Creative Thinking

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Critical and Creative Thinking II

1- Have you ever changed a strongly held attitude and what caused the change. In our everyday lives, attitudes play a major role in affecting our behavior. The influence how we feel and behave toward others is in our environment. Attitudes have important influences on our decisions. The most commonly used approach in changing attitude is to attempt to change what people believe and what they know. Attitudes are often learned from other people and are often a defining characteristic of groups. It can also be genetic. A strong attitude is very resistant to change. To change attitude, spot and match the balance of affective/cognitive/behavioral components, especially in the person’s self-image. Where there is affective attention, offer emotional arguments. For cognitive listeners, use a rational argument. For the behaviorally focused, do something.

2- Do you believe that you are free of prejudice? After reading this chapter, which of the many factors that cause prejudice do you think is most important to change? Prejudice is an adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge or examination of the facts. Prejudice can come from ignorance and also fear, because individuals can be prejudice to a certain culture where they could know a little about them, and is afraid of how that certain culture is different from them in language, behavior or customs.

3- How do Milgram's results—particularly the finding that the remoteness of the victim affected obedience—relate to some aspects of modern warfare?

4- What are some of the similarities between Zimbardo's prison study and the abuses at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq? The Abu Ghraib guards clearly wanted less interaction with their prisoners than the Stanford guards wanted with theirs. At Stanford, roll calls initially lasted 10 minutes but grew to…...

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