American History - Republican Era

In: Social Issues

Submitted By shankar334
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American System: government subsidies favored by Henry Clay and his followers to promote American economic growth and protect domestic manufacturers from foreign competition
Anglo-American Accords: series of agreements reached in British-American Convention of 1818; fixed western boundary between US and Canada as 49th parallel; restored fishing rights
Chesapeake Incident: 1807 attack by British ship Leopard on American ship Chesapeake in American waters
Dartmouth College vs. Woodward: 1819 Supreme Court decision that prohibited the stated from interfering with the privileges granted to a private corporation
Embargo Act of 1807: Act passed by Congress prohibiting American ships from leaving for any foreign port
Era of Good Feelings: 1817-1823; period in which the disappearance of the Federalists enable the Republicans to govern in a spirit of nonpartisan harmony
Fletcher vs. Peck: Supreme Court decision of 1810 that overturned a state law by ruling it violated a legal contract
Treaty of Ghent: December 1814 treaty between US and Britain; ended War of 1812
Impressment: British policy of forcible enlisting American sailors into the British navy
Marbury vs. Madison: 1803 Supreme Court decision creating the precedent of judicial review by ruling part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional
McCulloch vs. Maryland: 1819 Supreme Court decision upholding constitutionality of Second Bank of the United States and the exercise of federal powers within a state
Missouri Compromise: sectional compromise in Congress in 1820 that admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state; made slavery illegal in Louisiana territory above 36 deg 30 min north latitude
Monroe Doctrine: James Monroe; 1823; W. Hemisphere closed off to further European colonization and the US would not interfere in European affairs
Battle of New Orleans: War of 1812 victory for America…...

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