Coping

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ashleerhodes28
Words 1497
Pages 6
Coping
Ashlee Rhodes
Psychology 101- AAH-H1-201430
Toby Bennett
Ivy Tech Community College
4/12/15

Coping is a response to psychological stress (UCLA, n.d). Many things can cause stress: death of a loved one, loss of job, a break up, etc. Most people associate stress with bad situations, but not just bad things can cause stress. Getting a new job, getting a new house, a new relationship, or a new child are some “happy” things that can be stressors (UCLA, n.d). Maladaptive coping mechanisms are ineffective, counterproductive and are often used unconsciously (UCLA,n.d).
Everyone has different coping mechanisms they use with the stress in their lives. Some of these coping mechanisms are: humor, seeking support, problem solving, relaxation, physical recreation, anticipating various outcomes, denial, self-blame, and venting (UCLA, n.d). Some of these mechanisms are healthy ones to use, while others are not. Denial, self-blame, and occasionally venting (if you vent too much, it can put a strain on relationships with other people) are maladaptive coping mechanisms. The first six coping mechanisms on the list, can be maladaptive if overused, but in moderation, can be efficient coping mechanisms.
My coping mechanisms tend to be maladaptive. I have been trying to learn new, healthy coping mechanisms and it has been a slow, ongoing process. When I was younger, I had no idea how to cope with stress, so I resorted to unhealthy or maladaptive behaviors such as nail biting, seclusion, and hitting myself.
I would and still do bite my nails when I get nervous and or stressed. When I was younger, my mom tried getting me to stop biting my nails by telling me about a parasite that would get under your nails when you played in the dirt and when you didn’t wash your hands and bit your nails, the parasite would get into your system and make you sick. I did listen to her for a…...

Similar Documents

Coping with Stress

...DISCUSS THE POSITIVE COPING STRATEGIES THAT COULD BE USED BY THE STUDENT NURSE TO COPE WITH STRESS. The following assignment will utilise academic literature to highlight positive coping mechanisms related to stress. The author will then reflect on personal coping strategies. The Health and Safety Executive (2007) defines stress as the adverse reaction people have to excessive pressures or other demands required of them. The Royal College of Nursing (2007) describes stress as any factor that threatens physical health or causes the human body to function adversely. To explain further constant stress will affect the bodies’ balance of hormones. The term ‘work related stress’ can be defined as a result of work demands exceeding the person’s capacity and capability to cope. Health and Safety Executive (2011). Stress in the workplace could be a result of many factors, time management and poor organisational skills can contribute. Demands of work could also lead to a lack of family time and time for recreation and the refusal of additional work and a lack of assertiveness may also have an impact. According to the Royal College of Nursing (2011) nursing is one of the professions that is affected by stress. An explanation for this statement could be the long hours associated with the profession, staff shortages and the insecurity of the job. A student nurse has the added pressure of being accepted as part of the team and ‘fitting’ in. Vulnerable groups for instance......

Words: 1012 - Pages: 5

Stress and Coping

...------------------------------------------------- Stress and Coping This paper defines the theory of stress and coping and applies it to multiple scenarios. Also included are ways the process can be expanded to include those that cannot cope. ------------------------------------------------- Stress and Coping This paper defines the theory of stress and coping and applies it to multiple scenarios. Also included are ways the process can be expanded to include those that cannot cope. Psy. 320 Psy. 320 Stress and Coping The theory chosen for this paper was the stress and coping theory created by Lazarus. Lazarus stated that stress is directly linked to coping. An explanation of the stress and coping theory will be given followed by two real life scenarios. These scenarios will be analyzed for both how they are applicable to this theory and how they are not. These scenarios will be further explored to assess the need to develop and create new theoretical models of motivation in today’s changing work environment, and what the ramification may be for failing to do so. The theory behind stress and coping is one that can be explained better with a series of chained events used to illustrate the process of coping. First there is an influencing factor. This can be personal or situational. This is followed by a primary appraisal. The primary appraisal is how a person deems the situation harmful or harmless. If a person deems the situation as......

Words: 1081 - Pages: 5

Coping Mechanism

...Theoretical / Conceptual Framework Many researchers who have studied subjects at midterms or finals and have found that coping is clearly a complex process, influenced by both personality characteristics (Bolger, 2002; Friedman et al., 2002; Long & Sangster, 2003), situational demands (Folkman & Lazarus, 2006; Heim et al., 2003), and even the social and physical characteristics of the setting (Mechanic, 2001). As we have seen in the various theoretical paradigms of coping, every factor from physiological, psychological, social, to cultural, both affect and are affected by the coping strategies. Just as there is said to be an optimal level of stress for an individual to function most effectively, I propose that there is an optimal level of coping which minimizes cost and maximizes benefits on all levels of the various factors combined. A coping strategy that may work to improve a romantic relationship, may have it's negative social, cultural, or even psychological consequences. If you choose not to see your friends so that you have more time to spend with your romantic partner, or you choose to move in with that person when it is considered a cultural taboo, or you are so psychologically dominated by that person that you don't have a mind of your own. In such cases, the individual has the illusion that they are effectively coping with a particular stress, while what they are really doing is creating many others. Also, since each factor has the......

Words: 9135 - Pages: 37

Maladaptive Coping and Mental Health

...moving world; no one is free from stress and challenges that comes from a person's own self and it's environment. Weiten, (2010) defines coping as, “Active efforts to master, reduce, or tolerate the demands created by stress”. Along with this, it depends on individual’s coping mechanism. Adaptive coping is to re-frame a situation in a positive light. Whereas, Sincero, (2012), explains maladaptive coping as identical to "non-coping", as if when an individual responds to a stressor using a coping mechanism but isn't capable of reducing the stress. Hence, in maladaptive coping an individual indulge in coping strategies to reduce stress but result in increased health risks and maladaptive behaviour. On other hand, WHO (2007) defines mental health as: “a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community”. Thus, the person who can cope life stressors effectively are said to be mentally healthy. Hence, we can understand, the relation between coping and mental health. The nurse role is significant in this regard and they can make a positive change in patient’s life, by encouraging adaptive coping. Further, this paper will discuss about a case scenario regarding maladaptive coping and mental health and will give literature view regarding it. In a clinical scenario, I observed, a 34 years old male was admitted for...

Words: 1327 - Pages: 6

Stress and Coping

...Stress and Coping Name: Pamela Holloway Specific purpose: To inform my audience about stress and give some ways to cope. Central Idea: Stress can take a lot out of us, and having some idea of what causes your stress, and some ways to manage it can be beneficial to your health. Introduction: Gain Attention: Did you know that at least two thirds of all visits to healthcare providers may be for stress related illnesses? Establish Credibility: Through life experience and research. Motivate audience: We all experience stress every day, having a couple ideas on how to handle it can help. Thesis statement: We are going to talk a little bit about what stress is, some of its effects on the body (Good and Bad), as well as some coping mechanisms. Transition: First let’s talk about what stress is. Body: I. What is Stress? A. Stress refers to the physical and emotional states that we experience as a result of changes and challenges in our lives. 1. Can be positive or negative B. Stressor are the things that cause us stress Transition: What are the effects of stress on the body? II. What are some of the affects that stress has on your health? A. Excessive amounts of stress hormones have negative effects on your immune system. 1. A weak immune system can lead to worsening of existing health problems, increase the chances of catching a cold, and it can even increase your chances of having a heart attack. B. Stress hormones in......

Words: 485 - Pages: 2

Understanding and Coping with Change

...Understanding and Coping with Change Barbara Thorne BUS610: Organizational Behavior Instructor: Sherrie Lewis February 4, 2013 UNDERSTANDING AND COPING In the business world today organizations are changing faster and faster. For many years businesses have experienced change at an increasing rate. Within businesses many times it is even harder because of the human groups within the organization. On one hand we know when it comes to change; it will open doors to new opportunities but one the other hand most people are hesitant to embrace change because they like it the way it is. Organizations have to change overtime to grow with the demands of its customers. We all know organizations are changing internal and external between employers and employees. Many times changes come from the response to the evolving needs of customers. They also can come from internal within the organization like development with job security and training employees to improve their overall performances. With all the improvements over the years in telecommunications and digital technology, organizations need to grow with it or they will be left be hide. According to John Kotter’s management theory, employees who are prone to resistance share common motives which can include self-interest, lack of understanding to the nature of the change, lack of trust in management, and low tolerance for change (Baack, 2012). With......

Words: 577 - Pages: 3

Coping with Hiv

...Coping with HIV/AIDS in the Western NY Area Shantele Garner HCA430: Special Populations Vicki Sowle March 19, 2012 Certain exposures and conditions can produce a higher risk of HIV infections than others. Those exposures include, but are not limited to, sharing needles to inject drugs, receptive unprotected anal intercourse and vaginal intercourse. It’s very important that programs are put into place to educate communities of the risks involved concerning this illness. There are several programs in the Western NY, or Buffalo, NY area that addresses the needs and demands of the HIV/AIDS population. These programs are put into place to provide intense counseling, treatment options, coping mechanisms and other concerns involving the infected without prejudice and discrimination. One very well-known program in the Buffalo, NY area is called the Aids Community Services of WNY (Evergreen Health Services of WNY). Evergreen Health services is a not for profit community based organization committed to ending the AIDS epidemic and minimizing its effects in the eight counties of Western New York (Evergreen Health Services, 2007). This organization has been providing a wide range of services that assist with the daily living of those infected since 1983. One service provided is medical care. There are different types of medical care offered by this organization including primary care, this is sensitive and caters to the needs of the population served. The medical......

Words: 914 - Pages: 4

Coping with Death

...Grief, Loss, and Finding Meaning and Purpose When dealing with death there are many issues people face. After researching and viewing the Maintain Mental Health video I found that what is common in dealing or facing the death of a loved one is “how am I going to take care of myself?’’ (Maintaining Mental Health coping with Change (03:51). when you spend a lifetime with someone (a partner, husband, wife, mother, or father for example) who has taken care of you and been there with you for the biggest life changes; you began to wonder how can you go on without that person here anymore. Another issue people face with dealing with the death of a loved one now has to be responsible for things once shared. For example the upkeep of a home or the major finances or maybe simple things like going to the grocery store. These issues are seen more in older people who were once married but now their significant other has passed. In the American society there are mixed emotions that come along with deal mainly depending on your faith in my opinion. If you are someone who believes in eternal life with Jesus Christ once you have accepted him as Lord and Savior, than death is celebrated because we believe that we will see each other again soon. But in the American society death is feared and we don’t really like to talk about it because it seems like a bad topic of conversation. If you were to ask a person who is a non-believer his or her take or maybe even just studied the reaction they......

Words: 751 - Pages: 4

Coping with Childhood Cancer

...Coping With Childhood Cancer For a parent, there is nothing quite as unnerving as receiving the news that your child has been diagnosed with Cancer. Not only the parents are affected, but also the siblings and other family members. Life for the family instantly changes. Parents must be away from work. Siblings might need to be cared for by relatives or friends. The child (patient) becomes the major focus of family time and attention. All other concerns are put on hold. This all happens in a very short period of time. Families that have been and are going through this feel like they're on an emotional roller-coaster. These families all feel varying levels of shock, fear, guilt, sadness, anxiety, and anger. They are unprepared to handle the fact that the child has a life threatening illness. This is probably because the previous experience with someone they know who had or has a similar diagnosis is usually an older person, not someone as young or close to home as this diagnosis is. When a child or teen is diagnosed with cancer, families and parents will need to learn as much about the disease as possible. Most importantly, they will need to learn how to cope and move forward after the diagnosis, about dealing with the early and late effects of treatment, and about preparing for what may be down the road. It is very important to understand the effect this diagnosis can take on different members of the family.......

Words: 2421 - Pages: 10

Coping with Stress

...different in her persistence, intelligence, and caring. When I would complain about something, she would always point out something positive about it. For a long time I basically ignored her attempts to help me. One day it all made sense. I remember finally realizing that there are things you can’t change and will have to deal with. However if you step back and reconsider the stressor there’s a chance you might benefit from it. I’m a firm believer that everything happens for a reason. I can also say that I don’t always know the reason and many times I never will. But I really feel that there is a point to everything and sometimes you just have to look. It’s necessary to be able to cope with stress because the longer you fail at coping the worse it gets. You don’t want to mask great characteristics because you’re weakened from depression and drowning in darkness. Helen Keller said to “Keep your face to the sunshine and you cannot see a shadow.” Finding meaning in something that normally gives you anxiety can be empowering. There is nothing like having light in your life. If you can turn irritation in to opportunity it will create a much more productive outlook. Then it becomes easier to help manage or decrease your stress level. When my stress level was no longer through the roof I was able to start reappraising different situations and finding something constructive in them. It created a positivity that I really enjoyed and enable me to be happier. ......

Words: 749 - Pages: 3

Coping with Stress

...losing a loved one, stress can make a negative impact on a person’s health. According to the article “Coping with Stress”, there are several ways of managing this. The article mentions “mindful meditation”, an ancient Buddhist practice method used to help people embrace their emotions by not judging themselves or trying to get rid of them. I find this rather difficult. In my experience, It is hard enough not to judge yourself, let alone trying to get rid of your negative emotions. Meditation requires some deep sole searching, calmness and extreme focus. I find it easier going to the gym and exercising. Creating some free time for myself to play sports, go jogging, or just reading a book are other ways in coping with my stress. Engaging in activities I love to do can take my mind off of some of the hard times we all go through in our lives. Stress can cause health problems or make health problems worse. It can cause unhealthy physical symptoms if it becomes persistent, such as in response to life’s daily challenges and changes. Some people may constantly feel fatigued, unable to focus, or even out of control even if the cause is something minor. Learning how to cope with stress is not only beneficial to my health, but it also helps me manage my life to the point where I am not overworking myself. The article “Coping with Stress” suggests that psychologists have identified three coping methods: Reappraising the situation, learning from the experience, and making social......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Coping Response

... COPING RESPONSE STRATEGY DURING STRESS NAME INSTITUTION Stress management is quite vital since it equips us with thoughts or actions designed to resolve or mitigate a problematic situation. Coping with stress is not a fixed attribute, but usually the dynamic capacity to apply effective methods to control, avoid or prevent distress. It is a method that involves appraisal and reaction. Evidently; individuals cope with stress in different ways depending mostly on the circumstances, the type of stressors and the particular individual. (Barkway, 2013). According to Lazarus, Emotion focused and problem focused are two types of coping mechanism that come in hand during stressful situations. Emotional focused concentrates more on reduction of the negative emotional response allied with stress such fear, anxiety, depression, excitement, frustration and embarrassment. This type of coping strategy only applies when the individual is not able to control the stressor. On the other hand, problem focused is more practical and targets the stressor in a practical approach thereby handling the problem. (Lazarus et all, 1984) In my situation mostly I find that I use more of the problem focused coping because the strategy removes the stressor and establishes mechanisms that eliminate source of the problem thereby providing a permanent therapy to the prevailing situation. (Barkway, 2013). I think from a personal perspective coping with stress is not a fixed attribute hence a lot of variance to...

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

Stress & Coping

...STRESS and COPING Will Seitz ABS 200 11/03/2014 Instructor Clark Ashford University STRESS 1 Throughout the course of this class we have been learning about the different disciplines of applied behavioral science, to understand what applied behavioral science is we have to define it. Applied behavioral science is the application of different disciplines or knowledge of psychology to understand and find solutions to human behavior. Here you would use the specific psychological discipline you are trained in to conduct risk assessments and delve into why we humans do what we do. In week three we were asked to choose a specific case study from a list and follow it through the course, my case study was about stress and coping. The subject of my case study was named Jamiel. I decided on this particular case study because it had to deal with stress and coping, something that everyone deals with on a daily basis. The focus of the study was a series of unfortunate events that kept compounding on top of each other to snowball frustrations into all out panic and the feeling of despair. Stress is a precursor to causing many different kinds of physiological and psychological troubles, but what is stress? Stress according to What is Stress, “Stress occurs when pressure exceeds your perceived ability to cope“, (Palmer & Cooper, 2007). It was this kind of pressure that our case study subject Jamiel had to deal with on his way to the office, once...

Words: 2219 - Pages: 9

Stress and Coping

...disease or hypertension” (Youngmee, 2006, p.103). Many studies have found that when stress is involved in relationships depression sets in with one or both parties which most often than not results with the demise of the relationship. Buried in stress a silver lining can often be found that leads to a positive outlook, otherwise known as coping. “The efforts to control, reduce, or learn to tolerate the threats that lead to stress are known as coping” (Feldman, 2013, p. 524). There are many different strategies that can be used to help accept stress and find ways to solve the problem. For example problem-focused coping is a strategy that helps modify stress by creating a plan of action. There is also emotion-focused coping that modifies stress by controlling ones emotions and by changing the way that we perceive a certain situation. Stress is a normal part of life and even having someone to turn to or having a friend to talk to can help cope with stressful situations. Many studies have found that college students experience a great amount of stress; these studies have found that “developed training is effective in enhancing proactive coping and general self-efficacy of college students” (Kadhiravan, 2012, p.49). Many view stress as a negative thing, but without stress we might not have the motivation to complete the activities that we need to accomplish. There are many events that bring about stress and provoke our negative attitude, but there are also a number of forms...

Words: 869 - Pages: 4

Stress & Coping

...PSY 100 Stress and Coping Dr. Anna Abraham REQUIRED READING: 1. Chapter 19 (Pages 481-489, 492-497, 499, 502-503) INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY (9th Edition) – R. Plotnik & Kouyoumdjian LECTURE HANDOUT 1. Appraisal Definition Stress and Appraisal - Primary Appraisal (a) Harm/Loss (negative) (b) Threat (negative) (c) Challenge (positive) - From appraisal to arousal: emotions, stress and arousal levels differ as a function of the kind of stress 2. Physiological Response Fight or Flight response (a) Appraisal (b) Amygdala & Hypothalamus (c) Sympathetic nervous system – arousal o Respiration, Heart Rate, Adrenal glands, muscle tension o Stomach, Liver, Pupils, Hair - Tend and Befriend response (a) Gender Differences - General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) PSY 100 (a) Alarm stage (b) Resistance stage (c) Exhaustion stage Stress and Coping Dr. Anna Abraham 3. Kinds of Stressors Hassles (Gender differences) Major Life events (Adjustment disorder) 4. Situational Stressors Frustration Burnout Violence 5. Conflicts Approach-Approach Avoidance-Avoidance Approach-Avoidance Five Styles of dealing with conflict (avoidance, accommodation, domination, compromise, integration) 6. Positive Stress Eustress Challenge situations 7. Personality and Social Factors Hardiness Locus of control Optimism versus Pessimism Positive Psychology Personality type (Type A, Type B, Type D) Social Support PSY 100 Stress and Coping Dr. Anna......

Words: 262 - Pages: 2