Conceptualization

In: Other Topics

Submitted By glendon07
Words 1228
Pages 5
CConceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice

In chapter 3 of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice there are four areas of focus. They are concepts, measurement operations, evaluation of measures, and levels of measurement. We are going to address conceptualization by using substance abuse and related ideas as examples. For measurement, let us review first how measures of substance abuse have been created, utilizing procedures as available data, questions, observations, and less direct and prominent measures. We will also explain how to assess the validity and reliability of these measures. Finally, the level of measurement reflected in unrelated measures is our last topic. Hopefully, at the end of this you will have a fine comprehension of measurement.
A concept is a mental image tat summarizes a set of similar observations, feelings, or ideas. "Concepts such as substance-free housing require an explicit definition before they are used in research because we cannot be certain that all readers will share the same definition. It is even more important to define concepts such as poverty or social control or strain, we cannot be certain that others know exactly what we mean." The meaning of concepts is often disputed among experts and illuminating the meaning of such concepts does not simply benefit those unfamiliar with them. In order to do ample work of conceptualization, we need more than just a definition, for our concepts. We will probably have to distinguish inner aspects of the concept. Conceptualization is defined as "The process of specifying what we mean by a term. In deductive research, conceptualization helps to translate portions of an abstract theory into testable hypotheses involving specific variables. In inductive research, conceptualization is an important part of the process used to make sense of…...

Similar Documents

Dealing with Differences

...authoritarian role may be required in the decision-making process. Also the team members with low uncertainty avoidance index can be used to deal with more ambiguous situations than those who feel uncomfortable in these circumstances to avoid potential conflicts. Part Two Analyze the Team's Personality Style Differences Using the MBTI column of your Project Member Profiles chart, create a project preference grid. Then, answer the following questions. Employee | MBTI Profile | Learning Style Preference | Charles | INFJ | Active Experimentation; Abstract Conceptualization | Lukas | INFP | Reflective Observation; Abstract Conceptualization | Naomi | ENFP | Active Experimentation; Abstract Conceptualization | Sasha | ENFP | Reflective Observation; Abstract Conceptualization | Ernesto | ENFJ | Active Experimentation; Concrete Experience | Aya | ENTJ | Reflective Observation; Abstract Conceptualization | Jasbeer | ISFP | Reflective Observation; Concrete Experience | 1. What are the strengths of this team? The strength appears to be the fact that the team is fairly well balanced on Intuitive and extroversion tendencies. The same holds true for Judgment and perceiver tendencies. So the team has a good mix of people who prioritize on completing tasks, making decisions quickly versus those who would want more and more information. The team has people who would want to work with other people and place great emphasis on interactions and then there......

Words: 1326 - Pages: 6

Conceptualization of Social Development in the Emerging Giants in the Late Xx - Early Xxi Centuri (in Russian)

...Êîíôåðåíöèÿ ¾Ëîìîíîñîâ 2013¿ Ñåêöèÿ ¾Ñîöèîëîãèÿ¿ Êîíöåïòóàëèçàöèÿ ñîöèàëüíîãî ðàçâèòèÿ â ñòðàíàõ-ëèäåðàõ ðàçâèâàþùåãîñÿ ìèðà â íà÷àëå XXI â. Êàçàêîâà Àëåêñàíäðà Àíäðååâíà Àñïèðàíò E-mail: kazakovaz@mail.ru Ìîñêîâñêèé ãîñóäàðñòâåííûé óíèâåðñèòåò èìåíè Ì.Â. Ëîìîíîñîâà, Ñîöèîëîãè÷åñêèé ôàêóëüòåò, Ìîñêâà, Ðîññèÿ Ñòðàòåãèè óñêîðåííîãî, ìîáèëèçàöèîííîãî ðàçâèòèÿ â óñëîâèÿõ âûñîêîêîíêóðåíòíîé ãëîáàëüíîé ñðåäû ïðåäñòàâëÿþò îñîáûé èíòåðåñ äëÿ ñîöèîëîãè÷åñêîé òåîðèè.  ñîâðåìåííîé ëèòåðàòóðå çà÷àñòóþ èñïîëüçóåòñÿ òåðìèí ¾emerging giants¿ (¾âîñõîäÿùèå ñòðàíû-ãèãàíòû¿), îáúåäèíÿþùèé ãðóïïó ñòðàí ñ îáøèðíûìè ïðèðîäíûìè è äåìîãðàôè÷åñêèìè ðåñóðñàìè è ñòðåìèòåëüíûì ýêîíîìè÷åñêèì ðîñòîì, äàþùèìè èì âîçìîæíîñòü ïðåîäîëåòü ïåðèôåðèéíîå ïîëîæåíèå è ñîçäàòü îñíîâû ìíîãîïîëÿðíîñòè; ãëàâíûì îáðàçîì, ðå÷ü èäåò î Áðàçèëèè, Èíäèè è Êèòàå. Ñîöèîëîãè÷åñêèé àíàëèç íàöèîíàëüíîãî ðàçâèòèÿ ýòèõ ñòðàí â ïîñëåäíèå äâà äåñÿòèëåòèÿ ïðåäñòàâëÿåòñÿ âåñüìà ïîëåçíûì äëÿ ïîíèìàíèÿ ñîöèàëüíûõ ïðîöåññîâ â ñîâðåìåííîé Ðîññèè â ñèëó öåëîãî ðÿäà îáùèõ ïðîáëåì. Îäíàêî â ðóññêîÿçû÷íîé ëèòåðàòóðå çíà÷èòåëüíî ëó÷øå èçó÷åíà ñîâðåìåííàÿ çàïàäíàÿ ¾ñîöèîëîãèÿ ðàçâèòèÿ¿ (îò òåîðèé ìîäåðíèçàöèè âðåìåí ðàñïàäà êîëîíèàëüíîé ñèñòåìû äî íîâåéøèõ òåîðèé ãëîáàëèçàöèè) è åå âçãëÿä íà ïðîáëåìàòèêó ðàçâèâàþùèõñÿ ñòðàí (¾äîãîíÿþùåå ðàçâèòèå¿, ¾âòîðè÷íóþ ìîäåðíèçàöèþ¿). Ñîöèîëîãè÷åñêîå òåîðåòèçèðîâàíèå â îáëàñòè ñîöèàëüíîãî ðàçâèòèÿ òàê èëè èíà÷å ñòàëêèâàåòñÿ ñ äâóìÿ êëþ÷åâûìè ïðîáëåìàìè. Âî-ïåðâûõ, ïðîáëåìàòè÷íî ñàìî ïðåäñòàâëåíèå îá......

Words: 763 - Pages: 4

Developing Criminological Skills

...Developing Criminological Skills 40205/01 “People learn in different ways” Different people have different style of learning, David a. Kolb explored into the development of different learning styles. Kolb created his famous learning style model “Experiential Learning Theory” (Kolb 1984) based on four elements: concrete experience, observation and reflection, abstract conceptualization and active experimentation. Concrete experience and abstract conceptualization are ways of how we think and transform experiences through the emotional responses. The concrete experience type emotionally converts the experiences through experiencing the feeling and concrete during the process. Whereas, abstract conceptualization type through planning, analyzing and thinking. Active experimentation and observation and reflection are methods of how we approach to the tasks and how we do. Active experimentation type, approach to tasks by actively doing the actual experiments. While observation and reflection approach to experiences by watching others throughout the tasks, and reflect on the situation. Based on the four elements, Kolb defined four distinct definitions of learning styles: diverging, assimilating, converging and accommodating (Kolb 1984). Diverging type has the elements of concrete experience and observation and reflection. Diverging type of people performs better in situations where creation of ideas needed, and collecting information. They look at things...

Words: 1060 - Pages: 5

Leadership

...An increasing number of educators have begun to discuss how leadership evolves to match this quickly changing world. Usually people believe good leaders should have outstanding charisma and skills in order to lead successfully. This essay, however, will examine the servant style of leaderships which, rather than relying upon command and control, is structured from the bottom-up. That is, servant leaders approach the organizational goals by establishing the organization’s norms to help people who is in need.(Tiaki, 2014). Servant leadership is of 3 core elements: listening, conceptualization and stewardship. This essay will discuss these three elements and demonstrate how they work in action by examining the life and exploits of Martin Luther King. When discussing about the servant leaders, the ability of listening can be emphasized at the very beginning. That is more than just listening. This is where making conscious efforts to hear not only the words that another person is saying but, more importantly, try to understand the complete message being sent. According to Nichols(2009),good listeners try to understand and realize what speakers say to them and no judgment will be delivered. So good listeners not only make speakers perceive that what they are talking about is interesting to the listeners but also to get information, understand and learn at the same time. For examples, If students can pay more attention and patience to listen to what teachers say in the lectures......

Words: 1997 - Pages: 8

Corporate Citizenship Towards an Extended Theoretical Conceptualization

...No. 04-2003 ICCSR Research Paper Series - ISSN 1479-5124 Corporate Citizenship: Towards an extended theoretical conceptualization Dirk Matten & Andrew Crane Research Paper Series International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility ISSN 1479-5124 Editor: Dirk Matten International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility Nottingham University Business School Nottingham University Jubilee Campus Wollaton Road Nottingham NG8 1BB United Kingdom Phone +44 (0)115 95 15261 Fax +44 (0)115 84 66667 Email dirk.matten@nottingham.ac.uk www.nottingham.ac.uk/business/ICCSR Corporate Citizenship: Towards an extended theoretical conceptualization Dirk Matten & Andrew Crane Abstract Corporate citizenship (CC) has emerged as a prominent term in the management literature dealing with the social role of business. This paper critically examines the content of contemporary understandings of CC and locates them within the extant body of research dealing with business-society relations. Two conventional views of CC are catalogued – a limited view which largely equates CC with strategic philanthropy and an equivalent view which primarily conflates CC with CSR. Significant limits and redundancies are subsequently identified in these views, and the need for an extended theoretical conceptualization is highlighted. The main purpose of the paper is thus to realize a theoretically informed definition of CC that is descriptively robust and conceptually distinct from existing concepts......

Words: 8686 - Pages: 35

A Child's Perception of Death

...research links Piaget’s developmental model to the development of the children's conceptualizations of death. Koocher’s article also suggests that culture is an important factor that influences the conceptualization of death (citation).   My particular field of study is clinical health psychology with a specialty of working with terminally ill children. In conducting my research, it was difficult to choose articles that discussed how children perceive death. All articles in this literature review are peer reviewed and were published in psychology journals. Many of the articles are based on adult bereavement studies and associated therapies. One of the biggest misconceptions that people make in relation to a child’s perception of death is that children think like adults. Children have a different approach to death and grief than do adults. A child’s perception is based on his or her age, culture, and environment. This paper is a literature review of research related to a child’s perception of death. Research shows that children go through developmental stages in their understanding of death, which are related to their age. Jean Piaget’s model of cognitive development is used to assess the validity of Maria Nagy and Sylvia Anthony’s (1948) developmental model. Their model is compared to Barbara Kane’s contemporary research article and Gerald Koocher’s findings on death conceptualization related to culture. Nagy and Anthony’s Developmental Model ......

Words: 1260 - Pages: 6

Abc Adlkl Ad

...Stan Shih’s “Smile” Curve Profitability High Low R&D (Patenting, new technology origination, etc.) Product Product Conceptualization Design Fabrication Branding (Manufacturing) (Product definition) Type of Production Activity Marketing & Distribution Customer Service Traditional Manufacturing: The Era of Pillar Industries and Industrial Conglomerates Profitability High Low Manufacturing (linked to R&D, Design) Type of Production Activity Branding Marketing Customer & Service Distribution “Upward Commodification” by Chinese Firms Original “smile” curve Profitability High Chinese firms begin from a base in manufacturing, and then move left into product design and right into branding. The innovations they engage in to make these moves, however, often standardize and lower the value of what were once very profitable activities. New “smile” curve after reverse engineering by Chinese firm Low R&D (Patenting, new technology origination, etc.) Product Product Conceptualization Design Fabrication Branding (Manufacturing) (Product definition) Type of Production Activity Marketing & Distribution Customer Service Modular Innovation: Creating Value in Unexpected Places Companies like Apple introduce software (i.e., iTunes), making the computer and other digital devices central to the way consumers purchase and listen to music. Profitability High Fabless semiconductor firm like Broadcom designs “system on a chip” solutions embedded in various pieces...

Words: 285 - Pages: 2

Conceptualization

...Running head: OBJECT RELATIONS CASE STUDY ! ! ! ! ! ! Object Relations Case Study of Melanie Freeland A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Raven N. Aponte Liberty University ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !1 OBJECT RELATIONS CASE STUDY !2 Abstract This case study presents the use of Object Relations Theory. Object Relations Theory is the relation between the internalized sense of self and others, and how it affects present relationships. OR therapy specifically focuses on the relationship between the child and early caregiver. OR theorist concludes how attachment styles influence the way an individual conceptualizes themselves as they relate to others. Object, refers to people, an environment, or images that are significant to emotions or intentions. Relations are represented by relationships the individual is engaged in, both interpersonal and internal. Melanie Freeland’s case is an applicable case for OR therapy. Melanie’s present concern regards her negative view of herself, due to her past abandonment; which is affecting her relationship with her daughter. The therapist gives a thorough case conceptualization, discussing the various aspects of reoccuring relationships, symptoms of split self constructs, false self, and uninvolved attachment styles. The therapist offers a treatment plan designed to help Melanie’s true self to emerge as a result of counseling. Using free association, interpretation, and insight, Melanie will begin to......

Words: 3056 - Pages: 13

Others

...Concrete Experience - (CE) 2. Reflective Observation - (RO) 3. Abstract Conceptualization - (AC) 4. Active Experimentation - (AE) In order to avoid learners reflecting on a 'so what experience', the cycle should force the learner to review and apply what they have learnt. An important part is to tempt the learner into self-appraisal of the learning by stepping back after the 'doing'. [pic] Our personal learning style is also an important aspect of the learning process. This preference for one learning style over another is something which Kolb sees as the product of two pairs of variables, or two separate 'choices'. The choice that we make is seen as a pair at odds with each other and at either end of a continuum: Concrete Experience - CE (feeling) versus Abstract Conceptualization - AC (thinking) Active Experimentation - AE (doing) versus Reflective Observation - RO (watching) If we look at an East-West axis or continuum, WEST represents Active Experimentation and EAST represents Reflective Observation. This is known as the Processing Continuum or how we approach a task. North Concrete Experience - CE (feeling) West Active Experimentation - AE (doing) ….. Reflective Observation - RO (watching) East South Abstract Conceptualization - AB (how we think about it) The north-south axis, as represented by Concrete Experience - CE (feeling) and Abstract Conceptualization is called the Perception Continuum (our emotional response, or how we think......

Words: 1375 - Pages: 6

Analyze Marshall’s Conceptualization of Citizenship and Its Relevance to Social Planning

...Analyze Marshall’s conceptualization of citizenship and its relevance to social planning The focus of this paper is to critically examine the content of contemporary understandings of Marshall `s conceptualization of citizenship and its relevance to social policy. The main agenda of the paper is to realize a theoretically informed definition of citizenship advanced by Marshall and concentrate mainly on the rights and obligations of citizenship; but also address the increasingly multi-tiered nature of the framing of membership, both in national and supra-national contexts, as well as the emergence of new citizenship claims and claims making. Lake (1994) holds that citizenship is defined by the sociologist guru Marshall as a “status, given to all full members of a community.” The status establishes the rights and duties of the individual in the society to achieve equality for all citizens. Marshall`s contribution shaped the policy in politics, health, education and rights of women in society. According to Marshall (1950) there are three elements of citizenship rights namely civil, political and social which will be analyzed in this essay and their relevance to social planning will be evaluated. Marshall spoke of the development of civil, political, and social citizenship as an evolutionary sequence. The rights embodied in the first pointed to those of the second, and the second to the third. Each, in succession, was secured over the three centuries following the 1688......

Words: 1529 - Pages: 7

Criminal Justice

...measures, and levels of measurement. We are going to address conceptualization by using substance abuse and related ideas as examples. For measurement, let us review first how measures of substance abuse have been created, utilizing procedures as available data, questions, observations, and less direct and prominent measures. We will also explain how to assess the validity and reliability of these measures. Finally, the level of measurement reflected in unrelated measures is our last topic. Hopefully, at the end of this you will have a fine comprehension of measurement. A concept is a mental image tat summarizes a set of similar observations, feelings, or ideas. "Concepts such as substance-free housing require an explicit definition before they are used in research because we cannot be certain that all readers will share the same definition. It is even more important to define concepts such as poverty or social control or strain, we cannot be certain that others know exactly what we mean." The meaning of concepts is often disputed among experts and illuminating the meaning of such concepts does not simply benefit those unfamiliar with them. In order to do ample work of conceptualization, we need more than just a definition, for our concepts. We will probably have to distinguish inner aspects of the concept. Conceptualization is defined as "The process of specifying what we mean by a term. In deductive research, conceptualization helps to translate portions of an abstract......

Words: 1226 - Pages: 5

Conceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice

...Conceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice In chapter 3 of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice there are four areas of focus. They are concepts, measurement operations, evaluation of measures, and levels of measurement. We are going to address conceptualization by using substance abuse and related ideas as examples. For measurement, let us review first how measures of substance abuse have been created, utilizing procedures as available data, questions, observations, and less direct and prominent measures. We will also explain how to assess the validity and reliability of these measures. Finally, the level of measurement reflected in unrelated measures is our last topic. Hopefully, at the end of this you will have a fine comprehension of measurement. A concept is a mental image tat summarizes a set of similar observations, feelings, or ideas. "Concepts such as substance-free housing require an explicit definition before they are used in research because we cannot be certain that all readers will share the same definition. It is even more important to define concepts such as poverty or social control or strain, we cannot be certain that others know exactly what we mean." The meaning of concepts is often disputed among experts and illuminating the meaning of such concepts does not simply benefit those unfamiliar with them. In order to do ample work of conceptualization, we need more than just a definition, for our......

Words: 1234 - Pages: 5

Case Conceptualizatio

...Visit the TDC Blog for more from Merriam Sanders.
 Visit the TDC Blog for more from Merriam Sanders. Ten
Things
I
Wish
I
Had
Known
About
.
.
.
 Case
Conceptualization
 Conceptualizing
the
primary
contributing
factors
to
a
client’s
case
is
a
sometimes
 overlooked
piece
of
an
MFT
Intern’s
training.
Case
conceptualization
is
important
 for
developing
a
good
treatment
plan
and
enables
you
to
speak
intelligently
about
 your
client
in
supervision,
collaboration,
and
consultation;
plus,
it
helps
immensely
 in
job
interviews
and
passing
the
exam.
So,
what
goes
into
a
good
case
 conceptualization?
 1. MENTAL
STATUS
EXAM

A
mental
status
exam
(MSE)
consists
of
a
short
list
of
 quick
observations
that
contribute
to
your
case
conceptualization.
There
is
no
 need
for
a
formal
checklist;
it
is
something
you
should
always
have
in
the
back
of
 your
mind.
Is
my
client’s
affect
congruent
with
the
situation?
Is
she
dressed
as
I
 would
expect?
Does
she
seem
oriented
to
person,
place
and
time?
Other
factors
 to
note
in
the
MSE
are:
age,
gender,
culture,
marital
status,
appearance,
 mood/affect,
speech,
non‐verbal
cues,
presence
of
hallucinations
or
delusions,
 suicidality,
homicidality,
drugs,
and
ETOH
(alcohol).
It
is
a
quick
snapshot
into
 the
presenting
status
of
the
client.
If
communicating
with
another
professional,
 you
could
mention
how
you
obtained
the
information,
e.g.,
unstructured
clinical
 interview,
structured
clinical
forms,
or
combination
thereof.
 2. PRESENT...

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

Conceptualization of Mass Communication

...Assignment Topic: Conceptualization of Mass Communication Subject: Introduction to Mass Communication Institute of Communication Studies University of the Punjab Introduction to Communication: When an organization employs a technology as a medium to communicate with a large audience, mass communication is said to have occurred. The professionals at the New York Times (an organization) use printing presses and the newspaper (technology and medium) to reach their readers (a large audience). The writers, producers, filmmakers, and other professionals at the Cartoon Network use various audio and video technologies, satellites, cable television, and home receivers to communicate with their audience. Warner Brothers places ads in magazines to tell readers what movies it is releasing. But as you no doubt know—and as you’ll be reminded constantly throughout this text—the mass communication environment is changing quite radically. When you receive a piece of direct-mail advertising addressed to you by name, and in which your name is used throughout, you are an audience of one—not the large audience envisioned in traditional notions of mass communication. When you sit at your computer and send an e-mail to twenty thousand people who have signed on to a Listserv dedicated to a particular subject, you are obviously communicating with a large audience, but you are not an organization in the sense of a newspaper, cable television network, or movie studio. The availability of......

Words: 992 - Pages: 4

Case Conceptualization

...Case conceptualization as defined by Erford (2010) refers to “How professional counselors understand the nature of clients’ concerns, how and why the problems have developed, and the types of counseling interventions that might be helpful.” Additionally, “A good case conceptualization should effectively link a client’s presenting problem to a treatment plan as well as provide the basis for tailoring treatment to client need and expectations” (Sperry, 2005). Sperry continues by stating that “The purpose of a well-articulated case conceptualization is to better understate and more effectively treat a client or client-system, that is, a couple or family.” Assessment is the preliminary process of case conceptualization, which according to Barlow & Durand (2003) and Nystul (2006) includes “intake interviews, test and inventories, behavioral observations, and relevant information gather from other source.” A thorough assessment is important in collecting sufficient information in order to understand the underlining issue of the client. Erford (2010) argues that “a good treatment plan requires an assessment appropriate to the client’s presenting concerns and a case conceptualization that includes an understanding of what the problem is, how it developed, and how to deal with it”. Who, what, when, where, why, and how should be addressed in the assessment process and are pivotal in formulating a comprehensive case conceptualization. An accurate comprehensive assessment is...

Words: 795 - Pages: 4