Buddhism in China Dbq

In: Historical Events

Submitted By luv2dancewhdc
Words 461
Pages 2
Buddhism in China DBQ

Depending on the political stability, the responses to Buddhism in China were different. Between 220 CE and 570 CE, a time of political instability, most people had positive attitudes towards Buddhism, and after 570 CE, a time of political stability, most people had negative attitudes towards Buddhism. Most positive attitudes towards Buddhism occurred between 220 CE and 570 CE due to a need for a sense of salvation. According to Buddha, Buddhism is all about sorrow. Buddha believed that life was surrounded by sorrow, no matter what class in society a person was. He believed the basic teachings of Buddhism had to do with sorrow; what it is, where it comes from, and how to stop it. (Doc. 1) Zhi Dun, a Chinese scholar, author, and confidant of Chinese aristocrats, believed that people who served Buddha all throughout their lives would end up in Nirvana. The goals of Buddhism were to end up in Nirvana. Buddhism was very appealing during a time of instability like the Era of Division. (Doc 2) Also, according to an anonymous Chinese scholar, Confucius is not as good as Buddha. The scholar was very positive towards Buddhism. This was also in a time of political instability. (Doc 3) Zong Mi, a leading Buddhist scholar in the ninth century also believed Buddha taught well. Even though China was in a state of stability, he still had a positive attitude towards Buddhism. He believed that both Buddha and Confucius were good teachers. (Doc 5) However, most people did not like Buddhism during times of political stability. Most people had negative attitudes towards Buddhism during times of stability. Han Yu, a Confucian scholar, believed that since Buddha was not Chinese, he was inferior. He believed that Confucius was a better teacher. During times of stability, Buddhism was frowned upon. (Doc 4) The Tang Emperor Wu was very against Buddhism. He…...

Similar Documents

Buddhism

...What is Buddhism? General Information Buddhism is a path of practice and spiritual development leading to Insight into the true nature of life. Buddhist practices such as meditation are means of changing oneself in order to develop the qualities of awareness, kindness, and wisdom. The experience developed within the Buddhist tradition over thousands of years has created an incomparable resource for all those who wish to follow a path - a path which ultimately culminates in Enlightenment or Buddhahood. Because Buddhism does not include the idea of worshipping a creator God, some people do not see it as a religion in the normal, Western sense. The basic tenets of Buddhist teaching are straightforward and practical: nothing is fixed or permanent; actions have consequences; change is possible. Thus Buddhism addresses itself to all people irrespective of race, nationality, or gender. It teaches practical methods (such as meditation) which enable people to realise and utilise its teachings in order to transform their experience, to be fully responsible for their lives and to develop the qualities of Wisdom and Compassion. There are around 350 million Buddhists and a growing number of them are Westerners. They follow many different forms of Buddhism, but all traditions are characterised by non-violence, lack of dogma, tolerance of differences, and, usually, by the practice of meditation. Who was the Buddha? Buddhism started with the Buddha. The word 'Buddha' is a title and not...

Words: 2827 - Pages: 12

Buddhism

...Socially Engaged Buddhism Buddhism is a religion that is said to arise in India around the 6th or 7th century BCE, but has spread all around the world as the times went on. Buddhism focuses mainly on the teachings of Siddhartha Guatma, who is the current Buddha. Buddhism is ultimately about teaching a man to lead a good life that will eventually lead a person to enlightenment. With a standard of living being around for so long, the ways must change with the times. That’s where Socially Engaged Buddhism comes in. For Buddhists, Socially Engaged Buddhism is a Buddhism movement that provides an answer for social issues in the world. Socially Engaged Buddhism is a very important aspect to Buddhism and without it Buddhism would not be able to evolve and adapt with the world in issues such as war, poverty and human rights. Buddhism has a single figure as the founder, Siddhartha. Siddhartha went on a “great departure” after seeing pain and suffering that other people were experiencing around him, which had no idea this was a problem before. After his journey he experiences Nirvana and teaches everything he has experienced in his life. On the other hand, Socially Engaged Buddhism does not come from a single founder. That doesn’t mean there still aren’t important figures attached to the movement. Thich Nhat Hanh is a teacher who even to this day still offers his knowledge. He is also active in the peace movement and promotes non-violence. He tries to emphasize people to “look at......

Words: 1231 - Pages: 5

Buddhism

...Buddhism Teachings of the Buddha -denies the existence of a personal creator God -denies the existence of an individual soul. The belief is central to the Buddhist concept of impermanence. -the self is made up of the five skandas which are constantly changing: -the body -feelings -perceptions -Desires (dispositions) -consciousness Scriptures: -the Tripitaka : the earliest of collection of Buddhist teachings Tripitaka means three baskets. Mahayans Sutras: reveres the tripikata as a sacred text. Sutras reflect distinctively Mahayana concepts. Lotus Sutra and Heart Sutra: most important to Mahayana. TIBETAN BOOK OF THE DEAD The Tibetan Book of the Dead is most well known to the West. Written by a Tibetan Monk. If chronicles the experiences and religious opportunities a person encounters at various stages” while dying, at the moment of death, during the 49-day interval between death and rebirth, and at rebirth! THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS 1. Life is Suffering – Dukkha * Physical, emotional, and spiritual pain are a part of all human existence * This includes the experience of sometimes feeling alienated or out of place in the world * Buddhism begins with acknowledging this fundamental human reality * Enjoyment is understood in relation to its opposite * Annica – impermanence, everything in the universe is in a state of decay THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS The Cause of Suffering is Attachment –Tanha We get attached to people,......

Words: 1591 - Pages: 7

Buddhism

...Tamika Harrison Doug Dorman Comparative Religion March 20, 2013 Buddhism Buddhism, one of the fastest growing religions in the world, is also one of the oldest and has influenced many cultures of Asia and followers in the west (Alldritt 4). Buddhism is the fourth largest religion following Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism, and has over 376 million followers (Robinson). In Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Japan, Mongolia and Taiwan, Buddhism is the majority religion. China, which is primarily atheist, has many people that adhere to the Buddhist beliefs (Wangu, O’Brien, and Palmer 8). The percentage of Buddhism’s practice is quickly increasing in the United States population. Some estimate that up to 3 million are practicing in the US. But India, around 500 B.C.E., is where it all began and flourished (Alldritt 5). During this time, India was in a state of religious ferment which led people to experiment with meditation, deep breathing and to study with gurus (Molloy 125). Buddhism emphasizes on personal enlightenment as opposed to an eternal salvation from a higher being. The Buddha is not a god, but a human being that was acknowledged and respected for providing the knowledge on happiness within one self and concern for all living things (Robinson). In this report, I will discuss how Buddhism originated, its major forms, beliefs and teachings and the question of it being a true religion or philosophy of life. Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, or the awakened one,...

Words: 2716 - Pages: 11

Buddhism

...Buddhism, with about 365 million followers makes up 6% of the world's population and is the fourth largest religion in the world (exceeded by Christianity, Islam and Hinduism). Buddhism was founded in Northern India in the sixth century by the first Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama when he attained enlightenment. Buddhism is made up three main forms. They are Theravada Buddhism found mainly in Thailand, Burma, Cambodia and Laos, Mahayana Buddhism which is largely found in China, Japan, Korea, Tibet and Mongolia and Vajrayana Buddhism. Gautama Buddha, Siddharta, the prince who found Enlightenment after years of fasting, meditation and having followed the best spiritual teachers of India, When he was twentynine years old, he left the comforts of his home to seek the meaning of the suffering he saw around him. After six years of arduous yogic training, he abandoned the way of self-mortification and instead sat in meditation beneath a bodhi tree. When Buddhists take refuge in the Buddha, are honoring the man who started the whole tradition and taking refuge in the Buddha. Dharma (or Dhamma in Pali) stands for the teachings of Buddhism, or for the practice of the Buddhist Path. And for all of the different branches of Buddhism this is obviously going to include a wide variety of texts and teachings. There are four principle beliefs in Buddhism but, the main two really known are The Four Nobel Truths and The Eightfold Path. The “Four Noble Truths” of Buddhism are: Life means......

Words: 1541 - Pages: 7

Buddhism

...Buddhism is one of the biggest religions founded in India in the 6th and 5th cent. BC by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. One of the great Asian religions teaches the practice of the observance of moral precepts. The basic doctrines include the four noble truths taught by the Buddha. Since it was first introduced into China from India, Buddhism has had a history that has been characterized by periods of sometimes awkward and irregular development. This has mainly been the result of the clash of two cultures, each with a long history of tradition. Most of the difficulties have arisen due to the transplanting of an Indian religious/philosophical system onto a culture strongly dominated by indigenous secular, philosophical and religious systems. In spite of these difficulties, Chinese Buddhism has come to have an important influence on the growth and development of Buddhism in general and this has occurred largely because of its own innovatory contributions.(Eliade, M. p.16-29) The spread of Buddhism into China began in Central Asia and was facilitated by the efforts of the Indo-Scythian king Kanishka (Encyclopedia Britt. 273-274) of the Kushan dynasty which ruled in northern India, Afghanistan and parts of Central Asia in the 1st and 2nd centuries (Encyclopedia Britt. 274). He is said to have undergone an Ashoka-like conversion upon seeing the slaughter caused by his campaigns. Around the beginning of the common era, Buddhism started to filter into China from Central Asia...

Words: 326 - Pages: 2

Buddhism

...Buddhism Introduction: This document is designed to study and reflect on the ancient tradition of Buddhism. This belief has turned into a worldwide religion with over 300 million disciples just in East Asia alone (Bamber, G. 2001). This artifact intends to overview the background and origins of this belief system and how it has established itself in the world as a dominating force in mainstream spirituality. Conflicting views and controversy are part of pretty much every culture and Buddhism is not exempt from the equation; this section will be covered in this artifact as well. Buddhism’s current state and condition will be outlined in this document along with the impact it has had on the modern world. Lastly, the examination will conclude on how Buddhism has not only impacted my own life but the role it has played in my everyday operation in society. Backgrounds and Origins: A man in his late twenties named Siddharta Gautama, a prince of a royal bloodline in Nepal, flees the lifestyles of the rich and famous in an attempt to attain a higher form of consciousness. Due to the overwhelming influence of Hinduism, many people like him sought out to craft a more subjective belief system. More than five years later, he discovered that the idea perpetuated by the environment around him through austerity was not the path he foresaw. Legend says that he sat down to meditate under a pipal tree until he reached a state of enlightenment. From that point on he was considered......

Words: 2639 - Pages: 11

Buddhism

...Zen Buddhism Zen Buddhism Zen comes from a form of the word dhyana “meditation” and is the school of Buddhism which has a strong effect on countries like Japan, America and Europe. “An exceptional communication outside the scriptures; that does not lean on words and letters; candidly dealing with man’s mind; Looking into one’s personality and reaching Buddhahood.” (Bodhidharma’s definition, 2010) Zen is the school of Mahayana Buddhism which started in China in the 6th century C.E. It was also taught at the Shaolin Monastery of China. It is also Japanese’s name which came from the Chinese “Ch’an.” This is the Chinese translation Sanskrit word dhyana that is a mind consumed in meditation. The most well known practice of Zen is zazen, which is a type of meditation where one sits down. History of Buddhism Buddhism was formed in the 5th century B.C.E. and began in India. This religion started about 2500 years ago when Suddhartha Gotama, or the Buddha was liberated at 35 years old. This religion currently has about 350,000,000 followers and does not have a formal headquarters. Its sacred texts are Pali Tipitika, Mahayana, and Vajrayana Canons. The word originates from “budhi”, which means to awaken. Many followers, Buddhism is more than Religion it is away of living their lives. They feel it is a philosophy, in that this word means love of wisdom. Buddhism is a practice that leads to moral living, being mindful and being familiar with ones way of thinking and what they......

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Transmission of Buddhism from India to China

...Hao Tran Prof. Penkower Religion 1550 5 November 2013 Tu/Th – 2:30 pm Transmission of Buddhism from India to China There is a phrase that goes like this, “If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it.” This phrase can be used to accurately describe the Han’s dynasty’s attitudes and beliefs when the nation is prosperous with wealth, land, and culture. During this time, Buddhism is non-existence in China because change is unnecessary, since there is no urgency to adopt a new idea when the existing one work well for them. However, during the turmoil and the downfall of the Han’s dynasty, the Chinese seeks answers and salvation from “a promising seed-bed for the implantation of alien ideas and institutions” (Wright 20). This alien idea is known as Buddhism and it will spread to the South and North of China. Nevertheless, the transmission of Buddhism from India to China did not go smoothly and many obstacles lie on the way from the similarities and differences between two countries, adaptation that must take place from both sides, and the socio-political conditions that must occur for Buddhism in China to flourish. Fortunately, even though not much, there are some similarities between Indian culture and Chinese that help Buddhism to emerge in an “age of cataclysmic change” (Wright 34). First, the worships of many Buddha and bodhisattva can be related to the Chinese, since China is a polytheism society. Therefore, the Buddha and bodhisattva can just be one of the many gods......

Words: 672 - Pages: 3

Buddhism

...html#ixzz32xMJg98y In Buddhism there is not, as in most other religions, an Almighty God to be obeyed and feared. The Buddha does not believe in a cosmic ruler, omniscient and omnipresent. In Buddhism there are no divine revelations or divine messengers. A Buddhist is, therefore, not obediant to any higher supernatural power which controls his destinies and which arbitrarily rewards and punishes. Since Buddhists do not believe in revelations of a divine being Buddhism does not claim the monopoly of truth and does not condemn any other religion. In Buddhism, there is no savior. There’s no one who’s going to do it for us, no place we can hide out for safety. We have to face reality squarely, and we have to do it alone. Even when Buddhists take refuge in the Buddha, what they’re really taking refuge in is the truth that there’s no refuge except within. Because there is no one to warship Buddhism is not so much a religion but a practice or philosophy. I have always been drawn to Buddhist teachings and have incorporated it into my daily life. So that’s the bad news — we have to do it alone. The good news is, we can do it. As human beings, we have the resources we need: intelligence, strength, loving hearts, and proven, effective methods. Because of that, we can rouse our confidence and renounce our depression and resentment. I have always been drawn to Buddhist beliefs and teachings and have incorporated the philosophy into my daily life. Buddhism is open to everyone in a...

Words: 1008 - Pages: 5

Buddhism

...BUDDHISM Hongpei Lu ELP 600 Julie Kidder 12/8/2012 Buddhism Buddhism is a major global religion with a really complex history and system of beliefs; there are almost 350 million Buddhists around the world which makes Buddhism the fourth largest of the world's religions. It has its origins about 2,500 years ago and Buddhism is a religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who lived about 25 centuries ago in what is now Nepal and northeastern India. He came to be called “the Buddha”, which means “awakened one”, after he experienced a profound realization of the nature of life, death and existence. In English, the Buddha was said to be enlightened, although in Sanskrit it is ‘Bodhi’ means "awakened." Buddhism is divided into two major branches: Theravada, the Way of the Elders, and Mahayana, the Great Vehicle. Buddhism is now prevalent in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia, and in China, Japan, Taiwan, Tibet, Nepal, Mongolia, Korea, and Vietnam, and India. As the time go, the number of Buddhists is increasing everyday. Origin of Buddhism Buddhism is a popular religion. Many people in many countries practice it. Buddhism has a long history. 2500 years ago,Buddhism originated from north-east India.It became the most important religious parts of Asia. Buddhisms’ spread to most countries in the world in the 20th centry. It is very helpful to understand the beginning view of the development of the Buddhism,especially to know the aspects...

Words: 1655 - Pages: 7

Buddhism

...Buddhism Carrie Nicholson REL/133 Oct 19, 2015 Hjamil Martinez Vazquez Buddhism Buddhism is a religion in which a person is trying to reach nirvana. There are different things a person follows in order to follow steps that will take them to nirvana. Buddha gave up all the riches of his father and his family. In order to teach other a way of life that was in the middle of self-indulgence and asceticism. After reaching his enlightenment he traveled to teach his lifestyle to others. The Mahayana branch of Buddhism is one of the three branches of Buddhism that survived after Buddha’s death. Mahayana is known of the “Big Vehicle” and is the second of the three branches. History of Buddhism Buddhism was founded by Buddha Shakyamuni. He was a royal prince born in 324 BC in a place that was originally northern India that is now considered Nepal. This prince’s name means Able One. This prince started his Spiritual life when he was 29 and retired to the forest. It was after six years the he was able to attain enlightenment underneath a Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, India. He was requested to teach; it was this request that was the beginning of Buddhism. It was this request that allowed Buddha to rise from meditation as he taught the first Wheel of Dharma. It is these teachings that include the different steps the Noble Four Steps, and more discourses.......

Words: 899 - Pages: 4

Buddhism

...Buddhism Buddhism is one of the oldest and most practiced religions in Asia. There are two different types practiced today Theravada and Mahayana; Theravada is practiced in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Burma and Sri Lanka, and Mahayana is practiced in China, Vietnam, Japan, South Korea, Tibet and Mongolia. Even though Theravada and Mahayana fall under the same religion, they are different styles because they were developed at different times. Theravada is considered to be the original, orthodox Buddhism, while Mahayana was developed later. It all started with Prince Siddhartha Gautama, he was born 563 B.C.E. in present day Nepal and died at 80 in India. He was sheltered much all of his life until one day he disobeyed his father and left the royal grounds. That day he witnessed all the suffering of ordinary lives and realized that he had been hidden from the true world, even if bad things were beyond the walls. Later he decided to run away to try and solve all his questions about suffering and death. Later on he became enlightened under the Bodhi tree after six years of extreme ascetic practices. If he/she follows key aspects of Buddhism, one can reach nirvana like Siddhartha once did. Buddhism has many teachings to offer for anyone who follows the religion, but the Four Noble Truths are one of the most important. The Four Noble Truths state, “1. All life is suffering (dukkha). 2. The immediate cause of suffering is desire. The ultimate cause of suffering is ignorance......

Words: 1529 - Pages: 7

Buddhism

...Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION Thich Nhat Hanh: “Buddhism is already engaged. If it is not, it is not Buddhism.” Walpola Rahula: “Buddhism is based on service to others”…political and social engagement is the “heritage of the bhikkhu” and the essence of Buddhism. Robert Thurman: “The primary Buddhist position on social action is one of total activism, an unswerving commitment to complete self-transformation and complete world-transformation.” Stated in simplest terms, engaged Buddhism means the application of Buddhist teachings to contemporary social problems. Engaged Buddhism is a modern reformist movement. A practitioner is socially engaged “in a nonviolent way, motivated by concern for the welfare of others, and as an expression of one’s own practice of the Buddhist Way” (King Being 5). In this description Sallie B. King invokes the spirit of the Bodhisattva vow: May I attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings. According to Ken Jones engaged Buddhism is “an explication of social, economic, and political processes and their ecological implications, derived from a Buddhist diagnosis of the existential human condition” (Kraft New). Jones emphasizes the social theory underlying engaged Buddhism. According to engaged Buddhists the “three poisons” of greed, anger and ignorance apply both to the individual and to “large-scale social and economic forces” (Kraft New); their remediation is therefore the collective concern of society. As the......

Words: 23858 - Pages: 96

Buddhism

...Buddhism To begin Buddhism originated in Northern India towards the end of the sixth century B.C. (Layman 3). The founder of Buddhism was a noble of the Sakya clan whose name was Siddharta Gautama his first name means “he who has accomplished his objectives”. However, faithful Buddhists refer to him as “Buddha” meaning “enlightened one”. The Buddha is called the enlightened one because after leaving his wife and son in search of answers to the cause of sorrow and suffering in the world, the Buddha remembered how he once experienced a flash of inspiration while meditating. The Buddha decided to try meditation for answers. He found a spot under a tree commonly referred to as the “bodhi tree” it was under this tree where the Buddha felt he found the meaning of life, and a way to live that would bring freedom from all bondage and get the deepest satisfaction. This story seems a little far-fetched; I feel as though if I were living back in those days I would look at the “Buddha” as if he was a joke. I don’t see how by just sitting under a tree how the “Buddha” got such a large group of followers by just thinking of an idea that just suddenly popped in his head. Anyway, who am I to criticize, this has obviously worked for him and has caused a tremendous following. I guess the meditation process isn’t that bad after all, since Buddhism has turned into such a big phenomenon. The topic of Buddhism caught my attention because recently a lot of stars have started......

Words: 966 - Pages: 4