Compare and Contrast Structuralism and Functionalism

In: Social Issues

Submitted By etb2
Words 1322
Pages 6
COMPARE AND CONTRAST STRUCTURALISM AND FUNCTIONALISM

In my opinion both of the theories structuralism and functionalism involved the study of the human mind and how it works and they were both concerned with the mind at the conscious level. Personally, my feel of the two is that functionalism is more important than structuralism. I believe that functionalism is far better school than structuralism as it is more flexible and scientific in nature which I can relate myself with. I happen to think that functionalism is an object that is designed to determine solely by its function. These are a few of the similarities between structuralism and functionalism. Throughout this paper I will further explore some of the differences between these two systems of psychology. I support the idea that consciousness has to be studied as a whole and that sciences of other field can help to do so. In my opinion the very use of introspection in structuralism is definitely an unreliable form of studying conscience and my personal believe is that consciousness is a too complex subject that cannot be explained in such a way. (Read more about it at) http://courses.nus.edu.sg/course/elljwp/structuralism.htm My second believe is that functionalism can be found in contemporary psychology and it is the evidence that strengthens the fact that structuralism’s assumptions were invalid. The fact that there have been schools and applications of psychology which emerged from functionalism, some of them are developmental psychology, clinical psychology, psychological testing, industrial or vocational psychology. Moreover functionalism was used as a basis for behaviorism to develop structuralism and functionalisms which are both theories of psychology that found their origins in the early years of the birth of psychology. Based on my readings in the history of psychology,…...

Similar Documents

Compare and Contrast

...Compare and Contrast Paper It has long been said that the redneck sport of the United States is the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing more formerly known as NASCAR. Some people may not know about the other auto racing series that occasionally comes to the United States to compete. That series is known as Formula 1. NASCAR and Formula 1 have stark differences in where they race, how they race. Did you know that both series average speed is faster than the speed needed for a Boeing 747? A Boeing 747 requires between 150 to 200 miles per hour to take off. Right off the bat, the differences start. One of the biggest differences is the locations that these two series race. NASCAR primary races in the United States but does occasionally race in Mexico and Canada, although they did not during this past year’s season. NASCAR races in 23 cities around the country hitting many of them twice a season (2013 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series TV Broadcast Schedule). Formula 1 currently races in 19 different countries, spanning four continents and hitting each track only once during the season. NASCAR has an average of 36 races a season, while Formula 1 currently has 20 races a season. The next comparison is the vehicles that are used to provide all of the entertainment value that we see on television on a weekly basis. NASCAR drivers race in a closed wheel, closed driver compartment car. Due to NASCAR’s ongoing commitment to safety and entertainment NASCAR recently developed a......

Words: 645 - Pages: 3

Compare and Contrast

...Compare and contrast “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty” and “The Necklace” Dreams, sacrifice, marital unhappiness and escapism are often themes involving men and women in English Literature. Throughout history, stories have been filled with main characters living out fantasies and dreams, hoping for more out of their own lives, only to find they had what they wanted right in front of them, all along. These aforementioned these are the main focuses of the two stories I am going to write about, “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty,” by James Thurber and “The Necklace,” by Guy de Maupassant. The main characters in these two stories are, Walter Mitty, in “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty” and Mathilde Loisel in “The Necklace.” Both characters are dreamers of a different, fancier or exciting life, which ultimately cause problems for each character. This paper will compare and contrast these two stories by showing, although each was written very differently, both are from different time periods, different languages, different social settings, and each have different outcomes, they are still very much the same. In “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty,” it portrays the inner soliloquy of a man’s mind flowing in and out of fantasies as he completes his routine tasks on an otherwise routine day.   Walter Mitty is trapped in an unhappy marriage with an overbearing wife, who runs his life in every moment she is present in the story. Walter’s story begins deep in a fantasy battle,......

Words: 2327 - Pages: 10

Compare and Contrast

...Tuesday/Thursday 10:30-11:45 Compare and Contrast The two pieces of art I've chosen to compare, contrast, and analyze are Woman at the Height of her Beauty, by Kitagawa Utamaro and Mother and Child, by Mary Cassatt. Both pieces are reflective of different societies of the time period in which they were created, and both pieces have a background and deeper meaning that goes beyond what meets the viewers eye. However, the aesthetic appeal varies greatly between the two pieces, as do the ideas they correspond to. Woman at the Height of her Beauty, which was made out of color woodblock print, depicts an Asian woman. The artist used linear movements and minimal decoration to create the woman's form, and in doing so created a simplified yet elegant depiction. Though she is portrayed simply and plainly, her hair pieces and clothing are more elaborate, which draws the viewer's eye to her clothes and accessories rather than the woman. This technique of using vague individual features allows the artist to portray women as a group, rather than an individual woman. The woman's facial expression and the position of her body, namely her hands, which she appears to be stretching, give the impression that she is preparing to do tedious and important tasks. If one were to compare these aspects with the title of the piece, one could come to the conclusion that the artist sees women who work hard and are the most successful to be of the most beauty. This reflects the societal views of......

Words: 751 - Pages: 4

Compare and Contrast

...Comparison and Contrast essay about gender. Most children grow up and develop their own personalities. In this essay, I will indicate the similarities and differences I have found within two toddlers and their characteristics. Taylor a 3-year-old girl and Savien a 2-year-old boy about to turn three. Savien and Taylor are wonderful kids that love to play all the time. Taylor is a quiet, shy, active, happy, organize, and an attentive type of child. She likes to observe people before she plays or talks to them. She likes to sit in the corner while watching TV and she doesn’t speak much. If you don’t ask her if she is hungry she won’t tell you because she is a very introverted child. Furthermore, she likes dolls, and she plays with them carefully. She also likes to play cars with Savien but she always put them back where they belong after she plays with them, unlike Savien. She is a very active child but likes to play quietly unlike Savien who plays loudly. Taylor is a happy child and a good friend of Savien. Savien is a very destructive, aggressive, active, nosy, happy, messy, and talkative child. He plays with his toys recklessly. Every time he plays with his toys they get damaged or lost. He doesn’t care about them but he likes to play with them. He is a very messy child that plays and leaves his toys everywhere. He likes to play in a more aggressive manner than Taylor, punching and fighting more so. He at times plays rough with Taylor and does not understand that he......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2

Compare and Contrast

...Strategies for Persuasion Using Compare and Contrast The two essays that I’ve chosen were “I Want a Wife” by Judy Brady” and my other one was “Sister Flowers” by Maya Angelou. I’ve reread the both of these essays twice just to get the feel of these two essays. In the essay of “I Want a Wife” I looked for the key elements that the Authors had used in this essay. In that essay the author’s purpose was that to show women of how the males treat females in a wrong manner. This is something that maybe all women had been gone through some point in time in their lives, but this is going on in today’s world, it is a relatable subject. It is quoted by Judy Brady that she said in her essay that she wanted all females to think in her message (“those women were being underappreciated, and that she is fed up with it)”. When telling this essay the sound of her tone was I would think that she was angry, but hearing how she had write this essay it seems as if she was calm. My other essay “Sister Flowers” is totally different different from my other essay. In this essay Maya Angelou is an American author, a poet with a remarkable voice telling her stories. When you listen to Maya Angelou tell a story, it almost feels like you’re right there with her, this is a good description essay, and a narrative essay. The purpose of this essay is of revelation; it is quoted that to (reveal the catalyst of her own literary experience, a muse who is a social and racial template for goodness). In the both...

Words: 377 - Pages: 2

Compare and Contrast

...Compare and Contrast His/110CA-U.S. History to 1865 02/11/2014 Charles Slater Compare and Contrast In 1607, 104 men survived a journey which would bring them to the American coast. They sailed into the Chesapeake Bay and up a river which they would later name the James. ("America History", 2007). There where many things that were revealed that caused the failure of some colonies and the success of others. From disease to greed and all the other ups and downs that molded America today. Major differences between the British colonies and the French colonies where the greed and the way the two colonies performed actions that made them fruitful in all the endeavors they were making their goals. Take for intense when the British first came over their goals weren’t clearly set out and endorsed by companies that did not well equip the people they sent over very well, which made it so colonist were very unprepared and met catastrophe. The goals that the British companies had set where small colonies, based for trade and they wanted fur and other agricultural items. The British had little to no regard for the Indians land and saw it as property that could be bought and sold, The British also believed that the land was their God given right and it was their job to use the land. They did trade with the Indians but didn’t see the major uses for the local understanding. The French on the other had came over and set a major problem for the British. The French colonist...

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Compare and Contrast Functionalism and Structuralism

...self. Two contrasting images of the person In the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century writings of McDougall and James, we can see the origins of two competing images of the person which persistently run through social psychological theorizing and research. McDougall’s image is of a person who is largely the product of their innate, biological instincts and drives, moulded by social and cultural forces into civilized members of society. This image portrays people as passive and lacking self-awareness. Even though they have, in civilized society, gained the ability to make moral judgements and thus behave ethically, this is through the internalization of civilized codes of conduct. Consequently, they lack free will. James, in contrast, held an image of the person as a self-aware, self-conscious and selfdetermined being, who actively and purposively makes sense of the world in a connected manner and, crucially, has the capacity for free will: Of course we measure ourselves by many standards. Our strength and our intelligence, our wealth and even our good luck, are things that warm our heart and make us feel ourselves a match for life. But deeper than all such things, and able to suffice unto itself without them, is the sense of the amount of effort which we can put forth. Those are, after all, but effects, products and reflections of the outer world within. But the effort seems to belong to an altogether different realm, as if it were the substantive thing that we......

Words: 14315 - Pages: 58

Compare and Contrast

...Compare and Contrast ENGL 102-C04: Composition and Literature Spring C 2015 APA Thesis Statement and Outline “The Most Dangerous Game” and “The Child by Tiger” are two short stories that are different in some ways as well as they have some aspects in common, both characters portray good and evil personalities. The twists in these stories will make one’s imagination run wild and they have the ability to entertain the mind. I. Introduction: The Most Dangerous Game and The Child by Tiger both character had a portrayed good and evil. II. The Most Dangerous Game short story by Richard Connell A. Major plot was to hunt human. B. To outsmart everyone he hunted. C. Thought he could control his destiny. III. The Child by Tiger short story by Thomas Wolfe A. Major plot no one is perfect B. How one can be easily misled by not knowing God for yourself? C. See both sides of good and evil. IV. Exodus 20:13, “Thou shalt not kill”. V. Conclusion Introduction “The Most Dangerous Game” by Richard Connell and “The Child by Tiger” by Thomas Wolfe were meant for two different audiences, the saved and sinner. By the end of both stories one will quickly realize that both characters had killer instincts. Both stories fall in a fiction novel category.......

Words: 1312 - Pages: 6

Compare and Contrast

...John Nicolet June 5, 2015 Compare and Contrast 1. Compare and contrast the Magna Carta to the U.S. Constitution. A.The 6th amendment of the Constitution reads "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjpy the right to be confronted with the witness against him." Also it was in the Magna Carta that "No freeman shall be taken or imprsioned or exiled or in any waydestroyrd except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land. B. In Paragraph 29 of the Magna Carta it reads as follows, "No freeman is to be taken or imprisoned or disseised of his free tenement or of his liberties or free customs, or outlawed or exiled or in any way ruined, nor will we go against such a man or send against him save by lawful judgement of his peers or by the law of the land. To no-one will we sell or deny of delay right or justice. It reads the same in Amendment 6 that " In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial..wherein the crime shall have been committed." 2. Compare and contrast the English bill of rights of 1689 and the U.S. Constitution. A.The Bill creates separation of powers, limits the powers of the king and queen, enhances the democratic election and bolsters freedom of speech as well in the Constitution it talks about the seperation of power of each branch of the government. For example in Article 3 Section 2 talks about the Judical branches power and powers that the Supreme......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Compare and Contrast on Structuralism and Functionslism

...FUNCTIONALISM V. STRUCTURALISM  Myrna Davis WashingtonUniversity of the Rockies  Abstract In this paper, we compare and contrast the theories of Structuralism, which was structuralismdeveloped out of early attempts to establish psychology as a separate discipline from philosophyand biology, and Functionalism, which was developed by American psychologists in response tothe theory of Structuralism. Additionally, this discussion includes the contributions andrelevance of these theories to contemporary psychology. The theories of structuralism and functionalism (“America’s psychology”) were psychology’s first theoretical approaches. Both “structural” psychology and “functional” psychology were the “mind-children” of E. B. Titchener, a former graduate student of Wilhelm Wundt who had only been in the United States for six years when he wrote an article entitled “The Postulates of a Structural Psychology” which appeared in an 1898 issue of the journalPsychological Review (Goodwin, 2008). In the article, Titchener presented an approach he named “structural” psychology and contrasted it with what he called “functional psychology”, the psychology he saw being taught at American universities (Goodwin, 2008). Structural psychology, he postulated, was analogous to anatomy in that its purpose was to analyze thehuman mind and organize into its basic units or conscious elements (thoughts). Structuralism, or experimental psychology , used self-reflective introspection to explore the......

Words: 1361 - Pages: 6

Structuralism vs Functionalism

...FUNCTIONALISM V. STRUCTURALISM  Myrna Davis WashingtonUniversity of the Rockies  Abstract In this paper, we compare and contrast the theories of Structuralism, which was structuralismdeveloped out of early attempts to establish psychology as a separate discipline from philosophyand biology, and Functionalism, which was developed by American psychologists in response tothe theory of Structuralism. Additionally, this discussion includes the contributions andrelevance of these theories to contemporary psychology. The theories of structuralism and functionalism (“America’s psychology”) were psychology’s first theoretical approaches. Both “structural” psychology and “functional” psychology were the “mind-children” of E. B. Titchener, a former graduate student of Wilhelm Wundt who had only been in the United States for six years when he wrote an article entitled “The Postulates of a Structural Psychology” which appeared in an 1898 issue of the journalPsychological Review (Goodwin, 2008). In the article, Titchener presented an approach he named “structural” psychology and contrasted it with what he called “functional psychology”, the psychology he saw being taught at American universities (Goodwin, 2008). Structural psychology, he postulated, was analogous to anatomy in that its purpose was to analyze thehuman mind and organize into its basic units or conscious elements (thoughts). Structuralism, or experimental psychology , used self-reflective introspection to explore the......

Words: 1361 - Pages: 6

Compare and Contrast Functionalism and Marxism as Models for the Way Society Operates

...Sociologists approach the study of society in different ways. Two concepts of society are functionalism and Marxism. Functionalists believe that different parts of society work together to keep the society running whereas Marxists believe societies are unequal and unfair. Both concepts differ in their views of how society operates for instance a Marxist would claim that there are only 2 classes and it is very hard to progress up a class whereas a functionalist would disagree and claim the harder you work, the more you achieve and the better your social position. Functionalists believe society works like a human body for instance every part of society works to keep it going just like organs in a body and that the human body grows and develops as does society. They also believe that society is more important than the individual and that social institutions exist in order to keep the social order. For example the education system socialises us into the culture of society and this provides us with our values which support the society. A Marxist would disagree with this view, they see social institutions being used by the ruling class to control the working class and that education give people their values which support the bourgeoisie exploitation. For example in a child’s learning life they are taught to strictly obey rules which follows them into working life. Functionalists also believe in meritocracy which is if you work harder, you get further. For example someone......

Words: 698 - Pages: 3

Compare and Contrast

...GE 117 Compare and Contrast Essay 05/20/2014 Marriage vs. Living Together This essay intends to identify some differences on marriage versus living single. In more recent generations, men and women have argued this amongst each other for what seems like eternity. Traditionally, a man meets a woman or vice versa, they get to know each other then eventually decide to get married and live their lives together. There seems to be a recent trend toward people staying single. I am one hundred percent certain that every man and woman has lived the single life at one point or the other and that lifestyle came with many ups and downs. Freedom in ones’ personal space is probably the greatest selling point of being single. No one can truly explain the joy in having the freedom to leave and return home whenever they chose to. Being able to go out whenever and wherever you want is an added bonus. Being single offers people the idea of non-commitment so they can be free to hang out with whomever they desired or date many different people. Being single may be a viable option when it comes to personal finances. Usually single people even single parents do not spend a lot of money on food as such. Frozen dinners or quick to prepare meals like macaroni and cheese are probably on a single person’s menu at home. A single person normally rents an apartment or room as compared to owning a house. Depending on the State in which a single person lives, there may be tax breaks that would profit...

Words: 571 - Pages: 3

Compare and Contrast

...Compare and Contrast Calla Erickson HUM\176 12-16-11 Lavon Axia College The breaking news that I found on all three web sites were, the Penn State scandal Although this story disgusts me, it is the only one I could find on all three web sites. After reviewing this information I have found that the stories on Msnbc.com and Foxnews. com are very similar. Cnn.com has a slightly different approach to “spreading the word” I also noticed that with Cnn the story is a little different than on Msnbc and Fox. It seems like Cnn might have heard different information than Msnbc and Fox as it is stated differently on all web sites. Cnn seems like a very good web site to go to if you want good reliable information. I appreciate how they tell the story how it is, and they do not seem to be biased with their information. I also like how they tell the whole story instead of jumping into the middle of what has allegedly happened. I like how Cnn uses their approach to the breaking news stories, they do not seem like they are taking sides with anyone although im sure no one would be taking sides with the person in question. Msnbc seems to tell the story well too. I think they tried to get the story out sooner rather than taking their time to make sure they have all of the information they need. I like how Msnbc does not seem bias. They tell the information the way it is supposed to be told, by not......

Words: 443 - Pages: 2

Compare and Contrast

...Compare and contrast three different types of thinking and comment on how each effects the critical thinking process Logical Creative Optimistic Creative and logical-- Critical thinking and decision making is the process to find the truth. An important aspect of thinking is the process that relies on the ability to coordinate and structure our ideas so that they make sense. Training our mind to use the critical thinking process gives people a better understanding of the information. This paper will discuss the three different thinking styles. It will also compare and contrast logical style, persuasive style, and creative style. Critical thinking will be applied to the decision making process by using work environment examples. The logical style of thinking is a complex process in which reasoning is used to come to a conclusion. This style involves a sequence of steps or thoughts used to solve a problem. According to Kirby and Goodpaster (2007), along with creative thought, inductive and deductive logic comprise the bedrock and substance of all our thinking. Using the two major elements of logical thinking, deductive and inductive reasoning, solutions can be tested with tried and true methods. This style is very distinct and follows a more structured and analytical path using proven methods in order to reach the conclusions. When comparing logical thinking to the creative and persuasive styles of thinking, all three require detailed processes to reach conclusions.......

Words: 1226 - Pages: 5