Children Under 7 Case Study

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By ginaepps
Words 1046
Pages 5
Running head: Case Study

Children Under 7 Case Study
Anjeana Epps
Liberty University Online - APA

The paper will discuss the myelination and the corpus callosum and define and discuss the prefrontal cortex as well as the limbic systems as it relates to the development of a child under the age of 7. Further this paper will explore Paget's theories on of how children under the age of 7 experience different cognitive developments which don't support critical thinking, and Erickson's theory that children under the age of 7 must resolve several crisis that involve the need of the individual conflicting with the needs of society. This papers perspective will show that a child under the age of 7 is not capable of being criminally responsible.

Children under the age of 7 should not be held criminally responsible for crimes due to the biological underdevelopment of their brains, the immaturities of their thought processes and the lack of resolution of their psychosocial stages. By ages 6 children have less myelination (fatty tissue that speeds the transmission from neuron to neuron) than teenagers. During this time, myelination areas focus on the motor and sensory area not on information processing that is significantly slower (page 220). Myelination also affects the development of the corpus callosum which affects communication between the right an left hemispheres of the brain. Another biological issue is the lack of maturation of the prefrontal cortex. May children under 6 years of age are unbalanced which is evidenced by impulsivity (pg 223). Impulse control "the ability to postpone or deny the immediate response to an idea or behavior." Poor impulse control, indicates a personality disorder in adults, but does not in early childhood, in early childhood it is quite normal. Perseveration "the tendency to persevere in, or stick to, one…...

Similar Documents

Under Amour Case Study

...Under Armour: Using IMC to create a brand for this generation’s athletes. Question1. What promotional opportunities gave Under Armour its initial success? Answer. Under Armour achieved its initial success due to a couple of promotional elements found in Integrated Marketing Communication (IMC) which created a promotional mix and by also purchasing a patent for its product. The first of these promotional elements used by Under Armour during its early years is advertising. Under Armour first began advertising by word of mouth after photos had appeared in the USA today paper of an Oakland player football player wearing an Under Armour shirt. This created major publicity for Under Armour which then led to Under Armour purchasing a full page ad in ESPN The Magazine. This generated over $750,000 in sales and the apparel also appeared in movies such as “Any Given Sunday.” Under Armour became such a household name that Georgia Tech purchased 300 shirts for its entire team, which also enabled the company to become even more successful. Under Armour created a promotional mix which not only informed the perspective buyers about the benefits of the product, but also persuaded them to buy it and reminded them later about the benefit they received from using the product. The company had four main goals in mind (1) build a great product, which allowed them to expand beyond making shirts, but to create a complete line of apparel such as pants, short, outerwear etc. (2) tell a great......

Words: 694 - Pages: 3

Case Study 7

...Case Study By Virgilio John Costin For GM591 – Leadership and Organizational Behavior Professor Bhupinder S. Sran Keller Graduate School of Management March 24, 2013 Contents 1. Group Development 3 2. Problem Identification 3 3. Retrospective Evaluation 4 4. Reflection 4 Bibliography 5 1. Group Development According to the text, there are five stages of group or “team” development which are as follows: a. Forming – where the team members get to know one another b. Storming – at this stage, the group is defining tasks to be performed and are also dealing with any group tensions. c. Norming – where the group begins to work together and building relationships d. Performing – the stage where the group’s relationship matures and complex tasks are handled creatively. This is when the group is most stable. e. Adjourning – the stage where the work is completed and the group disbands. I believe that Christine’s group is still at the storming stage because the group has not reached cohesion to be classified as being within the norming stage. The fact is, Mike seems to be in limbo somewhere and sees himself as still somewhat of an outsider especially when he encountered the group in the cafeteria having an impromptu meeting. Although Christine seems to be an organized person, her demeanor in dealing with Mike’s issues shows a lack of leadership skills. Having knowledge of group development would have given her......

Words: 748 - Pages: 3

Case Study of Under Armour

...Case Study Analysis of Under Armour Module: Lecturer: Submission Date: Word Count: Matriculation number: Contemporary Issues in Strategic Management Maurice Brunet 15th November 2013 2990 (max. 3.000) 40131612 1 Introduction Under Armour, founded in 1996 by former University of Maryland football player Kevin Plank, is an American sports apparel company with headquarter in Maryland, US. Kevin Plank had the idea of making a t-shirt that is able to enhance athletes’ performance by controlling the body’s temperature and acting like a second skin. In only 14 years, Plank has succeeded in building Under Armour into a worldwide operating company that offers a wide range of premium priced sport articles including performance apparel, footwear and accessories. As of 2010, Under Armour was able to generate sales revenue of $1.06 billion of which the majority comes from Canada and the United States. Under Armour’s vision is to become the world’s leading performance athletic apparel by pursuing the mission of making “… athletes better through passion, science, and the relentless pursuit of innovation” (Ireland et al., 2013, p.378). The following report provides an analysis of the company Under Armour based on information from Ireland et al. (2013) in Management of Strategy. The paper is divided in the following three parts: 1. Five Forces analysis of the sportswear industry 2. Value chain analysis of Under Armour 3. Under Armour’s generic strategy. 1 2 Five Forces......

Words: 3728 - Pages: 15

Case Study for Children Under Seven

...Case Study for Children under Seven Liberty University PSYC 210-D06 The brain of a six year old has not yet completely developed. The right hemisphere responsible for reasoning, analyzing, and thinking logically and the left hemisphere responsible for emotions are not in clear, constant, and complete communication. The Biosocial Development phase of growth is where a child’s brain will grow rapidly (Berger, 2008). A child of this age will not be able to stay on task for very long. They tend to wander from activity or toy to another activity regularly. Keeping on task and the lack of development within a child to concentrate enough for an activity for any period of time lends us to believe that a child would not be cognizant of an action that would be considered a crime. During this time in a child’s life they begin to develop a sense of learning as their impulsiveness will decrease. Even though this development begins at an early age, children at this age “experience more injuries and abuse than older children, partly because they are impulsive, immature, and dependent” p. 224. Children are unable to comprehend the difference between reality and what the child believes. During the Cognitive Development stage six year olds are self-centered, which means the child can only view the world from his own perspective and the child believes that the world remains the same as long as he is not watching. In other words, 6 year olds are unable to think critically for......

Words: 657 - Pages: 3

Under Armour Case Study

...Management 3-17-15 Under Armour Case Study Under Armour was founded by Kevin Plank a former collegiate football player at University of Maryland. Being an athlete and having to wear heavy sweaty shirts from playing he came up with an idea for a fabric that is cooler and comfortable to the athlete. He had passed on a job opportunity out of college and decided to take his idea and sell t-shirts instead. From what started as just a t-shirt idea had grown quickly into a powerful brand name with unlimited possibilities of growth in a very big industry. Before it became Under Armour it was formally called KP Sports which was a subchapter S corporation. After this Plank was able to convince Kip Fulks to be a partner in this enterprise and when money got tight he would borrow from family to keep the idea alive. This whole operation took place inside Planks grandmother basement until enough funds were secured to take out a small loan to move the operation to an actual facility. Later on the two of them acquired another friend as a partner by the name of Ryan Wood. After this the business truly began to take off and was no longer considered a S corporation but a C corporation. It wasn’t until late 2005 the company changed its name to Under Armour and became a publicly traded company. Now Under Armour is involved in the development, marketing, and distribution of performance apparel, footwear, and accessories for men and women of all ages. In the industry that Under......

Words: 2729 - Pages: 11

Under Armour Case Study

...Under Armour Case Study Source: Hogan, 2013 Table of contents Detailed Timeline 3 Business and Corporate Level Planning 4 Brief Summary of the Company Situation in their Competitive Environment, Issues they Face and Clear Problem Statement to Analyze 6 Key Leadership 8 Types of innovation and Evidence of Entrepreneurship 10 Global Presence and Effects 11 Ethics - Examples of Social Consciousness/Corporate Social Responsibility 12 Responsible Wealth Creation 14 Engagement and Plan Alignment & Corporate Culture 15 Wild Card 16 Internal Analysis 17 External Analysis 20 SWOT Analysis 24 Recommendation 27 Bibliography 33 Appendix 37 Team Member Roles 46 Detailed Timeline It all started in 1995 when Kevin Plank, the special teams captain on the University of Maryland football team, noticed that the cotton T-shirts he and his teammates wore underneath their pads were always soaked and filled with sweat (Under Armour, 2012). “There has to be something better,” he believed (Under Armour, 2012). That statement soon launched the performance apparel industry (Under Armour, 2012). That statement also became Under Armour’s generic strategy, which was to develop a better product than there was in the market. While Plank was perfecting his t-shirt after he graduated, he needed funds to launch his apparel line, so he maxed out his credit cards to the tune of $40,000 and set up a company in his grandmother’s basement in Washington, DC (Under Armour, 2012).......

Words: 12862 - Pages: 52

Case Study - the Children with Lead Poisoning

...CASE STUDY 1 – THE CHILDREN WITH LEAD POISONING A physician working for the US Public Health Service moves to Los Angeles to assume the directorship of an inner-city health care facility for the disadvantaged. Over a period of time, she notices that an unusually large number of children brought to clinic are experiencing joint pain, difficulty walking and excessive salivation. Some have had seizures. Also many of their parents note that the children’s personalities have changed, with normally outgoing children becoming shy and withdrawn. The physician decides to investigate the situation and contacts the CDC, which sends an epidemiologist to assist her. They obtain more complete medical histories for 15 children, ranging from 6-15 years of age and perform blood and urine tests on each. In addition to the signs and symptoms already noted, the children frequently report numbness and tingling in their limbs; they perform poorly on hearing, vision and intelligence tests; their lab results how reduced RBC counts and traces of lead in blood and urine. All of these children live in the same housing project, play together in the same neighborhood and contribute a little to the family finances by salvaging scrap metal from a closed manufacturing plant nearby and selling it to recyclers. When the epidemiologist inspects the site, he finds paint peeling from the factory walls and dust on the floor composed in large part of pulverized paint chips. Analysis of the paint chips and......

Words: 1216 - Pages: 5

Under Armour Case Study

...Lindsey Professor Chewens Under Armour Case Study Under Armour is an American sports clothing and accessories company that is headquarted in Baltimore, Maryland. Their mission is to make athletes better and they have stayed true to this mission. They center their brand on the authentic performance category and are constantly in the pursuit of innovation in mobility, temperature regulation, and comfort enhancement. The company’s heavy investment in product research and development has led to their desired results of innovation in apparel and footwear. Their innovation and product differentiation has created a competitive advantage. They are currently on top of the industry when it comes to high quality and comfort. Under Armour offers three variations of its appareal for different weather conditions. They offer HeatGear for hot weather, ColdGear for cold weather, and AllSeasonGear for mild weather conditions. Within these three gearlines there are three primary fit types: compression, fitted and loose. Under Armour’s success has resulted mainly from its sports marketing strategy through sponsorship of well-known, admired professional athletes such as Tom Brady and Stephen Curry. Under Armour has also strategically scored sport team’s sponsorship of many NCAA Division I Universities. This exposure has directly influenced the performance of the company in the market. Nike is the most dominating player in the athletic apparel industry, surpassing Under Armour and Adidas......

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

Case Study Homework 7

...Case Study 7 Case 1 D.K. is being seen in the clinic for complaints of urinary frequency, urgency, and burning. She reports that her urine appears cloudy and smells abnormal. A urine culture is obtained, and D.K. is given a prescription for antibiotics. 1) What is the most likely cause of D.K.’s signs and symptoms? The most likely cause of the signs and symptoms is a urinary tract infection. 2) Was antibiotic therapy the appropriate treatment? What organism should the antibiotic be effective against since it is the most common cause of this disorder? Yes, antibiotics are indicated for symptomatic urinary tract infection. E. Coli causes about 80% of UTIs. 3) What factors predispose to development of this urinary tract disorder? Factors that predispose the development of a UTI are: sexually active women, failure to void after intercourse, incorrect hygiene (i.e. wiping from front to back), female anatomy, low estrogen in postmenopausal women, catheters, tubes or foreign objects placed in the urinary tract, pregnancy and diabetes mellitus. 4) What strategies could be suggested to help D.K. avoid recurrence of this problem? Strategies that will help to avoid the recurrence of an UTI: If sexually active void after intercourse, wipe perineal area from front to back, wear cotton crotch underwear, drink six to eight glasses of water a day, avoid bubble baths and highly perfumed soaps, avoid douches and feminine hygiene deodorants. Case 2 P.W.......

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Case Study 7 The destiny of our church depends on how its members regard the revelation and authority of the Bible. In the following pages I have summarized the biblical self-testimony on its revelation and authority. The major focus of the paper is biblical authority, but a short statement concerning revelation-inspiration-illumination introduces the subject, and other biblical testimony on the nature of revelation is subsumed under the discussion of biblical authority. The paper also includes a brief historical treatment of the Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment understandings of biblical revelation/authority and an analysis and critique of their basic presuppositions in light of Scripture. Following the conclusion, a selected bibliography of sources cited and other useful books and articles on the subject is provided. Appendices include: (1) a chart schematizing the two major modern approaches to the Bible's revelation and authority (Appendix I, A-D); (2) some of Ellen White's insights on biblical revelation/authority (Appendix I, E); (3) the Methods of Bible Study Committee statement on the historical-critical method (Appendix I, F); and (4) a compilation of Ellen White references to "higher criticism" (Appendix II). A. Revelation-Inspiration-Illumination: Definitions/Distinctions The doctrine of revelation-inspiration is foundational to the whole enterprise of biblical interpretation. According to the biblical record God has revealed Himself and His will in specific......

Words: 13041 - Pages: 53

Under Armour Case Study

...Case Study: Under Armour 1. How strong are the competitive forces confronting Under Armour, Nike, and The adidas Group? Do a five- forces analysis to support your answer. 
 The analysis of the Porters five forces are very important to business entities. Based on the analysis a business can evaluate their current position and positions that they plan to progress towards as it relates to the industry they are operating in. The following is my five forces analysis of the competitive forces confronting the companies that operate in the industry that Under Amour, Nike and Adidas operate in. Competitive Rivalry: There are many companies in the sports apparel, footwear and accessories industry, such as Nike, Adidas, Puma, Champion, New Balance etc. just to name a few. Many of the company’s competing in the industry offer a wide variety of similar products and each is trying to establish its brand as the brand for customers to commit their money and loyalty towards. What is obvious right away is that Nike and Adidas are Under Amour’s two biggest competitors and they have the highest percentage of market share. All three companies are established, have good resources, strong finances, sound marketing plans and popular celebrities that they can use to endorse their products. Therefore I think it’s safe to say that competitive rivalry in the industry is pretty strong. Supplier Power: The supplier power in the industry is low because there are many......

Words: 1961 - Pages: 8

Under Armour Case Study

...Under Armour’s Strategy Case Analysis 1. How strong are the competitive forces confronting Under Armour, Nike, and The Adidas Group? Provide a five-forces analysis to support your answer. The competitive forces confronting Under Armour, Nike, and the Adidas Group are very strong. There are many other companies who offer similar sportswear and gear lie these three groups. A consumer has a wide variety of merchandise available to choose from, and the price to pick one brand over another costs the customer very little. All the competitors have allowed the market to be saturated with similar merchandise without much differentiation in products. The companies have an equal economic capability and economy of scale as Under Armour, Nike, and Adidas Group which allows them to remain equally competitive. The competitive pressure coming from new entrants into the sportswear apparel industry is relatively high. Active lifestyles are promoted heavily and customer demand for athletic products are high which means newcomers can expect to earn exponential profits. If a company has the resources to enter the market, then they could become a formidable competitor. The competitive pressure coming from firms offering substitute products is very high. Substitutes are often attractive to consumers because they are readily available for a nice price. Consumers often become used to buying substitutes because they suffer very low cost when switching products. Competitive......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Under Armour Case Study

...Under Armour: Working to stay on Top of Its Game The following is an in-depth analysis of the company Under Armour. It has been one of the fastest growing productions, along with one of the top runners in the athletic apparel industry. The future of Under Armour remains unclear, but hopeful. There are many questions and issues that founder Kevin Plank and his executive leadership team must consider as the company moves forward; but analysts believe that the demand for Under Armour’s apparel products remain strong. Nike, Adidas, and Columbia Sportswear are all frontrunners against Under Armour in the industry. The first section of this report will cover an overview of the trends in, economics, political/legal, social/cultural-global, technology, and demographics. Economics Under Armour Company has been growing substantially. In 2008 its gross profit was $353,041, in 2009 it was $410,125, and in 2010 it only rose higher to $530,507. Its new income from operating expenses went up as well. In 2008 it was $38,229, in 2009 it was $46,758, and in 2010 it was $68,447. In North America and Canada, Under Armours net revenue in 2008 was $692,388, in 2009 it was $808,020, and in 2010 $997,816. In foreign countries it inclines as well. In 2008 Under Armours net revenue was $32,856, in 2009 it was $48, 391, and in 2010 it was $66,111. If the company follows this trend its profits are simply going to rise. Political/Legal The political and legal environment of Under Armour is......

Words: 1832 - Pages: 8

Under Armour Case Study

...Under Armour is a leading developer, marketer, and distributor of branded performance apparel, footwear, and accessories. Former University of Maryland football player Kevin Plank founded the company in 1996. The company sells the product worldwide. Athletes at all levels, from youth to professional, from playing fields around the world wear this product. The Under Armour global headquarters is in Baltimore, Massachusetts. There are also European headquarters in Amsterdam’s Olympic Stadium, and additional offices in Denver, Hong Kong, Toronto, and Guangzhou, China. Kevin Plank began the business with savings and credit cards in the basement of his grandmother’s apartment. Now, the Under Armour is a business that has their products flying off the display racks. The defining moment for the novice company came in December 1999, with the release of Oliver Stone’s film Any Given Sunday. The film featured Under Armour throughout its duration, but the pivotal exposure scene was the locker-room scene with Jamie Foxx and Cameron Diaz. Oliver Stone wanted Jamie Foxx to wear a futuristic-looking jockstrap. Kevin made sure that the logo “UA” was front and center. The company only had 19 employees at the time. Now the employee number has reached 2,200 and the sales now exceed $700 million. As the performance apparel market grew, Under Armour diversified their product offerings, developed different types of performance gear, and ventured into women’s apparel, footwear, and other......

Words: 2215 - Pages: 9

Criminal Case Study in Children

...Responsibility within Children Misty M. Lane PYSCH 210-B16 Liberty University Abstract According to Berger (2011), early childhood is defined as the ages two through six. During this time the child does what he/she knows best and learns through the act of playing. However, what happens when a child accidentally commits a crime can cause controversy. The purpose of this case study is to determine at what age is a child held criminally responsible. The law states that children under the age of seven are not considered criminally responsible for committing a criminal act. Within this case study, we will explore and support why developmental factors within this age group support the legal system. Criminal Responsibility within Children In Michigan, a child at the age of six stole a weapon from his home and accidentally murdered a fellow student that he had argued in the past. When the child was questioned about the crime, he stated it was an accident and he was only trying to scare her. What role does development play in the decision making process at this age? According to Berger (2011), a child at the age of six lacks the brain maturation and development that would allow to purposefully commit a criminal act. The pre-frontal cortex is responsible for the brain’s decisions. This includes proper planning, selecting, and coordinating. Maturation of the prefrontal cortex plays a major part in the development of children. Older children......

Words: 773 - Pages: 4