Antisocial Personality Disorder

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By rl98917
Words 1022
Pages 5
Antisocial Personality Disorder

I. Antisocial personality disorder is a personality disorder characterized by an extreme lack of respect for the rights of others, apparent lacking of ethical principals, irresponsible behavior without regard for consequences, deceitfulness, and quite often history of criminal activity.
A. Victims of this disorder were formerly known as socio- and/or psychopaths.
B. Victims are most often male and must display signs of the disorder before the age of 15 to be diagnosed as ASPD.
C. Nearly half of all people diagnosed as ASPD have been convicted of criminal offenses.
II. ASPD is characterized by little or no sense of conscience and no concern for the safety of one’s self or others making its victims dangerous and usually nonfunctioning members of society. (Howard, Richard)
A. Emotional
1. People with ASPD often lack empathy and cannot relate to the feelings of others.
2. Remorse is absent in ASPD sufferers and they will often justify deceitful and criminal acts on others to themselves. (Myers, David G.)
3. Despite lacking the ability to empathize with others people with ASPD can often be quite cunning and use charm to deceive others for their personal gain.
B. Behavioral
1. ASPD sufferers act impulsively and without regard to consequences.
2. ASPD has a higher association with drug/alcohol abuse then any other personality disorder.
3. Their impulsiveness and lack of remorse make those with ASPD very likely to commit crimes ranging from petty shoplifting to gruesome murder.
C. Motivational
1. People with ASPD do not feel the motivation to conform as much as people without it leading many of them ignore cultural norms and societal expectations.
2. Studies have shown that though ASPD sufferers are highly impulsive and do not often think ahead, when offered a reward for each level of a computer game won…...

Similar Documents

Personality Disorders

...Personality Disorders Overview In order to understand disorders of personality is it necessary to have a clear understanding of what personality actually means. Every single person in the world has a unique personality different than everyone else. Our personalities are thought of as the way we act, think, believe, and feel that makes us different from each other (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2011). Personalities vary from person to person, and we all exhibit an intense, life long, pattern of behaviors, thoughts, and feelings known as traits. Personality traits are said to be stable throughout our life’s and the situations we are faced with in life. Personality traits can range from happy and outgoing to miserable, lonely, unstable, and unreliable. When personality becomes disruptive, and interferes with life in areas of social and occupational functions they are said to be a personality disorder (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2011). Persons with personality disorders have difficulty in their identities, pursuits in life, and relationships. Important to add at this point is the most common theories of personality disorders. One theory of personality is known as the five factor model (the Big 5). This theory uses five dimensions or factors with negative and positive opposites on a continuum to explain personality disorders from functional to dysfunctional. The Big 5 factors are negative emotionally, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness (Nolen-Hoeksema...

Words: 3154 - Pages: 13

Antisocial Personallity Disorder

...301.7 Antisocial Personality Disorder Diagnostic criteria “A. There is a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others occurring since age 15 years, as indicated by three (or more) of the following: B. The individual is at least age 18 years. C. There is evidence of conduct disorder with onset before age 15 years. D. The occurrence of antisocial behavior is not exclusively during the course of schizophrenia or a manic episode.” (Psychiatric News) Description Antisocial personality disorder is a condition characterized by repetitive behavioral, patterns that are contrary to usual moral, ethical standards, and cause a person to experience continuous conflict with society. Signs of Antisocial personality disorder include aggression, callousness, impulsiveness, irresponsibility, hostility, a low frustration level, marked emotional immaturity, and poor judgment. A person who has this disorder overlooks the rights of others, is incapable of loyalty to others or to social values, is unable to experience guilt or to learn from past behaviors, is impervious to punishment, and tends to rationalize his or her behavior or to blame it on others. “Antisocial personality disorder, also known as psychopathic personality or sociopathic personality often brings a person into conflict with society as a consequence of a pattern of behavior that is amoral and unethical. Complications that might arise from having this disorder include: frequent imprisonment for...

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

Antisocial Personality Disorder

...Antisocial Personality Disorder By Psych Central Staff Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by a long-standing pattern of a disregard for other people's rights, often crossing the line and violating those rights. It usually begins in childhood or as a teen and continues into their adult lives. Antisocial personality disorder is often referred to as psychopathy or sociopathy in popular culture. Individuals with Antisocial Personality Disorder frequently lack empathy and tend to be callous, cynical, and contemptuous of the feelings, rights, and sufferings of others. They may have an inflated and arrogant self-appraisal (e.g., feel that ordinary work is beneath them or lack a realistic concern about their current problems or their future) and may be excessively opinionated, self-assured, or cocky. They may display a glib, superficial charm and can be quite voluble and verbally facile (e.g., using technical terms or jargon that might impress someone who is unfamiliar with the topic). Lack of empathy, inflated self-appraisal, and superficial charm are features that have been commonly included in traditional conceptions of psychopathy and may be particularly distinguishing of Antisocial Personality Disorder in prison or forensic settings where criminal, delinquent, or aggressive acts are likely to be nonspecific. These individuals may also be irresponsible and exploitative in their sexual relationships. Symptoms of Antisocial Personality......

Words: 848 - Pages: 4

Antisocial Personality Disorder

...The Antisocial Personality Disorder is (APD) is a serious disease that affects many males and causes a great threat to families, friends, and even complete strangers. Most personality disorders may cause an inconvenience to a person’s family and friends, but usually harm themselves more than others. Antisocial Personality Disorder contrasts from other personality disorders because the defining trait is a predatory attitude toward other people. “They have a chronic indifference to and violation of the rights of one’s fellow human beings. The cause of antisocial personality disorder is unknown. Genetic factors and environmental factors, such as child abuse, and people with an antisocial parent are believed are at an increased risk to the development of this condition. (1) A common tendency of those with APD is criminal actions. These actions can range from stealing of everyday items to rape and/or murder. It is obvious that APD is a serious disorder with serious consequences. Criminologists need to have an understanding of APD as evidenced in the offender. Antisocial Personality Disorder affects less than one percent of females and about three percent of males and usually occurs before age 15. Most of these men are involved in some sort of criminal behavior. One heart-wrenching characteristic of men with this disorder is that they show no remorse for their victims or anyone involved. Those with APD are grandiose, arrogant, callous, superficial, and manipulative. Effectively,...

Words: 896 - Pages: 4

Antisocial Permasonaility Disorder and Human Development

...uiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm Antisocial Personality Disorder and Human Development PSY 450 5/12/2013 Bree Kinasewitz | When dealing with a psychological disorder of any kind it is important to look at how human development and socialization both effect and at time cause the adverse effects of the disorder When dealing with something as potentially dangerous as Antisocial Personality Disorder this can be doubly important. Personality Disorders not only can have direct effects on socialization but also human development, and both of these aspects of daily life can have a direct effect on the severity of the disorder. Looking at the development of some of the most prolific cases of Antisocial disorder, more specifically the childhoods and pre-kill times of serial killers there are signs of how their early socializations and over all development may have impacted their disorder and the violent actions later in life. According to the DSM-IV-TR Antisocial Personality disorder is categorized as a pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others. The etiology of this disorder also includes substance abuse and childhood abuse. This theory is upheld by the early life of none other than Ted Bundy. Until he was three years old he lived with his mother and grandfather. His grandfather......

Words: 862 - Pages: 4

Anti-Personality Disorder

...Introduction: The term “Antisocial Personality Disorder” was preceded by a number of others that stem from the early nineteenth century. Prichard (1835) introduced the concept of “Moral Insanity” to designate criminals who manifested an absence of control and ethical sense. A morally insane individual was considered to have an impaired intellect but to be nevertheless, incapable of “conducting himself with decency and propriety”. Some decades later the concept of “constitutional psychotic inferiority” was introduced. It was based on the unproved assumption that a severe type of impulsive, antisocial behavior disorder could only occur if the individual had a constitutional defect of the nervous system. In the first half of the present century the term “Psychopathic Personality” came into widespread used in the United States and is still frequently employed. A psychopath is defined by the American Psychiatric Association as a “Person whose behavior is predominantly amoral or antisocial and characterized by impulsive, irresponsible actions satisfying only immediate and narcissistic interests, without concern for obvious and implicit social consequences, accompanied with minimal outward evidence of anxiety and guilt.” Most of these terms and concepts are plagued by confusion in the criteria used to define them. In part, the concepts are defined by a social criterion but in larger part they are defined negatively, by exclusion: moral insanity and psychopathy designates those......

Words: 583 - Pages: 3

Antisocial Personality Disorder Research Paper

...Antisocial Personality Disorder According to the DSM-14-TR, Antisocial personality disorder can be defined as, a pervasive pattern of disregard and violation of the rights of other individuals starting from childhood or adolescence and continues through adulthood. A person with Antisocial Personality Disorder usually tends to have no remorse for criminal or disorderly actions, may be deceitful, often lie, steal, and often violate rules that may result in arrest. People with Antisocial Personality Disorder may also have problems with irresponsibility with holding a job, having financial difficulties, properly caring for a child, or neglecting to keep up with child support. “Prevalence of ASPD In community samples are about 3 percent in males and only 1 percent in females, prevalence estimates within clinical settings have varied from 3 percent to 30 percent, depending on predominant characteristics of the sampled population” (DSM-IV-TR). Although higher prevalence rates occur with substance abusers, people admitted with a substance related disorder cannot be diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder unless the signs of it were present as a child. If the substance abuse also occurred during childhood, then both substance abuse disorder and Antisocial personality disorder should be diagnosed (DSM-IV-TR). A study performed by Catherine F. Lewis, M.D., examined the relationship between violent behavior, substance abuse and dependence in 41 incarcerated women......

Words: 1143 - Pages: 5

Antisocial Personality Disorder

...journalists, broadcast reporters, and the public alike, have asked the question, “What kind of person is capable of taking another person’s life?” A person with Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) is capable of just that and much more. Common careers of people diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder include, sales, management, and business professionals, as well as con artists. This is not an exhaustive list of careers for the antisocial person, as it is common practice for an antisocial person to be a career criminal, and in the most severe cases a serial killer. APD has been defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association as a person having, “a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others” (1994, p.645). The criteria outlined in the DSM-IV notes that APD behavior is indicated by at least 3 of the following characteristics: 1) failure to conform to social norms, 2) deceitfulness, 3) impulsivity, 4) irritability, 5) reckless disregard for safety of self or others, 6) consistent irresponsibility, and 7) lack of remorse (1994, p. 645). It is essential to isolate the cause or causes of antisocial behavior because people with APD account for such a large portion of the criminal population. In The Antisocial Personalities, David Lykken notes, “that these criteria identify more than half of the men we refer to as common criminals” (1995, p.5). There is a......

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Antisocial Personality Disorder

...Case Analysis: Antisocial Personality Disorder People with antisocial personality disorder (ADP) behave in a manner that disregards another person’s rights. Many of the characteristics of antisocial personality disorder include, reckless behaviors toward oneself and others, aggression, difficulty planning, irritability, and impulsivity (Hansel & Damour, 2009). According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, antisocial personality disorder occurs in approximately 3% of males and 1% of females in the population (American Psychological Association, 2012). Additionally, people with antisocial personality disorder are manipulative toward others and initially behave in a charming, romantic, and loving manner (Hansel & Damour, 2009). Oftentimes the terms psychopath and sociopath are associated with people who have antisocial personality disorder because of the similar characteristics and behaviors. For example, lack of deep emotional connection, impulsivity, and continuous violations of social norms are characteristics of ADP and psychopathy (American Psychological Association, 2012). The case of Theodore Bundy provides an analysis of a man who meets the criteria for someone who has antisocial personality disorder. Many people and theorists have been interested in the story behind Theodore Bundy and television producers made movie reenacting Theodore Bundy’s acts of violence against several women. Theodore Bundy’s Background Theodore Bundy was born......

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

Antisocial Personality Disorder

...Antisocial Personality Disorder The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) lists 10 major disorders and grouped them based on the nature of the symptoms. There is Class A, odd or eccentric disorders, within this category fit Paranoid, Schizoid, and Schizotypal Personality Disorder. A generalization for this class could be that the disorder is rooted within their mind whether that means distancing themselves from others because they would rather be alone or that they deeply mistrust people. Class B disorders are known as Dramatic, emotional, or erratic disorders. This is the class where Antisocial personality disorder fits in. What I see in this grouping is disorders that rely on other people in such a way where the person with the disorder “feeds” off of the reactions he gets from his actions. Finally there is Class C, the anxious or fearful disorders such as OCPD, Dependent, or Avoidant Personality Disorder. The one I’m going to focus on however is the Antisocial (Psychopath) Personality Disorder. This disorder is described as “a disregard for and violation of the rights of others” (Psychology One) or in other words a person who doesn’t care about what effects his actions might have on others. Some things they might do are break laws, frequent lying, starting fights, lack of guilt or remorse, and not taking personal responsibility. “The Personality Puzzle” adds that, “when deceit and manipulation become core aspects of an individual’s way of......

Words: 1291 - Pages: 6

Antisocial Personality Disorder

...Antisocial personality disorder From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Not to be confused with Asociality, Antisocial behavior, Avoidant personality disorder, or Schizoid personality disorder. "ASPD" redirects here. For the sleep disorder, see Advanced sleep phase disorder. For the former trade union, see Amalgamated Society of Painters and Decorators. Antisocial personality disorder Classification and external resources ICD-10 F60.2 ICD-9 301.7 MedlinePlus 000921 Patient UK Antisocial personality disorder MeSH D000987 Personality disorders Cluster A (odd) Paranoid Schizoid Schizotypal Cluster B (dramatic) Antisocial Borderline Histrionic Narcissistic Cluster C (anxious) Avoidant Dependent Obsessive–compulsive Not specified Depressive Passive-aggressive Sadistic Self-defeating Psychopathy v t e Antisocial (or dissocial) personality disorder is characterized by a lack of empathy or remorse and a pervasive pattern of disregard for, or violation of, the rights of others. There may be an impoverished moral sense or conscience and a history of crime, legal problems, and impulsive and aggressive behavior. Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is the name of the disorder as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Dissocial personality disorder is the name of a similar or equivalent concept defined in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), where it states that the diagnosis includes......

Words: 3279 - Pages: 14

Personality Disorders

...consideration the important and central relationship that I share with my son, XXXXX. I will discuss the disorder, traits and symptoms that best fit each of us independently. I will analyze and reflect on why these traits and symptoms lend themselves to a mostly good, positive, and harmonious relationship that we share. My relationship with my son wasn’t always harmonious. When he was six years old I got sent to Federal Prison for eight years. I committed two bank robberies in Manhattan as a direct result of being a drug addict. I used drugs most of my life, from the age of 12, starting with marijuana. However, at the age of 31, after being stabbed five times, I started using heroin. I used it to relieve the pain... I ended up doing seven years and two months in federal prison. Prior to this incarceration I was an everyday part of my son’s life. We lived together. I took him to, and picked him up from school. We played together, ate together, sometimes even slept together. When I was sent to prison I tried my best to maintain a relationship with him via the mail and telephone calls. We did not get to see each other during this time. My son was thirteen when I was released. It was not easy getting back my relationship with him. Rather, creating a new, honest, supportive, and loving relationship with him. I have many psychological and personality disorders. As a child I suffered physical, sexual, and psychological abuse. I am diagnosed as suffering PTSD,......

Words: 1594 - Pages: 7

Antisocial Personality Disorder

...ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER What is Antisocial Personality Disorder? this disorder was previously known as both psychopathic and Sociopathic personality disorder. Like most personality disorders, there are many aspects that may add to the increase of symptoms.  Because the symptoms are long lasting, the idea that symptoms begin to appear in childhood or at least teenage years is well accepted. Studies have shown that a large proportion of folks with this disorder have noticeable behaviors earlier to age 15.  These behaviors include trouble with authority, legal disagreements, cruelty to animals, fire setting, and a dislike or anger toward authority.  This disorder is identified much more frequently in males. What are the symptoms of antisocial personality? The symptoms of antisocial personality disorder include a long-lasting form of disrespect for the rights of others.  There is a failure to conform to society's customs and expectations that often results in various arrests or legal participation as well as a history of untrustworthiness where the individual attempts to con people or use deception for personal profit.  Recklessness if often present, including angry outbursts, failure to consider consequences of behaviors, irritability, and/or physical assaults. Some claim that a major factor of this disorder is the reduced ability to feel sympathy for other people.  This incapacity to see the hurts, concerns, and other feelings of people often results in a......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Antisocial Personality Disorder

...ABSTRACT This study examines previous research of antisocial personality disorder. Both biological and psychological research was examined. This paper will attempt to identify common environmental factors shared among people with antisocial personality disorder. PROBLEM STATEMENT Undoubtedly, the first question asked by many upon the gruesome discovery of a murder victim is, “Who could commit such a heinous crime?” Newspaper journalists, broadcast reporters, and the public alike, have asked the question, “What kind of person is capable of taking another person’s life?” A person with Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) is capable of just that and much more. Common careers of people diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder include, sales, management, and business professionals, as well as con artists. This is not an exhaustive list of careers for the antisocial person, as it is common practice for an antisocial person to be a career criminal, and in the most severe cases a serial killer. APD has been defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association as a person having, “a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others” (1994, p.645). The criteria outlined in the DSM-IV notes that APD behavior is indicated by at least 3 of the following characteristics: 1) failure to conform to social norms, 2) deceitfulness, 3) impulsivity, 4) irritability, 5) reckless......

Words: 1743 - Pages: 7

Personality Disorder

...Personality Disorder Personality disorders are mental health conditions that affect how people manage their feelings and how they relate to other people. Disturbances of feeling and distorted beliefs about other people can lead to odd behavior, which can be distressing and which other people may find upsetting. The main symptoms are: being overwhelmed by negative feelings such as distress, anxiety, worthlessness or anger avoiding other people and feeling empty and emotionally disconnected difficulty managing negative feelings without self-harming (for example, abusing drugs and alcohol or taking overdoses) or, in rare cases,threatening other people odd behavior difficulty maintaining stable and close relationships,especially with partners, children and professional cares. sometimes, periods of losing contact with reality Symptoms typically get worse with stress. People with personality disorders often have other mental health conditions, especially depression and substance misuse. Personality disorders typically start in adolescence and continue into adulthood. They may be mild, moderate or severe, and people may have periods of 'remission' where they can function well. Personality disorders are caused by a combination of genetic reasons and experiences of distress or fear during childhood, such as neglect or abuse. 1 Types of Personality Disorder The different types of personality disorder that might need treatment can be broadly grouped into one......

Words: 2712 - Pages: 11