criminals to get them off the streets to reduce crime rates. The federal, state and the local government make up the government structure of criminal justice system. These three branches make the laws, make them official and decide what is constitutional and what is not. Some believe that crime is on the rise due to economic conditions, family conditions (divorces, family cohesiveness) and the lack of law enforcement help. Some believe that the system is bias and not punishment goes unjustified. The police ensures community safety, they also enforce the law. The courts decide criminal cases and pass down sentence and the corrections carry out the sentences, rehabilitate if needed.
The goals of the criminal justice system are deterrence, to inhibit criminal behavior through the fear of punishment. Incapacitation, the removing the offender’s ability to commit crimes they are locked up. Retribution the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator. Rehabilitation is the attempt to reform a criminal. Restoration, make the victim whole again. Repair the harm crime has done to the relationship between the offender and victim and between the offender and the community. In my…...

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