Chapter 2 Study Guide World History

In: Historical Events

Submitted By nomnom
Words 471
Pages 2
Study Guide for Mesopotamia and Egypt

Vocabulary words you will need to know for the test are:
Cuneiform- Earliest forms of writing

Diaspora- Jews that live outside Israel

Delta-

Empire- A single supreme authority

Fertile Crescent- An area of fertile soil

Hieroglyphics- Egyptian form of writing

Mesopotamia- It’s the area of the Tigris-Euphrates

Monotheistic- Belief of only one god

Mummification- How Egyptians prepared the body before burial.

Papyrus- Ancient Egyptian paper

Pharaoh- Egyptian king

Polytheistic- Belief of more than one god

Rosetta Stone- A stone with writing on it in two different languages

Sabbath- A religious day for jews

Theocracy- A government of three

Torah- A book of religious laws for jews

Ziggurat- Rectangular stepped tower

Important People:

Cyrus the Great- The first Assyrian king

Darius the third king of persia

David king of Isreal

Hammurabi the sixth Amorite king

Hatshepsut the fifth pharaoh of eygpt

Nebuchadnezzar Assyrian king

Ramses II the third pharaoh

Sargon akkadian emperor

Solomon the king of Israel and son of david

Thurmose III the third pharaoh of the 18th dynasty

Tutankhamen pharaoh of the 18th dynasty

Zoroaster the founder of zorastrianism

Concepts you will need to know for this test are:

1.) Who was the first civilization to settle in the Fertile Crescent?
Mesopotamia

2.) Why was Mesopotamia called, “land between the rivers”? What rivers?
The tigris and Euphrates and it was literally between two rivers

3.) Why did people depend on the rivers?
For crops

4.) Sumerians were what kind of religion? What does this mean?
Polytheism and it means to believe in more than one god

5.) Sumerians were known for their writing which was called_________cuniform_________

6.) What are some the…...

Similar Documents

History of World War 2

...Name Class Date Professor A History of World War 2 World War 2 was a very interest time period, and there were a lot of different factors that helped to contribute to the war. Many different nations got involved in this war, with each of them choosing a different side, this led to many rivalries. It also caused hard feelings between many nations, because before the war they may have had a close friendship between the countries, but after the war started that friendship ceased to exist because of the strain of war. There were many important details in World War 2, that helped to create what it became, and I’m going to discuss some of those details. Within World War 2, many different things occurred, such as concentration camps, and those issues are very important to many today, even though this event happened so many years ago. That is why I’m going to discuss the historical key points during World War 2, and explain why they were important. The beginning of World War 2 did not happen immediately as some might think, but it took time to develop. It all began when Hitler withdrew himself from the League of Nations in the year 1933, he did not believe the League would come after him because of their previous actions with Japan. That is why he left them and began to arm his country heavily with weapons and other things; in the meanwhile he was forming deals with many different nations for various things. The power of the League took another hit when Mussolini was able to...

Words: 2730 - Pages: 11

History of World War 2

...When war broke out, there was no way the world could possibly know the levels of severity that the war would escalate also. Fortunately one country saw and understood that Germany and its allies would have to be stopped. America's involvement in World War 2 not only contributed in the eventual downfall of the insane Adolph Hitler and his Third Reich, but had also came at the precise time and moment. Had the United States entered the war any later the consequences might have been worse. Over the years, it has been an often heated and debated issue on whether the United States could have entered the war sooner and thus saved many lives. To try to understand this we must look both at the people and at government's point of view. Just after war broke out in Europe, President Roosevelt hurriedly called his cabinet and military advisors together. There it was agreed that the United States stay neutral in these affairs. One of the reasons given was that unless America was directly threatened, they had no reason to be involved. Thus, the provisional neutrality act passed the senate by seventy-nine votes to two in 1935. On August 31, Roosevelt signed it into law. In 1936, the law was renewed, and in 1937, a comprehensive and permanent neutrality act was passed. The desire to avoid "foreign entanglements" of all kinds had been an American foreign policy for more than a century. Even if Roosevelt had wanted to do more in the European crisis (which he did not), there was a factor too......

Words: 1572 - Pages: 7

Chapter 1 Study Guide

...Chapter 1 The Origins of Psychology A. The Definition of Psychology – the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. B. The Influence of Philosophy and Phsiology – the earliest origins of psychology can be traced back several centuries to the writings of the great philosophers. C. Wihelm Wundt Founder of Psychology—use scientific method to study fundamental psychological processes. Founder of pshyc. German opened the 1st building for psychology in germany. D. Edward B. Titchener: Structuralism – Astablish the 1st major school of thought called structuralism. E. William James: Functionalism – school of functionalism adapt to environment stressed how we learned. F. Sigmund Freud: Psychoanalysis – Most concept there of pshy. Father of psychonaly is study of unconice with sex and aggression. G. John B. Watson: Behaviorism – emerged as a dominating force. Emphasis on consciousness promoted by structuralism and functionalism. (Behaviorism – school of psychology and theoretical viewpoint that emphasizes the study of observable behaviors, especially as they pertain to the process of learning) H. Carl Rogers: Humanistic Psychology – good self a steam tell them they can be anything. Study concent experience develop human potential humanism (Humanistic psychology – School of psychology and theoretical viewpoint that emphasizes each person’s unique potential for psychological growth and self-direction). Contemporary Psychology A.......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

Study Guide Chapter 3

...Study Guide Chapter 3 MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which of the following is an advantage of seniority pay systems? 1) _______ A) they reward exemplary performance B) they encourage employees to continue to increase their skillsets C) they reward employees on an objective basis D) they help to promote product quality 2) This term refers to a difference between the output of a human judgment processes and that of an objective, accurate assessment. This difference could be due to bias, prejudice, or other subjective, extraneous influences. 2) _______ A) content validity B) a first-impression effect C) rating error D) the performance appraisal process 3) In 2009, employees were expected to earn average merit increases of what percent? 3) _______ A) 8.3% B) 2.9% C) 5.2% D) 1.3% 4) Management by objective is part of which type of performance appraisal system? 4) _______ A) behavioral observation scale B) behaviorally-anchored rating scale C) goal-oriented system D) trait system 5) This occurs when a rater generalizes good performance behavior in one aspect of the job to all aspects of the job. 5) _______ A) negative halo effect B) positive halo effect C) first-impression effect D) similar-to-me effect 6) ...

Words: 1268 - Pages: 6

History 11 Study Guide

...History 11 exam 2 study guide 1) Explain the structure of the US Gov. under the new constitution and describe the compromises that led to its ratification? What problems do you think remained for the united states under this constitution? The structure of the US Gov under the new constitution sets out the powers of the United States does and what the State powers are as well. In addition Madison is setting up a competion between the US Gov and the States. The US gov can coin money, make taxes, make treaties. State Powers can create taxes, make treaties, but can’t coin money. Many of the powers of the States are often duplicated from the Us Gov. powers. Also there is the 3 branch concept which consist of Executive branch (President, Enforce laws),Legislative Branch (Congress, Make Laws), and Judicial Branch( Interept Laws). These branches will also compete with each other. Example of congress fighting with the president on raising the national debt ceiling. In addition the Judicial branch will sometimes get involved because they have the power to declare a law constitutional or unconstitutional which is the final say. In addion the Judicial Branch can also interpret laws made by the legislative Branch.The compromise that led to the ratification are Virginia Plan:being a large state, because virgina had a larger population.the viginians did not think it was fair for a state to have 3times less population to have a equal vote as a larger state such as virginia.They wanted......

Words: 2690 - Pages: 11

Davis Study Guide Chapter 2

...Chapter 2 ------------------------------------------------- COST BEHAVIOR and COST ESTIMATION ------------------------------------------------- LEARNING UNIT OBJECTIVES After studying Unit 2.1, you should be able to: * Identify basic cost behavior patterns and explain how changes in activity level affect total cost and unit cost. After studying Unit 2.2, you should be able to: * Estimate a cost equation from a set of cost data and predict future total cost from that equation. After studying Unit 2.3, you should be able to: * Prepare a contribution format income statement. ------------------------------------------------- PREVIEW OF CHAPTER 2 While GAAP-based income statements are required for external financial reporting, they are not very useful for internal decision making because expenses are categorized based on business function. Unit 2.1 explains why it is important for managers to understand cost behavior and how various types of costs behave. Unit 2.2 explains cost estimation and the methods of estimating costs. Unit 3 explains the contribution margin, contribution margin ratio, the contribution margin income statement, and how changes in costs affect operating income. The content and organization of this chapter are as follows: Cost Behavior and Cost Estimation | Unit 1 – Cost Behavior Patterns | Unit 2 – Cost Estimation | Unit 3 – Contribution Margin Analysis | * Variable costs * Fixed costs ......

Words: 6657 - Pages: 27

Ap World History Chapter 2 Notes

...south  gained diverse African culture  new capital becomes Meroe (6th century) o Skilled in using Iron  extended land areas that could be cultivated  traded with people to the west  spread the knowledge of ironmaking to the rest of Africa The thing I found most interesting in this chapter was the change in women’s importance over the ages. In the agricultural civilizations, most societies were patriarchal (run by men and based on the assumption that men directed political, economic, cultural life.) whereas during the hunting and gathering ages, women were vital to survival. This topic really moved my emotion up and down since I am a female and thus cannot stand societies that disadvantage us. It was shocking that women received less rights and mercy. For example, when a woman cheats on her husband, death is her penalty. However, when a man cheats on his wife, he gets a weaker punishment. How could this be fair? Even if we say male did the most productive work such as political leadership, crafting, or farming. It is the women who go through labor and hardships until she gives birth to a baby that becomes hope to the whole family. I think the most significant thing I learned in this chapter is that some civilizations that crosses the point where the year changes from BCE to CE. This means that they were alive both before and after Christ was born. It means a lot to me since I am a Christian and the sacrifice of Jesus Christ has impacted my life a lot. I wonder if the......

Words: 1017 - Pages: 5

Chapter 2 Study Guide

...Study Guide Chapter 2 1. What is a nuclear family? Male and female partners with their children living with them 2. What is an extended family? People outside the immediate family related by blood 3. What is a married-blended family? Formed as a divorce and remarriage, unrelated family members joined to create a new household 4. What is a cohabiting-parent family? Children live with two unmarried biological parents or two adoptive parents 5. What is a single-parent family? Unmarried biologic or adoptive parent who may or may not be living with other adults 6. What is a homosexual family? Lesbian or gay with or without children 7. What is a no-parent family? Children who live independently in foster or kinship care, living with a grandparent 8. What does culture have a direct effect on? Healthcare-seeking behavior and response to treatment 9. What is acculturation? Changes in one’s cultural pattern to those of the host society; may retain parts of their own culture while adopting cultural practices of the dominant society 10. What is assimilation? Becoming in all ways like the members of the dominant culture 11. Ethnocentrism refers to what? The view that one’s own culture’s way of doing things is best 12. What inconsistencies present a significant barrier to effective health care? Language of clients and the language of providers 13. According to Purnell and Paulanka (2008), cultural competence involves what? Cultural competence involves......

Words: 584 - Pages: 3

History Study Guide

...labor laws and a minimum wage laws for women. The book Promise of American Life, written by Herbert Croly, influenced Theodore Roosevelt. This is in direct contrast with Woodrow Wilson's policy of The New Freedom, which promoted antitrust modification, tariff reduction, and banking and currency reform Imperial Expansionists Underwood Simmons Tariff = Occurred in 1913 created by Woodrow Wilson, president at the time, it was a part of his new freedom ideology in which was very much inspired Thomas Jefferson. The underwood Simmons act reduced tariffs and the Federal Reserve act made currency more flexible Spanish American War = Occurred in 1898 declared war on april 25th the significance of the war was that the us announced itself as a world power and we gained Puerto rico, Philippines, Guam.The short range causes were the uss maine being blown up and the intercepted delome letter. Thelong range causes were pressure from the Cuban lobby pressure from unprotected business owners yellow press and martial spirit whom felt like the war was good for them. The Northern Securities case was a landmark antitrust case when in 1901 J. Pierpont Morgan, James J Hill, and E.H. Harriman, formed the Northern Securities Holding Company consolidating their three companies into one. This event was a part of a large wave of corporate mergers at the time. In the end the alliance was considered by the Supreme Court to violate the Sherman antitrust act of 1890 and became a landmark decision.......

Words: 2544 - Pages: 11

World Music Chapter 2

...Music In World Cultures Name: Natasha Fisher ____________________________________________________ World Music: A Global Journey Chapter 2: Aural Analysis: Listening to the World’s Musics I. Define the following terms: Timbre: The tone quality or color of a musical sound Pitch: A tone’s specific frequency level, measured in Hertz Tuning System: All the pitches common to a musical tradition Melody: An organized succession of pitches forming a musical idea Melodic Contour: The general direction and shape of a melody Drone: A continuous or repeating sound Text Setting: The rhythmic relationship of words to melody Rhythm: The lengths, or durations, of sounds as patterns in time Dynamics: The volume of a musical sound Form: The underlying temporal structure of a musical performance Phonic Structure: The relationship between different sounds in a given piece Monophony: Music with a single melodic line Polyphony: The juxtaposition or overlapping of multiple lines of music Homophony: Multiple lines of music expressing the same musical idea in the same meter Independent Polyphony: Multiple lines of music expressing independent musical ideas as a cohesive whole Heterophony: Multiple performers playing simulations variations of the same line of music Organology: The study of musical instruments Sachs-Hornbostel System: Standard classication system for musical instruments Aerophone: Instruments that require are to produce sound-namely, flutes, reeds, trumpets...

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

World Civilization Study Guide

...Chapter 7 Confucian Classics-the ancient texts recovered during the Han Dynasty that Confucian scholars treated as sacred scriptures. Silk Road- the trade routes across central Asia through which Chinese silk and other items were traded Eunuchs-castrated males who played an important role as palace servants Age of division- the period after the fall of the Han dynasty when china was politically divided Grand canal- a canal, built during the Sui dynasty that connected the yellow and Yangzi Rivers. Notable for strengthening china’s internal cohesion and economic development Pure land- a school of Buddhism that taught that calling on the Buddha Amitabha and his chief helper, one could achieve rebirth in Amitabha’s pure land paradise Chan-a school of Buddhism that rejected the authority of the sutras and claimed the superiority of mind-to-mind transmission of Buddhist truths Nara- Japan’s capital and the first true city; it was established in 710 and modeled on the Tang capital of Chang’an ------------------------------------------------- Chapter 8 Corpus Juris civilis- the “body of civil law,” it is composed of the code, the digest and the institutes. Dioceses- geographic administrative districts of the church, each under the authority of a bishop and centered around cathedral Arianism- a theological belief, originating with Arius, a priest from Alexandria that denied that Christ was co-eternal with god the father. Popes- heads of the......

Words: 1755 - Pages: 8

Study Guide for Chapter 11

...Study Guide for Chapter 11 Introduction to Business * Marketing- an organizational function and a set of processes for creating, communicating, and delivering value for customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stakeholders. * Utility- the ability of goods and services to satisfy consumer “wants.” * Marketing Concept- a business philosophy that makes customer satisfaction now and in the future the central focus of the entire organization. * Customer Relationship Management (CRM) - the ongoing process of acquiring, maintaining, and growing profitable customer relationships by delivering unmatched value. * Value- a customer perception that a product has a better relationship than its competitors between the cost and the benefits. * Customer Satisfaction- when customers perceive that a good or service delivers value above and beyond their expectations. * Customer Loyalty- when customers buy a product from the same supplier again and again sometimes paying even more of it than they would for a competitive product. * Marketing Plan- a formal document that defines marketing objectives and the specific strategies for achieving those objectives. * Market Segmentation- dividing potential customers into groups of similar people, or segments. * Target Market- the group of people who are most likely to buy a particular product. * Consumer Marketers or Marketing- marketers who direct......

Words: 660 - Pages: 3

History Study Guide

...  Chapter 11 Terms    1. Anaconda plan­ the Union plan to split the Confederacy in half in order to weaken  it   2. Fort Sumter­ A fort in South Carolina where the first battle of the Civil War  occurred and resulted in a Confederate victory   3. PGT Beauregard­ lead Confederates in the battle of Bull Run   4. 5 Northern Advantages­ larger population and troops, experienced government,  better transportation, coal/more supplies because of more factories, and had  navy  5. 5 Southern Advantages­ familiar territory, stronger military leaders, fought with  passion, allies from cotton trade, and had better strategic plans   6. Union Naval blockade­ blocked supplies from getting to the south since  Confederacy was too reliant on trade  7. Robert E. Lee­ one of the best military leaders in history, on Confederate side  8. Border States­   elaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri.  D 9. Significance of Washington D.C. and Richmond, VA­ Washington DC is Union  capital and Richmond, VA is Confederate capital   10.  Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson­ Confederate general who refused to yield to  Union armies, great leader but killed at Fredericksburg   11.  George B. McClellan­ Union general who was very passive and often clashed  with Lincoln, eventually fired and then lost to Lincoln in the election of 1864  12.  1st Bull Run­ in Manassas, VA; Union winning at first and then ended up losing  13.......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

Study Guide Chapter 3

...(with regard to politics) as an obstacle to modernization; Religion undermines socio-economic development; It undermines the development of modern states; They hoped that modernization of the Third World would lead to gradual decline of religion from public life; eventual disappearance of religion; That did not happen; Religion is very much alive; It remains part of politics. Dependency theorists view religion as unimportant; Give it only an occasional footnote in their writings; They blame colonial powers for having used religion to colonize today’s Third World. Political scientists have developed the following nuanced understanding of the relationship between religion, state and modernity they argue that all religions have legitimized the state’s authority at some point in history; in some respects, religious leaders and institutions may inhibit development; they oppose important aspects of social change; de-legitimize the political system; can try to make it look unpopular; they may encourage, facilitate development; modernization can induce the political secularization can induce peaceful co-existence between state (politics) and religion. By saying that “religion has been a resilient force in the Third Word” we mean it has been challenged throughout history and the world; But it remains alive and active. By saying that “religion has been a pervasive force (in the Third Word)” we mean It has penetrated nearly every society. Including Third World’s; Nearly all......

Words: 1519 - Pages: 7

Study Guide for Chapter 6

...Study Guide for Chapter 6: 1. What is a spend analysis? 2. Describe the strategic sourcing process from start to finish. 3. Describe the portfolio analysis matrix tool and how it is used to develop supply management strategies. 4. What are the major types of supply management strategies? 5. Why must organizations develop suppliers? Is supplier development a long-term trend? Explain. 6. What do you think are the reasons why there are so few companies classified as Stage 4 companies? 7. What are the tools to conduct market research on suppliers? Briefly explain each. 8. A/An _____ refers to a specific family of products or services that is used in delivering value to the end customer. a. spend analysis b. decentralized structure c. category * d. centralized structure e. hybrid structure 9. A _____ is concerned with (1) the scope or boundaries of each business and the links with corporate strategy and (2) the basis on which the business unit will achieve and maintain a competitive advantage within an industry. a. commodity strategy b. corporate strategy c. business unit strategy * d. functional strategy e. supply management strategy 10. A/An _____ is an annual review of a firm’s entire set of purchases. a. cost analysis b. price analysis c. make-buy analysis d. technology roadmap e. spend analysis * 11.......

Words: 674 - Pages: 3