Chapter 2 Study Guide World History

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Study Guide for Mesopotamia and Egypt

Vocabulary words you will need to know for the test are:
Cuneiform- Earliest forms of writing

Diaspora- Jews that live outside Israel


Empire- A single supreme authority

Fertile Crescent- An area of fertile soil

Hieroglyphics- Egyptian form of writing

Mesopotamia- It’s the area of the Tigris-Euphrates

Monotheistic- Belief of only one god

Mummification- How Egyptians prepared the body before burial.

Papyrus- Ancient Egyptian paper

Pharaoh- Egyptian king

Polytheistic- Belief of more than one god

Rosetta Stone- A stone with writing on it in two different languages

Sabbath- A religious day for jews

Theocracy- A government of three

Torah- A book of religious laws for jews

Ziggurat- Rectangular stepped tower

Important People:

Cyrus the Great- The first Assyrian king

Darius the third king of persia

David king of Isreal

Hammurabi the sixth Amorite king

Hatshepsut the fifth pharaoh of eygpt

Nebuchadnezzar Assyrian king

Ramses II the third pharaoh

Sargon akkadian emperor

Solomon the king of Israel and son of david

Thurmose III the third pharaoh of the 18th dynasty

Tutankhamen pharaoh of the 18th dynasty

Zoroaster the founder of zorastrianism

Concepts you will need to know for this test are:

1.) Who was the first civilization to settle in the Fertile Crescent?

2.) Why was Mesopotamia called, “land between the rivers”? What rivers?
The tigris and Euphrates and it was literally between two rivers

3.) Why did people depend on the rivers?
For crops

4.) Sumerians were what kind of religion? What does this mean?
Polytheism and it means to believe in more than one god

5.) Sumerians were known for their writing which was called_________cuniform_________

6.) What are some the…...

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