Children Under 7 Case Study

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Children Under 7 Case Study
Anjeana Epps
Liberty University Online - APA

Abstract
The paper will discuss the myelination and the corpus callosum and define and discuss the prefrontal cortex as well as the limbic systems as it relates to the development of a child under the age of 7. Further this paper will explore Paget's theories on of how children under the age of 7 experience different cognitive developments which don't support critical thinking, and Erickson's theory that children under the age of 7 must resolve several crisis that involve the need of the individual conflicting with the needs of society. This papers perspective will show that a child under the age of 7 is not capable of being criminally responsible.

Children under the age of 7 should not be held criminally responsible for crimes due to the biological underdevelopment of their brains, the immaturities of their thought processes and the lack of resolution of their psychosocial stages. By ages 6 children have less myelination (fatty tissue that speeds the transmission from neuron to neuron) than teenagers. During this time, myelination areas focus on the motor and sensory area not on information processing that is significantly slower (page 220). Myelination also affects the development of the corpus callosum which affects communication between the right an left hemispheres of the brain. Another biological issue is the lack of maturation of the prefrontal cortex. May children under 6 years of age are unbalanced which is evidenced by impulsivity (pg 223). Impulse control "the ability to postpone or deny the immediate response to an idea or behavior." Poor impulse control, indicates a personality disorder in adults, but does not in early childhood, in early childhood it is quite normal. Perseveration "the tendency to persevere in, or stick to, one…...

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