Child Ch 12

In: English and Literature

Submitted By helen83h
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-Concrete Operational Thought: Piaget's term for the ability to reason logically about direct experiences and perceptions.

-During this stage children apply their new reasoning skills to concrete situations, children become more systematic, critical, and educable.

- Piaget constructed many experiments in order to explain children's understanding of classification (an example of logical concept).

-For instance an examiner would show a child a bunch of nine flowers- seven yellow daisies and two white roses. The examiner makes sure the child knows the words flowers, daisies, and roses. Then the question is asked, "are there more daisies than flowers?" Until about age 7 most say, "more daisies".

-Young children cant justify their answers. Some 6 or 7 year olds explain that "because daisies are daisies they cant be flowers." And by age 8 most children say "more flowers than daisies."

-Piaget studied transitive inference, the ability to figure out )infer) the unspoken link (transfer) between one fact and another.

- For example " John is taller than Jim. Jim is taller than David,. Who is taller, John or David?' Children cant answer the question because they do not have the ability to make implications. They only understand direct statements.

-Children cant make such implications until about age 7, when the maturation of the hippo-campus occurs ( a major component of the brains of humans and other mammals. Plays an important role in long-term memory and spatial navigation,)

-Another logical concept that is linked to transitive inference was a concept that Piaget called Seriation.

- Seriation is imperative for memorizing the alphabet or for understanding the number sequence.

-Although logic connects to mathematical concepts, researchers found more continuity than discontinuity in number skills.

-This goes to show that…...

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