In: Science

Submitted By psanches
Words 1761
Pages 8
- Um prognóstico da distribuição geográfica dos solos como corpos naturais.
-Identifica solos que passam a ser conhecidos como unidades naturais, prevê e delineia suas áreas nos mapas, em termos de classes definidas de solos.
-Identifica e separa unidades de mapeamento.
-É constituído, na sua forma final, por um mapa e um texto explicativo. - O mapa mostra a distribuição espacial de características dos solos e a composição de unidades de mapeamento em termos de unidades taxonômicas.

Subdividir áreas heterogêneas em parcelas mais homogêneas, que apresentem menor variabilidade possível, em função dos parâmetros de classificação e das características utilizadas para a distinção de solos.

Cada unidade de mapeamento delineada num mapa de solos possui um conjunto de propriedades inter-relacionadas que lhe são próprias.
Em países desenvolvidos, os levantamentos de solos são executados para atendimento de projetos, envolvendo:
*O uso agrícola e não agrícola;
*Conservação e recuperação dos solos;
*Decisões localizadas em construção civil, expansão urbana, irrigação, drenagem, taxação de impostos, previsão de safras;
*Planejamento de uso racional do solo em nível de propriedades.

Em taxonomia de solos, o indivíduo solo não é perfeitamente distinto é uma entidade imaginária, criada artificialmente por conveniência (KNOX, 1965).
Entre as unidades de referência de maior relevância para levantamento de solos estão o perfil, o pedon e o polipedon.

O pedon é uma unidade básica de referência, tridimensional, com limites e dimensões arbitrárias, cuja área é determinada pela variabilidade lateral das características utilizadas em taxonomia de…...

Similar Documents

Fossil Fuel Dependency & Americans I believe if we could come together and find a solution then we could stop the irreparable damage we have been producing over the past years. The resources are available, it’s just a matter of coming together and finding a solution. References Bessou, C., Ferchaud, F., Gabrielle, B., & Mary, B. (2011). Biofuels, greenhouse gases and climate change. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 1(31), 1-79. Donner, W., & Rodriquez, H. (2011). Disaster Risk and Vulnerablity. Retrieved from Polack, R., Wood, S., & Bradley, E. (2008). Fossil Fuels and Food Security: Analysis and Recommendations for Community Organizers. Journal Of Community Practice, 16(3), 359-375. Envirolink. (2012). The Envirolink Network. Retrieved from Tubbs, N. (2005). Fossil Fuel Culture. Parallax, 11(4), 104-115. NCCP. (2012). Making work Support Work. Retrieved from Bessou, C., Ferchaud, F., Gabrielle, B., & Mary, B. (2011). Biofuels, greenhouse gases and climate change. A review. Agronomy For Sustainable Development (EDP Sciences), 31(1), 1-79. Hossain, M. E., & Islam, M. R. (2008). An Alternative Fuel for Motor Vehicles. Energy Sources Part A: Recovery, Utilization & Environmental Effects, 30(10), 942-953....

Words: 1937 - Pages: 8

A Feasibiity Study of Establishing African Oil Palm Farming in General Santos City -Chapter 1

...researchers want to conduct this study in order to test the feasibility of establishing African Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) farming in General Santos City. The general goal of the researchers is to open up a new business opportunity for General Santos City and other interested individuals. Furthermore, this leads the researchers to the formulation of their general and specific objectives. 1.2 Statement of the Problem and Objectives of the Study This study aims to test the feasibility African Oil Palm Farming in General Santos City. Specifically, this study aims to accomplish the following objectives: 1. Determine the economic importance, environment impact and yield potential of African Oil Palm Farming. 1. Identify the agronomy, agro – ecological and other necessary requirements for African Oil Palm Farming and test the qualification of General Santos City to these requirements. 2. Determine the management, organizational, marketing, technical, and financial and socio – economic feasibilities of African Oil Farming and its impact to General Santos City. 3. Develop a business plan proposal from the feasibility study conducted. 1.3 Significance of the Study This study attempts to find out the feasibility of African Palm Oil Farming in General Santos City .The findings of this study would be beneficial to various sectors which are as follows. This study would be beneficial to General Santos City who is concerned in the growing unemployment of its......

Words: 1866 - Pages: 8

Business Selling

...invested heavily in setting up production lines to process these potatoes and make the fries. However, production was discontinued, as the right quality of potatoes could not be sourced. The variety of potato required by McDonald's had to have a certain length, high solids content and low moisture content while the ones that were available were of the table-grade variety. Nonetheless, as per its initial commitment to local sourcing, McDonald's and its supplier partner, McCain Foods Pvt. Ltd., began to work closely with farmers in Gujarat and Maharashtra to develop process-grade potato varieties. Leaders in agronomy, technology and innovation, McCain Foods Pvt. Ltd. partnered with McDonald's to work with farmers in Gujarat (specifically the towns of Deesa and Kheda) to interact with agronomists and field assistants to demonstrate the best practices - right from better agronomy techniques like irrigation system, sowing seed treatments, planting methods, fertilizer application programmes and better storage methods for the produce. In addition to this, the farmers also benefit through incremental monetary gains as they sell directly to McCain Foods Pvt. Ltd. instead of commission agents. The result of these efforts has been that now the Gujarat potato crop has been utilised to make McDonald's ‘Chatpatey' Potato Wedges. Dynamix Dairy McDonald's Supplier of Cheese Towards fulfilling its commitment to sourcing almost all of its products from local suppliers, McDonald's has......

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5


... | |Place of education |Pristine Kosovo | |Name and type of organisation providing |University of Pristina, Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary, Department of Agroeconomy | |education | | |Title or qualification awarded |Master degree | | | | |Date |01/10/2008 → 20/09/2011 | |Place of education |Pristina Kosovo | |Name and type of organisation providing |University of Pristina, Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary, Department of Agroeconomy | |education | | |Title or qualification awarded |Bachelor......

Words: 688 - Pages: 3


...either the M.D. or D.O.), law schools (J.D.), veterinary schools (D.V.M.), pharmacy schools (Pharm.D.), and dental schools. A common practice is to refer to different units within universities as colleges or schools (what is referred to in other countries as faculties). Some colleges may be divided into departments, including ananthropology department within a college of liberal arts and sciences within a larger university. Yet, few universities adopt the term "college" as names of academic organizations. For example, Purdue University is composed of multiple colleges—among others, the College of Agriculture and the College of Engineering. Of these Purdue breaks the College of Agriculture down into departments, such as the Department of Agronomy or the Department of Entomology, whereas Purdue breaks down the College of Engineering into schools, such as the School of Electrical Engineering, which enrolls more students than some of its colleges do. As is common in this scheme, Purdue categorizes both its undergraduate students (and faculty and programs) and its post-graduate students (and faculty and programs) via this scheme of decomposition, being a topical decomposition that focuses on an academic sector of directly related academic disciplines. From wikipedia...

Words: 479 - Pages: 2

Persuasive Speech

... I. Introduction A. Which apple? B. The FDA 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations, and 5,000 deaths per year from food borne illnesses. majority contaminated produce, 38%. A. To persuade my audience to try locally grown produce over organic produce from thousands of mile away. B. Vast and heated topic C. Advantages in the areas of health and taste. (Transition: Trip to California.) C. Health A. No consistent findings 1. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, a team from the University of California, Davis, significantly more vitamin C. No significant differences, conventional and organic bell peppers. 2., Dr. Stephen Kaffka , Involved, renowned student garden, Ph.D. in agronomy (field-crop production and soil management) a. UC Davis study “Long-Term Research on Farming Systems Project," 1991, slated for 100 years. Organic tomatoes plant compounds with potent antioxidant activity. 10-year mean levels of were 79-97 percent higher conventional b. Findings intriguing, Kaffka , factors confound the results: soil types could be moisture or irrigation ,the variety of tomatoes Few rigorous studies that have compared organic conventional mixed results. No consistent evidence lead to more healthful foods. So Kaffka skeptical. B. Locally grown food, healthier food choices. 1. Home-cooked meal, local foods, eat better; sustain local economy, Christine Olson, professor of nutritional sciences at......

Words: 447 - Pages: 2

Team Building

...The first step of the project was to choose the kind of products we wanted to sell. Thus, we organized a short meeting via Skype. As an engineer in agronomy and life sciences (double diploma with AgroParisTech), I suggested a project in the field of agriculture, especially the fair trade part since it can be very profitable for the farmers as well as for the company. This subject seemed to interest the other members of the team, so we decided all together to build a company that would work in B to B and to settle it in Indonesia. Then we divided a bit the researches to be done, everybody choosing the most appealing part to him/her. We communicated on the results of our researches by e-mail and Evgeniia had the good idea to create a Google Document, summarizing all the different parts and what to put in them, so that everybody could share what they had found. Those two steps took us about one week. Since I noticed that things were not moving very fast at the end of the first week, I decided to set up a small schedule to plan our second meeting and to decide when everybody would give me back their slides, so that I could harmonize the whole Powerpoint document. During our second Skype meeting, we divided the slides and agreed on the most important points of our project (product, business model…). In particular, Evgeniia and Fan made a plan of the presentation with the number of slides for each point we wanted to evoke. In the end, everybody sent their slides to me......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2


...a consequence of the balance between supply and demand for nitrogen during grain filling? Annals of Applied Biology, 138 (1), 91-95. Chapman, S.C., Hammer, G.L. and Meinke, H., 1993. A sunflower simulation model. I. Model development. Agronomy Journal, 85 (3), 725-735. Chapman, S.C., Cooper, M., Hammer, G.L., et al., 2000a. Genotype by environment interactions affecting grain sorghum. II. Frequencies of different seasonal patterns of drought stress are related to location effects on hybrid yields. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 51 (2), 209-221. Chapman, S.C., Hammer, G.L., Butler, D.G., et al., 2000b. Genotype by environment interactions affecting grain sorghum. III. Temporal sequences and spatial patterns in the target population of environments. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 51 (2), 223-233. Chapman, S.C., Hammer, G.L., Podlich, D.W., et al., 2002. Linking bio-physical and genetic models to integrate physiology, molecular biology and plant breeding. In: Kang, M.S. ed. Quantitative genetics, genomics, and plant breeding. CAB International, Wallingford, 167-187. Chapman, S.C., Cooper, M., Podlich, D., et al., 2003. Evaluating plant breeding strategies by simulating gene action and dryland environment effects. Agronomy Journal, 95 (1), 99-113. Cooper, M. and Hammer, G.L., 1996. Synthesis of strategies for crop improvement. In: Cooper, M. and Hammer, G.L. eds. Plant adaptation and crop improvement. CAB International, Wallingford, 591623. Cooper, M.......

Words: 8044 - Pages: 33

Algae and Moss Control

...Algae and Moss Control in Turf Agronomy Information Leaflet Art Bruneau, Extension Turfgrass Specialist Bill Lewis, Extension Weed Control Specialist Published by The North Carolina Cooperative Service Publication Number: TM-20 Last Electronic Revision: September, 1995 (MPR) Infestations of algae and moss in the turf are associated with unfavorable conditions for growing healthy, dense turf. Algae are unicellular or multicellular threadlike green plants that form a thin dense green scum over the soil surface. This scum forms a tough black crust when dry which acts as a barrier impeding the entrance of water and nutrients into the soil. Algae are competitive in compacted, waterlogged soils and during warm, sunny, humid conditions. Mosses are green plants with leaves arising from all sides of a central axis. Mosses may grow erect or prostrate. They typically form a thick green mat at the soil surface. Conditions favoring the growth of mosses include low fertility, poorly drained soils, high soil acidity, excessively wet soils, soil compaction, excessive thatch or a combination of these factors that add up to thin or weak turf. Mosses are very competitive in cool, moist, shaded locations, such as the north side of buildings and wooded areas. Physical or chemical removal of these pests will only be temporary unless growing conditions are improved. In some areas you may choose to use a mulch cover (pine straw, bark, etc.) or plant a shade-tolerant ground cover instead of......

Words: 552 - Pages: 3


...Full-time students are expected to take up to four years to complete the study, each year consisting of two semesters. Part-time students may take up to a maximum of eight years. Candidates must take and pass all required courses to qualify for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Science in Agriculture. In-service students with Diploma qualifications may be allowed to transfer upto a maximum 30% of the degree credit from Diploma level courses on the provision that the courses transferred were passed with grade B and above and in conformity with other specific terms set by the university senate. The acronym ―AGRO‖ refers to the Section Agronomy. The first digit represents the year or level of teaching with 1 as introductory; 2 and 3 as intermediate; and 4 as advanced and applied. The second digit refers to sub-disciplines within agronomy or crop science as follows: 0=General or Basic Principles 1=Crop Physiology and Environment 2=Crop Improvement and Biotechnology 3=Crop Protection 4=Seed Science and Technology 5=Annual Crops 6=Perennial Crops 7=Pastures and Fodder Crops 8=Interdisciplinary courses. 9=Biometry and Experimentation; Projects, Seminars, Field Visits, Field Attachment. 6.5 Examination Regulations All examinations for this programme shall be conducted in accordance with examination regulations as stipulated in the Egerton University Statute XXVIII Grading System The grading of examinations for this programme shall be conducted in accordance with......

Words: 1956 - Pages: 8

List of Agriculture Careers

...settings, many large agricultural organizations also employ agriculture educators and researchers. Common jobs include: * Education specialist * Education supervisor * Farm management * Soil conservationist * Extension advisor 4. Agricultural Engineering One area of agriculture that requires an advanced degree within a field of engineering is agricultural engineering. Agriculture requires the extensive use of machinery, buildings, water lines and waste management, all which require expert knowledge to keep the food supply safe. Consider the following opportunities: * Structural engineer * Irrigation engineer * Sanitary/waste handling * Food engineer * Bioprocessing engineer * Machine design engineer 5. Agronomy/Soils Agronomy deals with soil management and crop production. Most upper level positions within this field require an advanced degree in agriculture, biology or genetics, but there are some positions (particularly those in sales) that may require only a high school education and experience within the field. Opportunities include: * Crop specialist * Soil scientist * Fertilizer sales representative * Plant breeder * Plant geneticist * Soil conservationist * Soil surveyor * Farm supply representative 6. Animal Sciences If you love working with livestock like pigs, cattle or horses, you may want to look into careers within animal sciences. These individuals may help with the care of animals as ranch hands or......

Words: 841 - Pages: 4


...importance of understanding your own constitute (environment, climate, soil properties) is fundamental to make conclusions on whether or not the system is suitable for chicory. Overall the chicory will benefit most farming systems. Like anything, there is room for improvement and I believe the cultivars need to be more tolerable of any condition and be less dormant. References Agricom. (2009). Chocory guide for sheep and deer farms. Retrieved from Guangdi, L., & Kemp, P. D. (2005). Forage Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.): A Review of Its Agronomy and Animal Production. In L. S. Donald (Ed.), Advances in Agronomy (Vol. Volume 88, pp. 187-222): Academic Press. Retrieved from doi: Hume, D. E., Lyons, T. B., & Hay, R. J. M. (1995). Evaluation of 'Grasslands Puana' chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) in various grass mixtures under sheep grazing. NZ J. Agric. Res., 38, 317-328. M, H. (1986). Development of Grasslands Puana chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) seed and the determination of time of harvest for maximum seed......

Words: 1598 - Pages: 7


...that report findings from re-examination and interpretation of existing data are welcome. Modeling papers are welcome only to a certain extent, i.e., they must be related to a specific pollution issue or process that is potentially of ecological and/or human health implications. Critical review papers and commentaries are also of high interest as are letters to the editor. The editors do not wish to publish papers that describe results from routine surveys and monitoring programs that are primarily of local or regional interest. Descriptions of well-known pollutants, such as legacy pollutants, in yet another location are not of interest. Papers about sewage, waste and wastewater treatment and management as well as standard techniques in agronomy, remediation, biomonitoring, bioremediation and phytoremediation are not acceptable. However, papers on innovative techniques to combat regional or global problems are welcome; however, technical studies must show their field applicability. Furthermore, the editors discourage submission of papers which describe analytical methods, laboratory experiments, food science studies, screening of new plant/animal/microorganism species for effect assessments and testing known pollution and chemicals in another setting. Eutrophication studies and secondary pollution by eutrophication are not covered by Environmental Pollution. In the same line, papers on ocean enrichment by CO2 will not be accepted. The abstract (up to 300 words),......

Words: 483 - Pages: 2

Agronomy Thinker Session

...Thinker Session 3 What was the overall, main message shared by the speakers? (2-3 sentences) The main message of the speakers was pretty much their own experiences, and how their farms operate. It was really interesting to see the different types of farming. All three of them were completely different than what we do on my home farm. They shared pros and cons of how they farm, and what they’re doing in the future to make the way they farm better. What were the main concerns/observations/experiences of the speakers that formed the basis for their comments and/or recommendations? (about ½ page) Nathan talked about his 850 acre row crop operation. On his family farm, they also raise about 80 stock cattle on 50 acres of pasture. Something that they are experimenting with is planting cover crops on their row crops, and then grazing the cattle on the cover crops. This has worked so far, and they are looking to do more of this. Nathan thinks that grazing cover crops is a logical step for the best management of the farm. Doing this, Nathan believes it will be helpful for long term farming. Something that Nathan doesn’t like doing is spraying, therefore making it unsustainable. He is trying to figure out ways to reduce the amount of spraying and fertilizer that they use on his family farm. Mike operates an 858 acre bison farm. Mikes family started with beef cattle, and tried to manage them like bison, grazing them year around. This didn’t work, and they lost quite a few calves.......

Words: 807 - Pages: 4

Team Dynamics Coach and Mentor. KPI’s are used to measure team performance and displayed visually. Teams use primary KPI’s based on QSCP category; and there are 4 –to 5 KPI’s covering all categories is displayed, updated & maintained by Champion of each KPI (as per tem activities mapping). In a research-based company such as Felda Agricultural Services Sdn. Bhd. (FASSB), team organization systems found in Nestle are also in place for the company to achieve its KPIs and financial targets. On top of that, the research teams are also organized based on the research disciplines such as agronomy, biotechnology, entomology and so on. This way, work can be conducted in a more coordinated way. However, in certain situations, there are also cross-functional or multidisciplinary teams being set up so solve problems that are cross-functional in nature such as having biotechnology input to solve a problem related to agronomy. The benefit of having a multidisciplinary team filled with a diverse range of skills and expertise seems obvious. The company found that teams that were more multidisciplinary tended to have introduced more innovations as compared to a single unit teams. How to create effective teams, team work, and team building is a challenge in every organization. Work environments in most companies tend to favour individuals working on personal goals for personal gain. Typically, reward, recognition, and pay systems single out the achievements of individual employees. Appraisal,......

Words: 1745 - Pages: 7