An Explanation of Augustine’s Conception of the City of God, a Dichotomy Between the Heavenly City and Earthly City.

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Addawray
Words 799
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St. Augustine was an influential philosopher who lived in the fourth and fifth century AD. He conceived the world to be made up of two cities namely the earthly city and the heavenly city (the city of God). The city of God as conceived by Augustine is founded on the hope of heavenly peace and spiritual salvation. The main purpose of the city of God is to save mankind from sin and sufferings. This city is inhabited by holy persons and angels sacrificing self-interest and worshiping God only. These angels and holy persons do not look after their personal interest and have great regard for morality and ethics. The earthly city on the other hand was conceived by Augustine to be founded on appetitive and possessive impulses that are found in the lower categories of animals. The inhabitants of the earthly city are basically concerned with their personal interest. They do not have regard for morality, virtue and ethics. The inhabitants of the earthly city are usually willing to do anything so long as their parochial interest will be served. The inhabitants of the earthly city are more or less slaves of their desires and thus forget the will and wishes of God. They also forget to worship him.
The behavior and attitude of the inhabitants of the heavenly city is that of goodliness and sacrifice. Because the heavenly city is inhabited by angels and holy persons, goodliness and sacrifice are virtues that are very common there. The inhabitants of the heavenly city are good towards each other and sacrifice their personal interest for the good of others and society at large. Jesus the Christ is perceived to have been a citizen of the heavenly city and as such had the virtue of sacrifice. He gave off his life on the cross so that mankind will be saved from eternal…...

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