Cooperative Learning

In: English and Literature

Submitted By ardiniizzati
Words 1356
Pages 6
Five Basic Elements in Cooperative Learning
Abstract
The term “cooperative learning” refers to an instruction method in which learners work together in small groups to achieve a common goal. There are more than five elements in cooperative learning but the most common and crucial ones are five which are individual accountability, positive interdependence, face-to-face promotive interaction, interpersonal and small group skills, and group processing. This report explains what these five elements are and how to implement these features in a cooperative learning group.

1.0 Introduction
21st century learning is often and always related to technological approaches while actually this type of learning is to fulfill the needs of being a 21st century learner. Hence in order to meet the needs of the 21st century learner and achieve the student outcomes, schools are asked to adopt a 21st century curriculum that blends thinking and innovation skills; information, media, and ICT literacy; and life and career skills in context of core academic subjects and at the same time required to employ methods of 21st century instruction that integrate innovative and research-proven teaching strategies, modern learning technologies, and real world resources and contexts.

1.1 Background
Students’ learning goals may be structured to promote cooperative, competitive, or individualistic efforts. In every classroom, instructional activities are aimed at accomplishing goals and are conducted under a goal structure. A learning goal is a desired future state of demonstrating competence or mastery in the subject area being studied. The goal structure specifies the ways in which students will interact with each other and the teacher during the instructional session. Each goal structure has its place (Johnson & Johnson, 1989). In the ideal classroom, all students would learn how to…...

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